Allegheny County

Military - WWI

 

A History of Pittsburg and Western Pennsylvania Troops in the War

By John V. Hanlon (Copyright 1919 by The Pittsburg Press)

 

 

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This Page was last updated 24 May 2011

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Transcribed and contributed by Lynn Beatty

 

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A History of Pittsburg and Western Pennsylvania Troops in the War
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 

Introduction:- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -iv

Untold Deeds of Heroism, One of the First Three, Burial of Pittsburg Hero,
A War of Metal and Mettle, Many Local Men Commissioned,
Arsenal of the World, Praise for Pittsburg Men, Unsurpassable Morale,
A Glorious Contribution, The Eighteenth Ordered Out!
The Volunteers Depart, The Engineers Depart, Eighteenth Camps Here,
Guardsmen Go South, Cleaning Up the Village


Chapter 1- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1

The Draftees Depart, Local Boys Good Fighters, Many Pittsburg Aviators,
Terribly Gases Ready, 300,000 from Pennsylvania, At the Cantonments,
Learning the Art of War, Scheme Causes Big Protest, The Old Eighteenth is Saved, Gen. Muir Takes Charge, Local Guard Regiments, The “Fighting Tenth”
“Pittsburg’s Own”, The Sixteen Regiment, First Field Artillery, Off for France!


Chapter II - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -18

What the Americans Did, Brigaded with the British, Units are Separated,
At Montmirail, On the 4th of July, Chuckles Over ”False Alarm”,
Americans Rout the Enemy, Fought Like Demons, Glory for the Old Eighteenth


Chapter III - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 30

Dodging the German Shells, No Sleep for 48 Hours, The Bombardment Starts,
The Battle of the Marne, Crouched in Trenches, A Slaughter of Prussians,
What the “Green” Troops Did, The Keystone Holds!, Hand-to-Hand Fighting,
Alone in the Battle


Chapter IV - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -42

To the Rescue!, A Thrilling Experience, Capt. McLain Decorated,
Made the Germans Run, Battle in Wheat Field, What a Pigeon Brought,
Force Big Hun Retreat, Machine Gun Nests, How the Hun Fought,
A Fatal Encounter, Turning Point of the War, The German Retreat Starts,
Evening Active in Air


Chapter V - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 55

How Two Towns Fell, Driving Out the Hun, Germans Try to Rally,
Acts of Heroism, “The Spirit That Wins”, Approaching the Ourcq,
Had to Move Rapidly


Chapter VI - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -67

German Warfare, Yankee Strategy Wins, Took Church, But No Prisoners,
The Crossing of the Ourcq, Compared with Belleau, Into A Hell of Fire,
Then They Fought Again, Sixth Attack Successful, The Dreaded Gas Mask,
Fought to His Death


Chapter VII - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 77

Old Tenth Man Killed, Marvelous Endurance, Perilous Hours,
Reasons Why Men “Fidgeted”, Work Under Terrific Fire,
Signalmen Do Heroic Work, Get Hun on the Run At Last, Pass Roosevelt’s Grave,
On the Way to Fismes, Patrols Close Together, Four Days in “No Man’s Land”


Chapter VIII - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -88

Goes Over the Top With Boys, Ministered to German Boy, Was Ticklish Work,
Bad Day for Doughboy, German Major Gets Lesson, Fight Way into Fismes,
Germans Sacrificed to Hold Town, Grenadier Meets Sudden End,
Many Die at Fismette, Glorious Bravery Shown, Great Keystone Division Fights


Chapter IX - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -99

Fierce Bayonet Action, Psychology of War, Loses Sense of Danger,
Became Supermen, Gallant Pittsburgers, Show Rare Initiative,
Wounded Hero Mans Gun, Rescues Wounded, Show Splendid Heroism,
Carried Ammunition, Wins Immortal Praise


Chapter X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -109

All in the Game, What Football Did, Moral Side Shown, How Thompson Died,
Inferno at Fismette, Prager is Cited, Wouldn’t Budge, How They Were Saved,
Ambulances Cross


Chapter XI - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 119

Rush for the River, Cavanaugh’s Daring Work, Capt. Lynch Killed,
Many Wade Stream, Heroic Deeds Mentioned, Runners Face Death,
Capt. Cain Leads Charge, Pittsburgers Praised, Gunners Show Grit


Chapter XII - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -129

No Quarter Asked or Given, Officers are Wounded, Resistance in Vain,
Towns Pounded to Dust, Col. Ham Wounded, Yanks Suffered Heavily,
Blast Huns from Aisne, Shells Follow Officer, Named “Iron Division”
Praised by Commander, Facing More Hard Work, Flyers Pledge Support


Chapter XIII - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 142

Eightieth Division, Infantry, Artillery, Engineers, Signal, Trains, Division Units, U.S. Gas Deadly, Timely Aid by Tanks, Barrage Visible,
Infantry Advances, It Was Slow Work, Fought Hard for Gains,
New Difficulty Overcome, The Bombardment Commences,
Zero Hour for Infantry, Artillery Effective, In the Enemy Trenches


Chapter XIV - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -155

Beyond Artillery Fire, Towns Captured, Varennes Entered, In Varennes,
Team Work of Different Branches, Hospital Units Get Comment,
“Iron Division” Goes Ahead, German Resistance Stiffens,
Individual Bravery Shown,Wins Distinguished Service Cross,
Chaplain Officers an Attack, Burn and Pillage in Retreat


Chapter XV - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 170

Germans Attack First, Germans Launch Another Attack, Organized Fresh Attack,
Pennsylvanian Cited for Bravery, Infantry Advances Beyond Apremont,
Kremhilde Line Next, Warren Boy is Hero, Chatel-Chehery Falls,
Stopped At Grand Pre, Artillery on Detached Service,
Maj. Smathers Becomes First in Command, First Big Fight of the Eightieth,
Used Exceptional Strategy


Chapter XVI - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -186

Shells Kill Many, Million Dollar Barrage, It Was Up-Hill Work,
Into Their Own Barrage, In the Enemy’s Quarters, Saw Airplane Battle,
Planes Attack Balloon, Rumors of Armistice, “Over The Top” Again,
In the Rest Area


Chapter XVII - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 201

At Camp Meucon, Battery E Wins, Move to the Battle Front,
Desolation Everywhere, Set Up Guns Before Fismes,
Stench of Dead Bodies Annoying


Chapter XVIII - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -209

The War Over, The Eightieth Division


Chapter XIX - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -217

Recruiting of Unit, Training Period, Camp at Southampton, Arrival at Angers,
The First Patients, French Sympathetic, Personnel Increased, Lost First Man,
Barracks Completed, Sought Commission, Many Men Wounded, Ready for Americans,
Wounded Marines Arrive, Wounded from Pittsburg, Plans for Camp,
Men Sent to Front, Clubhouse Erected


Chapter XX - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 242

Camp Near Oakmont, Off For France, Land in England, Greeted By French,
Assigned to Duty, Gets Separate Task, Went Into Barracks,
French Methods Slow, Breaks Camp Again, Winter at Jonchery,
More Work in the S.O.S., At Sampigny, Hiking to the Argonne,
Disappointed Troops, Go to Varennes, The Armistice, Orders to Sail,
Important Work for Co. C, Passes to Bordeaux


Chapter XXI - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -259

Laboratory Finished, German Gas Effective, “Camouflage” Gas,
Germany Equalled, American Strategy, Board of Strategy,
How Projectors Were Used, Pittsburger Aids Service,
American Chemistry Supreme


Index of Photographs - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 267

 

 
 
 

 

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