THE YELLOW FEVER
NORFOLK AND PORTSMOUTH,
as reported in the
Transcription by Donna Bluemink
Note: Correspondence usually dates from the previous day(s) so there may be repetition between news and correspondence of various dates.
Market Square, Norfolk.
"Historical Collections of Virginia," by Henry Howe,
Babcock & Co., Charleston, SC, 1846, page 392 overleaf.
FROM NORFOLK AND PORTSMOUTH.–Dr. Trugien, of Portsmouth, writes the following letter to Petersburg, and we extract it from the columns of the Express of that place:
The condition of things in our town at the present is most serious and alarming. Deaths are occurring all around us, new cases are multiplying hourly, and our means of treating them are hourly diminishing. This you will the more readily understand, when I tell you I am doing the duties of two physicians, (Drs. Schoolfield and Maupin,) besides my own, which are sufficiently numerous and onerous to occupy me unceasingly; and God only knows how long I shall be able to do what I am now doing. I shall continue at the laboring oar until I fall.Can you not make this known through the Press and call on some of your Faculty to come to our assistance? Drs. Hatton and Hodges are the only physicians now up besides myself, and at the present writing the latter gentleman is absent in attendance upon his family, who are in the country. Ours is a devoted and self-sacrificing profession, and I call upon them in the name of humanity, to come to our help. Who of the able and noble Faculty of Petersburg will venture?
A correspondent of the same paper, writing from Norfolk, Monday, says:
"The deaths and new cases, today, number more than they have done since the fever made its appearance. A lighter load was taken from the wharf to-day by the steam ferry boat Princess Anne, to Julappi Hospital, at Lambert's Point. Provisions of all kinds have gone up to an almost incredible figure–bacon is 20 cents per pound, and meal $1.75 a $2 per bushel."A letter from Norfolk, Saturday, says: "Thousands of our people have left us, and many more are daily going off to occupy corn houses and stables, half frantic with alarm. I learn to-day that cases have occurred three miles from this city, which make us poor mortals think that we here should be better contented with our condition. My heart sickens at the recital of our sufferings, and hence I will say no more. This is decidedly the saddest day we have as yet experienced in Norfolk. I trust in God "this plague" may not visit Richmond! It becomes every day more mysterious, and truly it walketh in darkness.
A correspondent of the Journal of Commerce, writing from Portsmouth under date of Aug. 17th says: "I send you herein a number of the Transcript, which has not been issued for many days. I went up in the office, and there found Fiske, our Mayor, alone at work at the press, and throwing the numbers off as fast as he could. All his hands are gone. Maupin's, Bilisoli's, and Neville's, are the only groceries open. I advise you by all means not to return here.
The town of Smithfield has adopted a regulation allowing persons to come there who have not been in Norfolk, Portsmouth or Gosport, for the twenty days preceding their arrival at Smithfield.
MISS ANDREWS.–This Philanthropic young lady from Syracuse, N. Y., who has gone to Norfolk, in the capacity of a nurse, is said to be a niece of Judge Hall, of that State. She is just 21 years of age–very handsome, and a communicant of the Protestant Episcopal church.
THE EPIDEMIC.–The epidemic now raging in Norfolk and Portsmouth is the vomito prieto or black vomit. Many persons apparently in full health are taken suddenly while in the streets, with vomiting, and unless immediately relieved, almost invariably die. The old treatment for the yellow fever has no effect whatever. The African or West India treatment alone can save the patient.
A SAD SPECTACLE.–The plague boat (a barge which the authorities have fitted up to convey the sick to the temporary hospital at the race course,) lies in a slip close to our vessel, and yesterday I crossed the deck to take a look at the arrangements. Large mattresses are spread on the bottom of the boat, and an awning is spread over all. In the boat were two men, three boys between the ages of eight and ten, a little girl four years old, and an empty coffin. Two of the boys were orphans; their father died the day before, and their mother that morning. The little girl sat besides one of the men, who was probably her father. As he rolled and tossed with fever, his hat was displaced; she picked it up and endeavored to replace it, but he seemed unconscious of her attentions. Once he opened his eyes and gazed vacantly at me, then closed them, as if the effort was painful. The little girl sat there so unconscious of danger and death that I felt as if she was safe. Her innocent, guileless countenance seemed in pleasant contrast to the sad and anxious faces I meet at every turn. I left, speculating on her probable history. Doubtless her mother is dead, and her father dying; will she look back in after years to wish that she had died in that hour, or rather to bless the God of the fatherless?–Letter from Norfolk.LOCAL MATTERS.
LIBERAL CONTRIBUTION.–We learn from undoubted authority that the employees of the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad Company have subscribed $104.50 to the fund for the relief of the Norfolk and Portsmouth sufferers.
RELIEF FOR PORTSMOUTH AND NORFOLK.–We are happy to learn that about $4,000 have been collected in this city for the relief of our suffering fellow citizens of Portsmouth and Norfolk. The general committee, appointed by the meeting of the citizens of Richmond for the purpose, are requested to meet at 10 o'clock this (Thursday) morning, in the State Library. The following gentlemen compose the committee:
Monroe Ward.–Judge John A. Meredith, Overton Steger, Dr. A. T. B. Merritt, George W. Clutter, N. M. Martin, Wm. F. Ritchie.
Madison Ward.–Judge W. W. Crump, Robert W. Hughes, Charles S. Mills, Thomas W. McCance, Richard Barton Haxall, Thomas B. Bigger.
Jefferson Ward.–Richard O. Haskins, J. M. Talbott, P. H. Butler, N. B. Hill, Edwin Farrar, Robert A. Mayo.
George W. Munford, Chairman of the Committee.
Persons who have not subscribed, and desire to do so, will send in their subscriptions today to one of the Committee.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF RELIEF.–We publish the following letter from W. Watts, Esq., President of the Council of Portsmouth, to J. W. Randolph, Esq., of this city, acknowledging the receipt of $500.60 for the relief of the sufferers in that place. The postscript will show our citizens that the quarantine regulations adopted, were not as harshly regarded as has been represented:Portsmouth, Va., August 20th, 1855.
J. W. Randolph, Esq., Richmond, Va.
Dear Sir:–I gratefully acknowledge the receipt of your esteemed favor of the 18th inst., enclosing a check for $500.60, contributed by the kind citizens of Richmond, for the relief of our sick and needy. I tender to you, and to our Richmond friends, my warmest thanks. God grant that you may all escape the awful visitation which is now destroying our people.
With sentiments of the highest regard and esteem,
I am most respectfully,
Your obedient sev't,
President Common Council.
Within the last three days over 100 new cases. I am just about writing to the Mayor of Baltimore, with the request that he will try and send us medical aid, as many of our physicians are sick.I heard but little complaint in Portsmouth in relation to your quarantine regulations. Our people here condemn in the strongest manner a piece which appeared in the Richmond Whig, over the signature of "A Citizen of Norfolk," W. W.
Correspondence of the Dispatch.
The Norfolk and Portsmouth Sufferers.
Baltimore, Aug. 21.
The subscriptions for the relief of the Norfolk and Portsmouth sufferers still continue, and all so far as received by the treasurer, W. H. Brune, amount to $9,913. The Israelites of the city generously held a meeting and subscribed $331.12. The benefit at the Holiday Street Theatre, at which Mr. and Mrs. Charles Howard appeared, realized $275.72.
EXODUS.–A correspondent of the Christian Advocate, writing from Norfolk, says: "On one side of one square, in this city, I saw a large family of children, some grown, leave a dwelling, and their father and mother behind; next to that, a family leaving two sons; next, a whole family; next to that, a family which left the evening before; next, a family; next, a husband, wife, wife's sister and his child, leaving behind a mother and father: the mother, as they moved off, lifted up her eyes, and in very anguish threw her hands together, and soon we heard she was sick, no doubt from grief.
LATEST MAIL NEWS.
Progress of the Fever in Norfolk and Portsmouth.
We are under obligations to Mr. J. H. Lewellyn, of the steamer Curtis Peck, which arrived yesterday afternoon, for a copy of the Norfolk Herald, from which we learn that the fever is on the increase, in that city. The deaths for the twenty-four hours ending on Tuesday afternoon at 2 o'clock, are within six of the number which we reported for the forty-eight hours ending Monday afternoon.
The following is the report for the twenty-four hours ending Tuesday 2 P.M.:
Mrs. Murphy, aged 35, Church, near Main street; Mr. O'Rourk, 50, Allyntown; Colored boy at E. T. Summers, 12; John Christian, 24, Allyntown; Dick Mullet, 45, Metcalf's Lane; ____ Greenwood, age _8, Reid's Lane; Negro man (Jack) Church street, owned by Mrs. Good; Miss Adele Le Page, 30, Main street; Horatio Moore, 54, Fen Church st.; Miss Ruffin, Main street, aged 60; Negro man, 25, at Dr. Cooke's; Mrs. Copes, from Portsmouth, 59, East Water street; Negro man at John Gibbs', Williamson's Lane.
The Herald has the following news from Portsmouth:
Capt. G. Chambers and his son are both very ill. Dr. Maupin is better. Dr. Schoolfield is getting well; his lady is ill. Patrick Williams is dead.– Mr. Ashton is dead. Several of Joseph Billisoly's family sick, but most of them are doing well.
The disease seems to yield more readily to medical treatment, but there is but slight, if any, abatement of it.
We want medical aid, there being but five physicians able to do duty. Dr. Lovett is, I believe, getting better.
Among the deaths in Norfolk is that of Miss Caroline Ruffin, aged 60 years.
The town of Hampton has removed its strict quarantine regulations, and now only require, like Richmond, a "clean bill of health."
The Herald in announcing that it will be forced to discontinue publication, says:–"Some of our hands have retired believing their lives to be in danger, while others who remained at their post have been stricken down by disease. We have not one word of complaint to make against those who have consulted their own safety. Self-preservation in the hour of danger, and there is danger, is a strong impulse of our nature, and not to be disregarded. And we would not have urged any one of them to remain one moment longer than they felt assured of their safety in so doing."
The announcement of the discontinuance of strict quarantine, in the cities which have heretofore cut them off, has created much joy among the citizens of Norfolk.
Capt. R. W. Bowden is recovering, T. Jennings is dead; also Miss Allmand.
Solomon Cherry, J. D. Thurston, Dr. Geo. Drummond, E. Guy, Captain of the Watch, Rob't Rhea, T. J. Corprew, Captain Halsey, Dr. Todd, and Jim Barber, (colored) and son, are all sick with the fever.
Among the dead at Norfolk, are said to be Miss Christian, D. F. Keeling's child, George Summers' child, and two colored servants at Cain's hotel.
The Beacon, of yesterday has the following items:
Yesterday, Dr. Louis Martin y de Castro, of Cuba, arrived in this city, and tendered his services to the Howard Association, who promptly accepted them and made the Dr. their guest, as was also done in the case of Dr. Freeman of Philadelphia. Dr. De Castro comes with the highest recommendations, and is endorsed by the chairman of the Relief committee, of Philadelphia.
The Rev. T. G. Keen, of the Baptist Church, arrived here from Petersburg on Monday in the cars, and took lodging at the National Hotel. Mr. K. lived in Mobile during the yellow fever epidemic of 1853, and became acclimated by having the fever.
The Howard Association acknowledge the receipt yesterday of $2,500 from New York, through James T. Soutter; $600 from Philadelphia; $10 from W. B. Brown, Columbus, Ohio; $100 from W. E. Taylor, of this city; $5 from G. A. Fauquier, of New York; 2 bbls. wine biscuit from Baltimore; $24 from H. Z. Shields, Newport, R. I.; $30 from J. Vickery of this city; $10 from F. Faber, of New York; $20 from James D. Dameron, New York; $10 from Capt. Carpenter, of this city. P. Malcolm & Co., Baltimore have sent a liberal supply of meal; Anonymous, $20; Willard & Brother, Washington, $20; Wingfried, $200; Mosdey, $100, [$400 have been received in all from Washington, and $1,800 from Philadelphia.]
The Howard Association, in order to avoid imposition, which is already beginning to be practiced extensively, have requested all responsible citizens, who know of cases of distress, to send a certificate by the applicants that they are deserving.
A large number of colored persons have been attacked with the prevailing disease, and the Howard Association have found it necessary to establish a hospital for their accommodation.
Speaking of the panic, the Argus says: It is to be regretted that so many of our people should have left town, and thus by their flight added to the fears of those that remain. Portions of some streets are quite deserted–houses closed, no one to be seen, and all around is silence, solitude and gloom. The panic has surpassed everything of the kind heretofore, and it is not for us to call in question, nor do we, the extreme caution of those who have sought, for the time being, another, and we hope a more salubrious clime.
A correspondent of the Argus uses the following language:"I have heard but one opinion expressed, and that is that under no circumstances should the Howard Association consent to receive one dollar from Petersburg or Richmond, but send it back to the precincts from which it may come. Relief enough from Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York will be received without it, should a deficiency occur from the contributions of our people. We ask not, nor will we receive such sympathy from such narrow-hearted and unchristian Virginians."
It is proper to say that the writer dates his letter from Hampton, where there is neither disease, starvation or danger.
The same writer learns that the owners of the steamer Coffee intend suing the commandant at Old Point fro $10,000 damage for preventing the landing of her passengers there.
The Herald of Tuesday says: A severe thunder storm on Friday evening, followed by heavy rains during the night and the afternoon of Saturday, has caused a remarkable change from the previously excessive hot weather to an unusually cool temperature. The change appears to have been unfavorable to the sick, and the number of deaths since the change of weather has considerably increased; though as far as we have ascertained there has been no increase of sickness.
The disease, it will be seen by our obituary record, is embracing a wider field than heretofore, and some of our most estimable citizens are falling victims to it. Six families in Fen-church, between Holt and Main streets, have been visited by it, and in one of them, the destroyer has claimed his victim, Mrs. J. G. H. Hatton.
The same paper thus alludes to the death of a prominent citizen there, before published:
"It is with a heavy heart that we record the death of our esteemed and respected fellow-citizen, Mr. R. C. Barclay, who fell a martyr to the prevailing epidemic on Saturday night, after an illness of five days. In his death our community has lost a valuable member; his grief-stricken wife a most affectionate husband, to whom she was passionately attached, and his numerous circle of friends, an associate endeared to their hearts by the strongest ties of social attachment.
The Mayor of Norfolk has appealed for medical aid to Baltimore. We hear of two medical gentlemen of this city who contemplate visiting the infected cities, to allay the suffering of the fever stricken. Rev. Mr. Teeling of the Catholic Church here, was, we learn, to leave for Norfolk this morning. In Portsmouth there are but two physicians on duty–Drs. Trugien and Hatton–the others being down with the fever. Both are young but skillful physicians.
The Curtis Peck, which arrived yesterday afternoon, did not bring a single passenger from Norfolk direct. One got on board there, but got off at Sandy Point. This was caused probably by the fact not being generally known.
For an appalling account of the effect of the fever in Portsmouth, our readers are referred to our telegraph column.
In Norfolk they are chiefly in want of oranges, lemons, soap and candles. The entire contributions so far for the sufferers, from all the cities, amounts to $31,000.TELEGRAPHIC NEWS.APPALLING ACCOUNTS FROM PORTSMOUTH.
PETERSBURG, Aug. 22.–The accounts received here from Portsmouth are truly appalling. Dr. Trugien writes that he, yesterday, saw and prescribed for one hundred patients. In many instances, whole families are lying ill, without the means of getting a drop of water to cool their parched tongues.
Physicians and nurses are much wanted, and their absence is proving terribly fatal.Capt. Geo. Chambers, Patrick Williams, and Newton Ashton–all prominent citizens–are dead, and more are dying.
FROM NORFOLK AND PORTSMOUTH.–A writer from Norfolk, in the Petersburg Express, under date of the 21st, says he understands Rev. Thomas Hume is sick.
He says: "Portsmouth presents truly a gloomy and desolate appearance. Nearly all the stores are closed, and the streets are much more quiet than on Sunday. Norfolk is equally sad and gloomy. Nearly every store is closed, and the entire city given up to the spreadings of the disease and death.–There have been within the last twenty-four hours about twelve deaths.
I regret to learn that the fever is on the increase among the better class of population. The number of deaths nor the number of cases, are not so great as I have before seen in proportion to the population; but the gloominess is much more. The desolation exceeds all I have been led to expect even from the melancholy accounts in the papers. I can only account for it in this way. The Yellow Fever here is not an acclimating disease, and, therefore, every one is afraid of it. In such a city as Mobile, there are always a large number of persons who have had the disease, and do not fear a recurrence–hence, there is a degree of confidence and cheerfulness felt and diffused.–There, too, they are always supplied with an adequate number of competent nurses, who fully understand their business, while here there is not. Could a few dozen nurses be obtained from Mobile or New Orleans, they would be of incalculable service.
Dr. Samuel Stone, of New Orleans, has gone North. He pronounces the fever here of the same type as that which raged so terribly at New Orleans during the summer of 1853. I regret he could not have remained longer.
There are several cases in the house at which I am now staying, some of which I shall see before retiring. The disease, I am pleased to hear, yields more readily to remedial agencies than at first.
What will be my future course here, I cannot now determine. If I ascertain I can be of any service, I shall remain. In the morning I go over to Portsmouth, as I understand some of my friends there are sick.
I learn from the physicians here, that nearly 90 per cent. recover–that is, out of every 60 or 70 cases, not more than 15 or 20 die.–This is certainly small mortality, and I understand Dr. Stone pronounces "the fever comparatively mild. There is surely every reason for encouragement. The physicians have evidently now got the master of the disease, so far as we can apply this to any human instrumentality. I certainly anticipate an abatement of the epidemic soon."
The writer of the above, as we infer from the initial signature, is Rev. Thos. G. Keen, formerly of Mobile, and now a Baptist pastor in Petersburg. He has seen much of the fever and became acclimated in Mobile.
The following letter is from Dr. Trugien, of Portsmouth, and appeals strongly to the medical faculty:
It is now nine o'clock, P. M., and I have just got back to my office, after being incessantly engaged since five o'clock this morning. I have seen and prescribed for over 100 patients today, and every moment new calls are made upon me, and the most urgent entreaties used to induce me to see a father, mother, brother, or other friend. But I can go no further. I am completely exhausted, and must have a little rest to enable me to resume the duties of the morrow, if perchance, I am myself spared in health.
I am no alarmist, and have no disposition to exaggerate, and certainly no wish to harrow the feelings of any one by the recital of scenes of distress; but it would sicken any one to know what is now transpiring in our town. Whole families are down without the ability in many cases to procure a drop of water to cool their fevered lips. Alas! alas! for poor Portsmouth. Oh! God how long!
I wrote you yesterday a note designed for publication, beseeching medical aid. I know it must require an amount of courage possessed by but few, to venture thus seemingly into the jaws of death to rescue others. But is there no devoted man–no gallant soul–who will say I will go?–Two or three physicians, I see, have volunteered for Norfolk, where the medical corps is larger than in this place. Shall poor stricken Portsmouth be left to her fate. Forbid it heaven–forbid it humanity? 'Tis a Macedonian cry, "Come over and help us!"
Capt. George Chambers, for many years connected with the Ferry Boat between this place and Norfolk, and Mr. Patrick Williams, both prominent and well-known citizens, died today. Mr. Newton Ashton, for a long time of the Treasury Department at Washington, died at the Naval Hospital last night. I have several patients who will die tonight–they can't survive until morning. The terrible vomito has presented itself in their cases, and they are doomed.
A letter from Norfolk gives the following cases of fever:
Among the new cases in Portsmouth are those of Dr. Maupin, and Rev. Mr. Devlin, a Catholic priest. Deaths in Portsmouth–Stephen Jones, of (paralysis,) a soldier of the war of 1812. Of the fever–a lady from New York, residing in Mr. Covert's family, name unknown.
Nearly all of Capt. Guy's family are down.
Wm. Insel, Solomon Cherry, and Wm. C. Whitehead, died at Walter's Hotel, Norfolk. The infection is fast spreading over hitherto healthy parts of the city.
Horatio Moore is dead. Thomas T. Jennings, of Norfolk, of the firm of G. W. Farrant & Co., is dead; also, Mrs. J. G. H. Haton.
John Shipp, also of the house of Farrant & Co., is down.
Mr. Briggs, who left Washington a few days since, unsolicited and at his own expense, has entered upon his duties as nurse. His stout heart almost fails at the desolation around him.
Correspondence of the Dispatch.
Norfolk and Portsmouth Sufferers.
Philadelphia, Aug. 22d.
The Committee having charge of the fund raised in this city for the relief of the sufferers by the fever at Norfolk and Portsmouth have received letters from the Mayor of Portsmouth and the Secretary of the Howard Association of Norfolk, acknowledging the receipt of remittances from this city, and returning thanks, &c. The Block Committees making collections have been increased. The Committee states that doctors or nurses proficient in the treatment of yellow fever, and who may volunteer to go to the relief of the afflicted cities, will be furnished with traveling expenses and letters of introduction to the public functions upon application to the Chairman.
August 22, 1855.
Dr. C. C. Schell of this city has offered his services to go to the relief of the sufferers in Norfolk.
LATEST MAIL NEWS
Progress of the Fever in Norfolk and Portsmouth,
from Norfolk, Aug. 22, 1855.
Our ill-fated, fever stricken city, presents an appearance of gloom just now, mournful to behold, and most painful to the feelings. Two-thirds of the white population have fled, nearly all the stores are closed, and the stillness of death rests over the heretofore cheerful streets. The physician, the druggist, and the undertaker, are the only professional persons now kept busily employed; and the plentiful harvest they are reaping seems to increase rather than diminish. Through the day the solitary hearse, unfollowed by mourners or minister, may be seen driving at a rapid rate to the various cemeteries, depositing their loads of mortality, and returning as rapidly, to carry out others. It is evident to every one that the disease is fearfully on the increase; until lately it was hoped that it would confine its ravages to Water and Main streets, and not extend north of the latter, but the last few days has dispelled this illusion, and the atmosphere, no doubt, is impregnated in a greater or less degree, with the subtle and fatal miasma throughout the entire city. Cases have occurred on James street, the extreme limit of the city, north, in which the patients have not left their neighborhood and houses, even for weeks preceding the attack. Truth compels us to say, from private observation, that no part of Norfolk is now free from the infection, and that danger lurks everywhere within its borders. This will be sad news to our friends abroad, but the truth should be told, and as faithful chroniclers we intend to narrate the truth, and nothing more nor less. The public look for it, both abroad and at home. The papers here, and the people, have been down upon your city for the strict quarantine laws issued against the citizens of Norfolk and the inhospitable treatment they have received at your hands in the midst of their affliction. But we are pleased to believe that the treatment, cruel and unjust as it undoubtedly was, was occasioned by the same panic that influenced our absentees in making such a hasty and early stampede; many of them, we are sorry to say, abandoning their husbands, brothers and children, and in their headlong flight inoculating, (if we may so call it,) every place through which they passed with the same fearful, yet puerile panic.
Under these circumstances, what more could we expect from strangers, when our own people deserted their homes, carrying with them such exaggerated and dreadful stories? It gives us pleasure to see, now that the fright has passed, that Richmond has resumed her wonted sound judgment and charity, and abolished her ridiculous and useless quarantine regulations against us, who have enough misery to endure, without being cut off from the "rest of mankind." In the midst of our distress–the sick, the dying, and the dead, and the cowardly desertion of many of our most prominent citizens, it is gratifying to announce the noble conduct of a few choice spirits, who, without regard to self, have been unwearied in their attention to the sick and suffering. Among these, first and foremost, stands our worthy Mayor, Hunter Woodis, Esq., who has exposed himself in the faithful discharge of his duty, to the infection, from the commencement of the disease, and has won for himself a place in the hearts of the people of Norfolk that will not be soon eradicated. Among the physicians, honorable mention should be made of Drs. Upshur, Higgins, Tunstall, Granier, Wright, Freeman, Moore, Stone, and Thos. C. Constable, who was on a visit to the Springs when the disease broke out, and, to his credit be it said, returned to his post of disease and danger. In contrast to this noble conduct, we have to record the absence of Drs. Balfour and Fitz Gibbons, who left the city after the disease commenced. High praise should also be accorded to our Clergy, who have acquitted themselves like Christian Ministers of God in these trying times.
We record the names of Rev. Messrs. Armstrong of the Presbyterian Church, Jackson of St. Paul's Protestant, Walke of Christ Church, do., Wills and Dibrell of the Methodist, and the Pastor of the Chrian denomination. The praise of Mr. O'Keefe, the Catholic Pastor of St. Patrick's Church is on the lips of every one. Protestants as well as Catholics join together in paying deserved tribute to his untiring exertions in nursing and attending to the wants of the sick and dying, of every class and persuasion.–The Minister of the Free Mason street Baptist Church, is the only one who has proved recreant to his duty, and unfaithful to his flock. He left the city shortly before the epidemic broke out, and has kept himself safe away ever since. As a Christian minister he should have returned immediately to minister to the spiritual wants of his congregation, but in place, he wrote, we learn to know whether it would be safe for him to return–and being advised that it would not, very prudently, but not very Samaritan like, declined venturing back. The Howard Association are receiving money and provisions constantly from different quarters, and are dispensing them with a liberal hand to the sick and needy. The following persons who have been suffering with the fever are convalescent and recovering: Mr. H. Howard, Mr. Hallett, of the firm of Dixon & Hallett, and his wife; Capt. Guy of the Police, his daughter and her three children; S. Stubbs, Esq., wife and several children; Mrs. Dr. Barraud; Mrs. A. W. Small; Mrs. Minnis; Geo. Drummond; Miss Martha Moore, daughter of Henry Moore, Esq; Mr. T. O. Young; Lt. Simms, of the Marine Corps; Mrs. N. C. Carrier; Son of J. Mehegan; Daughter of Geo. Miller.
The following were taken sick with the fever yesterday: Miss Margaret Kennedy, daughter of the late Commodore Kennedy, Cumberland st.; R. Dove, Sealer of Weights and Measures; John Baldry, plasterer; Wm. Whitehead, President of the Democratic Association; Miss Fulgham, Brewer st.; Mrs. Mitchell, Bute st.; John K. Rudder, sailmaker, and one of his apprentice boys; Mrs. James G. White, Church st. There are a great many others, but these are the only prominent ones we now know of. Altogether there are 250 cases in the city.
The following are the names of the victims for the last 48 hours; Mr. O'Rourk, Allyn Town; John Christian, Allyn Town; R. Mullett, Metcalf's Lane; Miss Adele Page, Main street; Horatio Moore, Fen Church st.; Miss Ruffin, Main street; Mrs. Copes, Water street; Mr. Greenwood, Reid's Lane; George Lee, Queen st.; son of W. Barnes, James st.; W. Steele, Bute st.; colored boy of E. T. Summers; do. of J. G. Hatton; negro man Jack, owned by Mrs. Good; negro man at Dr. Cooke's; negro man at John Gibbs'; Mr. Dumott, an English gardener, found in a dying state on some bundles of fodder, in an outhouse on Bute st., (since dead;) Mr. Tullick, shipping master, Water st.; Miss Trainer, Water st.; Jerry Vaugn, Commerce st.; Miss Camp, daughter of the late John G. Camp, Esq., E. Main st.; Capt. Job Halsey, Brewer st. This makes a total of 22, but there are altogether, including those who have been interred in Potter's Field, 30–up to 2 o'clock today.
The weather is very unfavorable, hot, sultry and showery, and calculated to increase the number of new cases.
Rev. T. G. Keen arrived here yesterday from Petersburg, to take charge for the present of the Freemason street Baptist Church, in place of the regular pastor, who can't venture among us yet awhile. Mr. Keen has had the yellow fever, and Mr. Tiberius G. Jones has not.
Dr. Louis Martin y de Castro, from Cuba, arrived yesterday, and offered his services to the Howard Association, which were accepted. Dr. Castro is very highly recommended by the authorities of Philadelphia.
I will keep you advised of our unhappy state of affairs from day to day, as long as I am able to keep up. VERDAD.
The visitors at the Red Sweet Springs held a meeting on Saturday, the 18th inst., for the purpose of raising money to assist the afflicted of Portsmouth and Norfolk.
On motion of Dr. Thomas Withers, of Petersburg, the meeting was organized by calling J. E. Scruggs, Esq., of Powhatan, to the Chair. George F. Watson, of Alabama, was requested to act as Secretary, and Reuben Ragland, of Petersburg, was appointed Treasurer.
The meeting was addressed by L. C. P. Cowper, of Portsmouth, Rev. Dr. Alexander, of New York, Dr. Shephard of Virginia, and by the Chairman and Secretary.
The following resolutions were then presented by Mr. G. F. Watson, and adopted:
1. Resolved, That a committee of five persons be appointed by the Chair to solicit contributions in aid of the suffering and sick at Portsmouth.
2. Resolved, That we deeply sympathize with the families of those who have fallen victims to the prevailing epidemic, which is now scourging the towns of Portsmouth and Norfolk, and that we tender to them our sincere condolence in their affliction and bereavement. JOHN E. SCRUGG, Chm'n. GEO. F. WATSON, Sec'y.
In accordance with the first resolution the chairman appointed the following committee: Miss Porcher, of South Carolina; Mrs. McCulloch, of Petersburg; Dr. Thos. Withers, of Petersburg; Dr. J. L. Cabell, University of Virginia, and Geo. F. Watson, of Ala.–who, in a short time, collected the sum of three hundred and twenty dollars; which, with one hundred and eighty dollars previously forwarded by the citizens of Petersburg, amounted to the sum of five hundred dollars sent from the Red Sweet Springs.
The amount was enclosed to Hunter Woodis, Esq., Mayor of Norfolk.
WE EXTRACT THE FOLLOWING from the correspondence of the Baltimore Sun:
"The number of orders issued us to this time, today, of over one hundred and will no doubt exceed that of yesterday. It is therefore fair to say that in two days there will have been upwards of 2000 persons relieved by the association. Thank God, the means are at hand, and are daily increasing.
The distress among no class of our population is greater than among the free negroes, of whom we have a large number in the city, whose usual occupations, as draymen or washerwomen and seamstresses, have been broken up by the general desertion and suspension of business. The fever, too, contrary to experience, prevails among the colored people, though not to so great an extent as among the whites. I know of a great many sick with it, and of several deaths. There are four in my own family, one convalescent, whose case was so singular that Dr. Stone, of New Orleans, was induced to visit him. He lay for four days like a man beastly drunk, unable to articulate more than a few words, and perfectly impenetrable to either persuasion or command, before yellow jack showed his colors. After that it was thirty six hours before he became conscious. When Dr. Stone saw him, he prescribed a brandy toddy, which acted like a charm, and he has been doing well ever since."
A subscription list in Charlottesville has been opened for the relief of the sufferers in Norfolk and Portsmouth, and $101 has been raised. A public meeting of the citizens is called for Saturday to further the same benevolent object.
Eight or nine nurses from Philadelphia have gone to Norfolk, and the amount of money raised for the sufferers, in that city, has reached $7,000.
Dr. Henry W. Webster and Dr. C. V. Walters, of Baltimore, have volunteered to go to the infected cities. The subscription of Baltimore amounts to $10,030.
We have been furnished with the following extract of a private letter to a gentleman of this city, from a very intelligent and reliable young gentleman, dated,
SUFFOLK, Va., Aug. 21st.
This village is filled to overflowing with refugees from Norfolk and Portsmouth. As bad as the news is which you daily see in the Norfolk and other papers, one-half has not been told. The fever is largely on the increase in both Norfolk and Portsmouth. I have just had a conversation with Mr. S., an undertaker of Portsmouth. He informed me, that, on Sunday last, he buried 8 bodies, and other undertakers buried in proportion. He represents that there were seventy new cases in those place on Sunday. T. C. W.
THE NORFOLK BOARD OF HEALTH reports the following deaths for the 24 hours, ending Wednesday at 2 P.M.
Wm. Stede, 28 years, Bute st., moved from infected district; Jere Vaughan, 39, Rothery's lane; Miss Treanor, W. Water st.; Miss Camp, Main st.; Miss Etheredge, 22, Cumberland st.; Wm. Wilder, 45 Commerce st.; colored boy, 12, at Mrs. Palmer's, Main st.; John Parker, upper Union st.; Mrs. Stewart, 60, Main st.; Miss Barnes, 8 James st.; Edmund A. James, 25, Hartshorn's Court; Mrs. Born's child, 6,–Total 12.
We are indebted to the gentlemanly clerk of the Augusta, Mr. Hill, for a Norfolk Argus of yesterday, having received none by mail. From it we extract the following items:
Fever in Portsmouth.–It is difficult to obtain a full statement of the deaths; and we regret to state that the mortality here is greater than indicated by the official report. We learn from what seems to be a most reliable source, that there were 17 burials in Portsmouth on Tuesday and 19 yesterday.
Capt. Geo. Chambers died on Tuesday at 2 o'clock, after an illness of five days. He was a most useful and highly respected citizen; and was long known as the efficient Ferry Superintendent.
Improper Burial.–We are pained to state, and on the most reliable authority, that the graves in the cemeteries are so hastily and imperfectly dug that when the coffin is placed in, the top is sometimes within a foot of the surface of the ground. Very recently, several highly respected citizens were interred in this careless and imperfect manner, and it is earnestly hoped that the proper authorities may take the matter in hand at once.
Since the above was in type, we have been informed that the evil is owing to the unusual number of deaths, the short time allowed for digging graves, and the scant force employed for the purpose.
Grave diggers are wanted, and high wages will be paid for their services.
Arrival from Richmond.–Dr. Leon Gelbardt arrived yesterday afternoon from Richmond, and immediately tendered his services to the Board of Health, which we doubt not were gratefully accepted.
The Hospital.–We speak from personal observation, when we say that the true place for those sick with the fever is the Hospital at Lambert's Point. There is pure air, no infection, prompt treatment, and kind nursing. The apartments and beds for the patients are all well arranged and cleanly, and the small number of deaths out there, (but two in the last 24 hours,) when we consider that the worst cases are often taken out there in the latest stages of the disease, in confirmation of the utility of the establishment.
We had assisted in putting a newly arrived patient to bed, and as we left him with three Sisters of Charity around him, smoothing his pillow, and administering to his comfort, and judicious medical attendance at hand, he remarked to us, with a grateful smile, "I would rather be here than anywhere else."
Universal Calamity.–We have lived but half the space allotted to a man for the period of his pilgrimage; and have traversed many a league of the surface of the habitable globe, but we have never before been eye witness to such universal calamity as is now around us.
More Hospitals.–The latest provision made by the Association is a Hospital for the colored sick. So many of that class are attacked that such a step has become necessary.
If we might venture a suggestion, might it not be well to establish another Hospital within the limits of the city, to which cases might be taken for the purpose of receiving the ministrations of nurses, clergymen, friends and others residing with the corporate circle. We fear that there is occasion from them all.
Board of Health.–The following is a list of the officers of the Howard Association:
Wm. B. Ferguson, President; James I. Bloodgood, Vice President; Robert W. Bowden, Treasurer; Jas A. Saunders, Secretary; Dulton Wheeler, Assistant do; Wm. M. Wilson, Resident Physician; W. H. Freeman, Thomas Penniston, Assistant Physicians; Robt. W. Rose, Francis L. Higgins, Geo. L. Upshur, Visiting Physicians; Wm. H. Garnett, Aug. B. Cooke, Visitors; Thos. M. Martin, Thos. H. Beveridge, Conductors; Mr. W. W. Maul, several Sisters of Charity, and Miss Lucy E. Andrews, Nurses.
We learn, in addition to what reports are given above that Dr. Higgins, a prominent physician of Norfolk, is sick, whether from the epidemic or not our informant does not state. Miss Henderson, sister of Capt. Henderson, deceased, former commander of the steamer Star, is also sick.
There are in Norfolk and Portsmouth, together, over 400 cases under treatment. In Norfolk, on Wednesday, there were 24 deaths, and in Portsmouth 20. These reports are from passengers by the boat, and are not mentioned in the Argus.
Dr. P. Gooch, of Richmond, and the Rev. Mr. Teeling, of St. Peter's Cathedral here, have arrived in Norfolk.
The steamer Sea Bird arrived here last night with 150 passengers, from Norfolk, having been chartered for the trip. About 30 arrived here by the Port Walthall route.
Yesterday was observed as a day of fasting and prayer in Petersburg, and religious service was held in the public houses of worship.
LATEST BY TELEGRAPH.
PETERSBURG, August 23.–The accounts from Portsmouth are of a most alarming character. On Tuesday there were seventeen interments, and yesterday sixteen interments. Several prominent citizens are dead and others dying. The distress is inconceivable, and physicians and nurses are in great demand. You may rely on this, as I have it from the most reliable sources.
RELIEF FOR THE SUFFERERS.
SAVANNAH, Ga., August 22.–The subscription here for the sufferers in Norfolk and Portsmouth amounts to $2,000.
DEATHS QUIET.–The Norfolk Argus of Wednesday says: "Yesterday the slow and regular strokes of the old clock far up on Freemason street, were distinctly heard at our office, not far from the river, and in the very heart of the business part of the city. The measured notes sounded strangely and sadly, and fell upon the ear like the melancholy toll of a funeral knell. This was well calculated to force a deep sigh from the heart, for it was but another evidence of the work of death that is going on in our midst. The song of the stevedore is hushed; the hammer of the artisan lies useless upon the work bench; the roar and clank of machinery are not heard; the engine-fires are extinguished; the noise and bustle of business have given place to almost a death-like silence in many part of the city.
WANT OF NURSES.
The great need which is felt at Portsmouth and Norfolk, is that of nurses for the sick. We trust that this great want may be soon supplied from our large cities, where there are no doubt numbers of capable persons, and not a few who, like the noble-minded and benevolent lady from Syracuse, N. Y., would be willing to volunteer on an errand of mercy. The account which we published a few days ago from Portsmouth, was enough to melt to compassion the hardest heart.–Whole families lying ill, without the means of getting a drop of water to cool their parched tongues!"
Correspondence of the Dispatch.
The Committee of Citizens charged with the collection and distribution of funds for the relief of the sufferers by the fever at Norfolk and Portsmouth yesterday sent off six volunteers from this city to act in the capacity of physicians and nurses. The physicians are Dr. Martin Rizer and Dr. Courtland Cole, with Thomas Craycroft, a student of medicine. There were also the following volunteers, who have had considerable experience in nursing patients with the yellow fever: Nathan Thompson, Robert H. Graham, and Henry Spriggman. The money remittances from this city in aid of the sufferers amounts to $7,000.
CHARLOTTESVILLE, Aug. 22, 1855.–Thinking you would like to hear from our town I address you a few lines. There are great crowds of Norfolk and Portsmouth citizens in our town at present. A meeting is to be held on Saturday night to raise a subscription for the sufferers by the plague. Over $100 have been sent by the exertions of the officers of the Monticello Bank.
THE CORRESPONDENT of the Baltimore Sun writes as follows, under date of Norfolk, Wednesday:
The weather today is already damp and sultry. The horizon on all sides is bordered by a heavy bank of clouds, while the face of the mid-heavens is covered with a thin stratum of dirty-looking mist, through which the sun shines with a dim and sickly light. It is calm withal, but the indications are similar to those which precede our August or September gales. I have often had occasion to notice, in times of pestilence, the peculiar appearance of the atmosphere. There is a murky glimmer in the sun's rays which is never seen in healthy seasons– something indescribable in the appearance of familiar objects, which impresses the mind with a presentment of danger lurking around. It is remarkable, too, that our regular cheerful summer visitors, the martins and swallows, always disappear with the advent of pestilence, and not one of them, or even a bird of any kind, has been seen flying about or over our city since the fever first broke out. The caged mocking and canary, however, seem as cheerful as ever, and awake the Sabbath stillness with their never-ceasing carols.
Among the sick are Miss Lizzie Taylor, daughter of the Navy Agent; Wm. C. Whitehead, Pension Clerk in the Navy Agent's office; Henry E. Lepage, Chief Clerk for Josiah Wills; Miss Caroline Almond, daughter of the late John Almond; Thomas J. Corprew; Mr. Brickhouse, Clerk for Herman & Co. Most of these reside in portions of the city where yellow fever was never before known to originate. Indeed, there is no street free from it, and it finds its victims among the rich as well as the poor–among whites as well as blacks.
A letter from Portsmouth, dated 21st, says: Out of a population of 8,000 whites we have only 1,500 remaining. At first the sickness was confined exclusively to the whites, but now there are a great many negroes sick. Many of our best citizens are sick, and five of our physicians, so that the remainder, Drs. Hodges, Bilisoly and bro., and Trugien, have more to do than they can attend to. They have all been very active and attentive, going from the beginning in the most infected localities, doing every thing that man could do to assist their fellow men.
Drs. Hodges and Trugien have been particularly attentive, and Dr. H. remarkably successful, having, I understand, lost only five cases during the epidemic.
At the Yellow Sulphur Springs in Montgomery, the visitors have contributed $200 for the relief of the sufferers. In Wheeling, a lodge of Odd Fellows has given $25. In Wilmington, N.C., $218 has been collected. In Washington $2500, of which President Pierce gave $50. $1500 will be collected in New York.
Mrs. C. S. Jones, an estimable, kind-hearted widow lady, of Washington city, volunteered her best services, without recompense, in Norfolk, either in the hospitals or families, as desired by the Howard Association, and left in the train of cars Thursday afternoon.
A singular fact is noticed to have occurred in Portsmouth, a piece of beef, suspended a few inches above the ground in the ship-yard at Portsmouth, where the Ben Franklin was discharged, turned black in a few minutes. The Franklin is the vessel which brought the yellow fever to that port.
Drs. John Morris, Charles H. Rose and Charles A. Leas, of Baltimore, volunteered to go to the infected cities, and left on Thursday evening in the steamer Louisiana. The total subscription of Baltimore is $10,200.
WE LEARN BY passengers on the "Curtis Peck," yesterday afternoon, that on the night before, Hunter Woodis, the noble Mayor of Norfolk, was laid on his bed from an attack of the fever. He was being kindly tended when our informant left.
Gideon Strange, an estimable young man living near the Academy, was down with the fever.
Our informant says that the day before he left he saw a cart in which were five coffined bodies on their way to the church yard.
LATEST MAIL NEWS.
Steamer Curtis Peck, Friday, August 24th, 1855.
Wednesday last was set apart by the churches in Hampton as a day for fasting, humiliation and prayer, in reference to the awful pestilence which is rioting in Norfolk and Portsmouth. The stores and workshops were all closed on the occasion, and the moral effect of this observance was heightened by the fact that this move (closing doors and suspending business) was made without order, request or concert. The people met at 11 o'clock in St. John's (Protestant Episcopal church) when after appropriate exercises, in which the ministers of the several churches in the town participated–a discourse was delivered by the Rector, Rev. John C. McCabe, formerly of your city–from the following text, from Isaiah and Job: "When thy judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness." "He causeth it to come whether for correction, for His land, or for mercy." A large congregation was in attendance, as there was also at night at the M. P. church, where after similar services, a sermon, appropriate to the occasion was preached by Rev. Dr. Thompson.
I regret to say there is no abatement of the fever in Norfolk, and I fear, none in Portsmouth. The Herald has suspended for want of compositors. The editor of the Argus, A. F. Leonard, Esq., is down with the fever, but it is hoped, his is a mild case. Dr. Higgins is down also, and last night, worn out with incessant, and almost herculean labors, Hunter Woodis, the noble and indefatigable Mayor of Norfolk, was put to bed with the disease.
The Custom House books and papers have been removed (last night) to Hampton from Norfolk. Mr. Insell, bookkeeper at the National, Norfolk, died night before last.–The office of the Farmers' Bank of Virginia, has been removed, and Main street looks like the vestibule to the city of the dead. God help poor Norfolk in her extremity!
Among the incidents which it gives me pleasure to chronicle, as "a good deed in a naughty world," is that Miss Eliza W. White, of Richmond, has nobly tendered her services in nursing the sick. I am told by the most reliable authority, that she is aiding in ministering to the afflicted family of ex-Mayor Stubbs, nearly all of whom are down with the fever. Miss Lucy Andrews, (of Syracuse, N. Y.,) is still engaged in her holy and noble duties, and the Sister of Charity–God bless them–are at their post.
"Oh woman! in our hours of ease,
Uncertain, coy and hard to please;
And variable as the shade
By the light quivering aspen made–
When pain and anguish wring the brow,
A ministering angel thou!"
Among the clergy who remain undaunted and undismayed, are Jackson, Walke and Smith, of the Protestant Episcopal church; Dibrell and Wills, of the Methodist Episcopal, Armstrong, of the Presbyterian; and Mc[Clelland], of the Methodist Protestant. Surely these good men will be protected and defended, and while they are going at all hours to visit the sick and bury the dead, God will keep from them "the pestilence that walk in darkness, and the destruction that wasteth at noon-day." Very truly, yours, M.
NORFOLK, Aug. 22.
The Yellow Fever continues as bad as ever–it is thought the burials will reach 22 today. It seems now that all other diseases merge into Yellow Fever. It is said 400 are down with it in Portsmouth and Gosport, and about 200 here, though the cases are more numerous now than at any other period. I am most happy to say, the disease is at last yielding to medicine, and many are recovering. When it first appeared it was almost certain death to have it. The first case occurred here about 16th of July. If the disease takes the same course here as it has in other cases, it will reach its highest point about 15th September. At its first breaking out here, our black population was almost exempt from the disease, now it seems to be leaving the whites, and is making sad ravages among our slaves.
Business is entirely suspended. J. W.
Norfolk, August 23d, 5. P.M.
The weather still continues unfavorable, hot and sultry, and there is no apparent abatement in the epidemic which marches along like a destroying army through the heart of our city. People take leave of each other in the evening, seemingly well and hearty, and in the morning one, and sometimes both are down with the fever.
The negroes having nothing else to do, (all work being suspended,) hold religious meetings at their churches every day, and the loud wailing and psalm singing [chantings] of the afflicted sons and daughters of Africa resound constantly through the air with a melancholy and solemn cadence.
As the number of cases increases towards the Northern parts of the city; a large number of families move before it like chaff before a tornado, and carts and every kind of vehicle are put in requisition to bear the frightened fugitives to the country.
The Post Office (removed to the Academy on Catharine street) has become the great centre of gathering, and here the people from various parts of town meet to compare notes, and to enquire after their different friends. It is no unusual thing, on these occasions, to hear of someone being dead and buried, who we did not know had been even unwell. Of course the reports at these meetings are sometimes exaggerated and unfounded, but in the main are generally correct.
It is the conceived opinion of many that in great epidemics, amid the distress and dread of the moment, the sick are often buried alive–and such a belief has obtained some hold here, owing to the following incident. A gentleman left for dead, revived while his measure for a coffin was being taken, and asked for a drink of water; after which he rapidly sank and shortly really expired, and his measure was resumed and finished. The same thing happened to a colored woman, and was the subject of much conversation at the time, striking terror to the hearts of many, who to the fears of death had thus presented to their imagination the greater dread of being buried alive! One of the most lamentable features of the epidemic is the foolish fear that persons have of approaching their sick friends. They will stand about in the sick chamber, if they have the hardihood to enter, with bags of camphor and assafoetida [asafetida] at their nostrils, afraid almost to go near enough to the bed to hand the sufferer a cup of water. You may tell them as often as you chose that the disease is not contagious; they will not believe you, and it is useless to talk to them. On this account nurses are very difficult to obtain, and numbers perish merely for the want of attention. Little or no law business is done here at present; the Mayor's Court is suspended and no executions are levied, or warrants issued.–The Constables, like the rest of us, have become gentlemen of melancholy leisure, and softened by the affliction around them, would scorn to distress a debtor, even at the prospect of a large per centage.
The following are some of the latest cases of fever occurring:–The wife of Joseph H. Robertson, Esq., late City register; John Capeheart and two children, Water street; Jas. A. Quick, Catharine street; Miss Gayles, removed to Mr. Day's, Cumberland street. It also becomes our painful duty to report the sickness of Dr. Francis Higgins, who was taken down with the fever last night. He is attended by Drs. Upshur and Peniston. N. C. Carrier, Inspector of Streets, was taken down very bad this morning.–His wife is recovering. Edw'd Seymour, Bute street; J. H. Hendren, Deputy Sergeant, are down. The following are the deaths from fever since my last:–Miss Etheridge, Cumberland street; Wm. Wilder, Commerce street; colored boy at Mrs. Palmer's, Main street; John Parker, Upper Union street; Mrs. Steward, 60, Main street; Miss Barnes, James street; Edmund A. James, Hartshorn's Court; Child of Mrs. Born; Robert Hurst, Cumberland street; Mrs. Bailey, bakeress, Church street; free colored man–found dead alone in his house, with black vomit issuing from his mouth and nostrils; William Insell, clerk at the National Hotel; Ned Walker, colored; James Gibbon, restaurant keeper, Union street; and about four colored persons. Total 18. The patients at the hospital at Julappi are doing well–much better than those in the city. Only two deaths have occurred up to yesterday. A hospital has been established at Lambert's Point for colored persons attacked with the fever. The epidemic seems to be no respecter of age, sex or color, and great numbers of black are falling victims to its ravages.
The Collector of Customs' Office was removed this morning to Hampton; thus, through the cowardice of Uncle Sam's favorites, placing our citizens and others who may have business with that department to the inconvenience and expense of repairing there to transact it. If our custom house officers were afraid to remain at their post and do their duty like men, why did they not resign, (which would have been the proper course,) and leave their places to be supplied by others of our citizens, fully as competent and with less pusillanimity [cowardliness], who would gladly have taken their fat berths and run the risk of "yellow fever." Such a thing as removing the Office of Customs has never occurred, or even been suggested before, in any Southern city, and the stampede reflects no credit on the "chivalry" of those concerned. There is a sprinkling of cowardly precaution about it that is absolutely contemptible.–Our people should remember them and reward them for their gallant conduct. The next move, probably, will be the Post Office and Navy Agency. Why not? To remedy the whole at once, we would suggest the propriety of transporting the city itself temporarily to Old Point, until it can be purified by the salubrious breezes of that airy locality.
Owing to the want of grave diggers, many of the graves are dug so shallow that the top of the coffins are often only a few inches from the surface of the ground. Several respectable citizens have recently been shoveled away in this hasty manner.
In Portsmouth there are 400 down with the fever, and the number of deaths yesterday amounted to nineteen. It is more malignant and fatal than ever, both there and here.
Dr. Leon Gelbardt arrived yesterday from your city, and tendered his services to the Board of Health, which were gratefully accepted. VERDAD.
WE ARE INDEBTED to the politeness of Mr. J. H. Lewellyn, of the Curtis Peck, for a copy of the Norfolk Beacon of yesterday, in advance of the mail. The number of deaths exceed by four the number reported on the day before.
The following is the report of the Norfolk Board of Health, for the twenty-four hours ending Thursday, 2 P.M.
Wm. South, Reid's lane; Indiana Scott, Church street; James Gibbons, 50, Union street; ___ Stone, 40, corner of Fenchurch and Holt streets; Caroline Huddlestone, Brewer street; William Insill, 46, at the National Hotel; Child of Jno. Visher, 8; Bartly Watts, (col'd), 60, Queen; Henry Archer, 25, corner of Bute and Duke streets; Robert Hurst, 40, Cumberland street; Edmund, (colored) at Parker's Livery Stable; Henry, colored servant at Cain's Hotel, Union street; William Christian, 14, Marsh street; John Jones, free mulatto, 25, King's lane; Mrs. Bailey, 30, Church street; Lucy Smith, 50, Addington's lane.–Total 16.
We take the following items from the Beacon:
Fever in Portsmouth.–The following note presents a most distressing picture of the condition of Portsmouth:
Supposed to be about four hundred cases in town and on increase daily. Mortality about double what it was a week since, increasing. Yesterday seventeen deaths ascertained up to tonight, and from that time to 9 o'clock this morning ten deaths. J. G. HOLLADAY.
Portsmouth, Aug. 22, 1855.
P. S.–The within includes the sick and the deaths at the hospital, and is believed to be correct.
The Portsmouth Transcript of Wednesday says:
"The disease does not seem to abate either in the number of its victims or in the virulence of its attacks. On Saturday last, and a day or two following, the temperature was most unseasonable, and there set in from the northward and eastward, a cool, disagreeable wind, which rendered winter clothing comfortable. The thermometer within doors ranges some degrees below 70 degrees. It was this sudden and continued change in our temperature here that resulted in a largely increased number of cases. Our medical attendance is becoming precarious. Already two of our most prominent physicians have been taken to the U.S. Naval Hospital–while another practitioner has been stricken down by the pestilence. But one out of the three Drug Establishments in our midst, is kept open–two having been closed, for want of some one, we presume, to attend in them–their proprietors having left town. But in the midst of all the discouragements by which we are surrounded, we are not without the sympathies of our friends–both adjacent to us and those who may be regarded as abroad. Help, substantial help, is pouring in from every quarter, in the shape of provisions and money–so that the laps of our poor and suffering of our remaining population are daily filled with the necessaries of life, by which their present existence is at least rendered comparatively comfortable.
The Transcript makes honorable mention of Col. Winchester Watts, James G. Holladay, Ex-Mayor Stoakes, James W. Matthews, and of Capt. George W. Chambers, who is dead. It says:–"Meantime the fever rages and is on the increase. With these remarks, descriptive of our town and its present condition, we are forced to close, limited as we are for aid in our office, and having been compelled to work at the press our self in throwing off the last issue. We have but one compositor remaining with us, and his name is R. B. McDonald."
The Argus denies the report that the fever resembles the vomito of the West India, in its sudden termination in death and sudden attack, and says patients live from three days to a week, and often get well.
Receipts of the Howard Association.–Under this head yesterday, an error was committed by our compositor in not acknowledging the receipt by the Howard Association of $1,400 from the Relief Committee of Philadelphia; and a large supply of provisions from the Relief Committee of Baltimore.
August 23.–$600 from Philadelphia; $100 from Charles Harris, and $30 from W. T. Hendren, of this city; E. Wood, Edenton, N.C., $25; $100 from Washington City; B. Myers, $2; Wyndham Robertson, of Richmond, $25; E. P. Nash, for visitors at Yellow Sulphur Springs, $94.12; Anonymous, $25; Cash, $5.
Commendable Offer.–We learn that the proprietor of that excellent literary, miscellaneous, and scientific weekly, the Spectator, published in Washington, has determined to give one-third of the receipts of his establishment during the present week, for the relief of the sufferers by the scourge at Norfolk and Portsmouth.
Among the obituary notices, we find the names of Ed. A. James, aged 25, formerly of Petersburg, and Capt. W. F. Tullock, shipping agent of the port of Norfolk.
Aid Arrived.–Dr. Walter, of Baltimore, arrived here yesterday, and took lodgings at the National Hotel.
Mr. J. S. Marks of New Orleans, arrived here yesterday. He is ready to render his services as a nurse or in any way he can do good.
Liberal Conduct.–Dr. Leon Gelbardt, of Richmond, has taken up his residence at Walter's Hotel, in Norfolk and taken an office with Dr. Schoolfield, in Portsmouth, where he will be glad to render any medical assistance in his power (during the prevailing epidemic) free of charge. He is provided also with proper remedies, so that the patient might lose no time for his relief, which Dr. G. will furnish gratis also. From his success in treating diseases, he feels confident to effect many cures.
Dr. Higgins.–The Beacon confirms the reported illness of Dr. Higgins, a very prominent physician, and says his labors have been exceedingly arduous. From an early hour of the morning till late at night he has been going into almost every part of the City, in the faithful and skillful discharge of his duties. Sixty or seventy patients are on his list; and depending, perhaps, too confidently upon a naturally strong and vigorous constitution, he has not spared himself by night or day. The prayers of hundred who know and appreciate his valuable services and kind heart, will ascend for his speedy restoration to health and to his important duties.
A Whole Family Down.–Profound sympathy is felt in our community for Ex-Mayor Stubbs, and his estimable family. Himself, lady, two daughters, eldest son, and two servants are all sick of the fever–a sad affliction indeed. Although he, Mrs. S. and an interesting daughter about 11 years of age, are very ill, hopes are still entertained of their recovery. The rest, we believe, are considered nearly out of danger.
We take the following items from the Beacon, of yesterday:
Arrivals from Richmond.–Doctor P. Claiborne Gooch, of Richmond, arrived here on Wednesday, and visited the sick at the City Hospital in Norfolk, Naval Hospital and Portsmouth. Dr. G. is highly distinguished in his profession, and we regret that he will be compelled to leave this morning.
Miss Elida Sypharall, from Richmond, arrived in company with Dr. Doran, the cupper and leecher. She immediately entered on her duties as nurse at Lt. Kennedy's.
Naval Hospital.–There are now 80 cases in the Hospital, of persons attached to the naval service, and a considerable number taken from Portsmouth. About 200 sick have been sent there in all. Three deaths took place on Tuesday. One of the women sick of the fever, was delivered of a child, the color of saffron. The mother died, but the child is living.
Dr. Minor and his assistants, Doctors Harrison, Steele, and Walke are indefatigable in their attending to the sick, and many valuable lives have no doubt been saved to their country and our sister town of Portsmouth.
City Hospital.–The arrangements for the accommodation of the sick have been completed at the City Hospital at Lambert's point, and they are made as comfortable as is possible under the circumstances. Dr. William M. Wilson, who has much experience in such cases, and has been to the West Indies and in California, had the hospital in his charge, and everything that skill and indefatigable attention can effect will be done for the sufferers.
LATEST BY TELEGRAPH.
PETERSBURG, Aug. 24.–Intelligence received here from Portsmouth states that Col. Winchester Watts is sick with the fever, as is Dr. Lovitt, who is very ill.
There is no abatement in the disease.
B. W. Palmer is not dead.
"The Sea Bird" is now running regularly between this city and Norfolk, so that persons who prefer taking passage on her either way, can do so. She left our wharf yesterday morning on her downward trip, but took no passengers that we are aware of. The Curtis Peck, Capt. David, and Augusta, Capt. Smith, are also making their regular trips to Old Point and Hampton. Both of them will take passengers to or from Norfolk and Portsmouth, receiving and discharging them in the Roads, where they are met by vessels from the infected cities.
PHYSICIANS FOR NORFOLK.–We learn from good authority that Drs. Thomas P. Howle, James H. T. McDowell and John T. Hargrove of this city, will take passage in the Curtis Peck this morning, for Norfolk and Portsmouth, to render such medical aid as may be in their power to the sufferers of those two towns.
NURSING THE SICK.–We understand that Mr. Henry Myers and two or three other young men of this city, have made arrangements to leave here for Norfolk on Monday or Tuesday next, where they design offering their services to Mayor Woodis as nurses to yellow fever patients. Mr. Myers will go highly recommended by physicians, and if he escapes the disease, will prove invaluable to the hospital.
Now that the quarantine has been abolished, so far as it interrupted facilities of travel between the infected district and this city, it is but just to Richmond to say that many of the censures cast upon her for the establishment of the quarantine in the first instance, were beyond measure harsh and unjust.–Having ourselves been foremost in advocating the abolition of quarantine, we are free to say, that we believe that the motives of those who established it were, in the highest degree, honorable and proper. At the time of its establishment, the belief was general that the fever was contagious, and a universal panic prevailed. Our authorities, like those of Petersburg and other towns, nay like Norfolk and Portsmouth themselves, felt bound to adopt what seemed to them the most efficient measures for the preservation of the public health. As soon as they discovered their error, the very moment they became satisfied that, consistently with duty to their own municipal household, they could remove the impediments to free intercourse between our city and the infected districts, they at one, with great unanimity, retraced their steps and flung the doors of our city wide open to the inhabitants of our unfortunate sister cities on the seaboard.
When it is remembered that Norfolk deemed it her duty to establish quarantine against Portsmouth, and Portsmouth against Norfolk; that, in fact, by a standing regulation, all vessels coming into Norfolk at any time from infected parts of the world, are subject to certain restrictions, our Council cannot surely be condemned for a measure which they honestly believed the public safety required, and which they instantly abolished when they felt that they could do so, consistently with the health of those whose interests and lives are, in a measure, entrusted to their action.
COL. WINCHESTER WATTS.
Among the gentlemen of Portsmouth who have distinguished themselves by their humanity and heroism during the prevalence of the yellow fever, Col. Winchester Watts, the President of the Portsmouth Council, stands conspicuous and pre-eminent. Although most of the members of that body have left, and he himself was urgently entreated to provide for his safety, he resolutely resisted all importunities, replying, that in his opinion, the duty devolved upon him by his official position, required him to remain at his post. He has accordingly continued regularly to assemble such members of the Council as remained in Portsmouth, and assumed the responsibility of passing such ordinances as the good of the town required, being ready to back up his action, personally and pecuniarily, in any and every way. In addition to these public duties, he has been unceasing in his ministrations to the sick, leaving his own healthy residence, which is in a portion of the town not yet visited by the fever, going about from house to house, and ministering to the sick by his generous sympathy, and by material aid from his private means. All honor to this noble gentleman, this good Samaritan, whose conduct is a model worthy of all praise and of universal imitation.
Dr. P. B. Baker, of Hanover County, left Saturday, for Norfolk and Portsmouth to offer his services to the afflicted.–He is a skillful physician.
LATEST MAIL NEWS.
Norfolk, Aug. 24th, 5 P. M.
We are sorry not to be able to note a favorable change in the weather, which continues still hot and sultry, with a tendency to increase the ravages of the epidemic. Large numbers of our citizens continue to leave the city by different conveyances, and like Portsmouth, it bids fair soon to be almost depopulated. The want of funds detains many who would otherwise leave, and on this account scores of poor wretches will be forced to remain, destined to swell the list of the fatal scourge. If a boat could be sent here to take away gratis those who are without the means to escape, a large number of worthy though humble lives would be saved, and the ends of philanthropy advanced in a way as effectual as any other that could be devised. We visited this morning Potter's field, and it was startling and melancholy to view the long rows of graves, occupying a space of ground, but recently vacant, and green with its grassy covering. Crowded mounds of dirt, freshly heaped, challenge the sight, filling the mind with solemn thoughts, and palpably attesting the swift and sure fatality of the plague, still pitilessly destroying our devoted population. We turned away sick at heart, to resume our labors in town, now little more animated, and almost as gloomy as this obscure "city of the dead."
Many of our people start daily for Richmond since the quarantine restrictions have been abolished–and by the way, we understand that the Sea Bird, Captain Rowe, has raised the price of passage to $4. This advance, in the midst of our misery and destitution, is highly mercenary and cruel, and reflects but little credit on the owners of that boat, whoever they may be. To take advantage of the helpless condition of the sick and suffering, is barbarous in the highest degree. The price for years has only been $2, and we believe the other boats only charge that now. Returns from our absentees in the country report that much sickness exists among them, the fever having attacked many since they left. Griffin Barnes is said to be dead; and in Princess Anne county Enoch Capps, Ryland Capps' child, David Whitehurst and Enoch Dawley, are down with the fever. Several negroes are also said to have died. The sick at the Julappi Hospital are improving; two deaths only have occurred since yesterday, and four are in a dying condition. There are one hundred cases under treatment, about fifty of which are convalescent.
It is with the deepest regret that we have to announce the sickness of Hunter Woodis, Esq., our worthy and indefatigable Mayor, who, after immense labor and exertions in ministering to the wants of the sick and distressed, and by his self-sacrificing conduct, endearing himself to the hearts of the people of all parties, has succumbed at last in the line of his duty, and taken to his bed sick and worn out. This sad intelligence will fill the heart of Norfolk's people abroad, likewise those at home, with universal sympathy and sorrow. We trust, however, that his sickness proceeds more from fatigue than fever; and that he will be soon up and among us again with renewed health. His loss in Norfolk's present emergency would be a public calamity of too sad a nature to be calmly contemplated. Dr. Higgins, we are gratified to state is much better; also Wm. C. Whitehead, Esq.; Dr. Tunstall's lady; ex-Mayor Stubbs, lady and two daughters and son; Wm. Dunbar; lady of Jos. H. Robinson; Miss Caroline Allmand, Duke st.; and Lewis Lapage; Frederick Roberts, of the firm of Roberts & Bro., is dying; also, Mr. Jacobs, house carpenter, Brewer st. N. C. Currier is very sick. Many negroes and obscure persons were taken down last night.–Purser DeBree's son, clerk of E. P. Tabb & Co., was seized by the fever in Baltimore, and is reported dead. Dr. Lovitt died in Portsmouth this morning.
The following are the list of deaths up to 4 P.M. today: Wm. South, Reid's lane; Indiana Scott, Church st; Mrs. Stone, corner of Church and Holt sts; Caroline Huddlestone, Brewer st; child of John Visher; Bartly Watts, colored; Henry Archer, Duke st; Edmund, colored, at Parker's livery stable; Henry, colored, at Cain's Hotel; Wm. Christian; Marsh st; John Jones, free mulatto, King's lane; Lucy Smith, Addington's lane; negro man John, servant of Mr. Taylor; Wm. Conrad; J. Mehegan, Church st; wife and child of Thomas Martin, Bank st; George Hudgins; Miss Stafford; Martha Maddox, from Ferry Point; Mary Hanner; Richard D. Cook; boy in Summers' Row; child, owned by Captain S. Watts; negro man owned by Rich'd Gatewood. Total 25. VERDAD.
WE ARE INDEBTED to Mr. Hill, of the steamer Augusta, for Norfolk papers of Saturday. He informs us that the mortality as reported by the press is too small, and states that the number of deaths in Norfolk for the twenty-four hours ending Friday 2 P.M., were 20 and for the same time in Portsmouth 21.
The Board of Health in Norfolk reports the following deaths for the twenty-four hours ending Friday, 2 P.M.
Child of William C. Barnes, aged 8, James street; Job Halsey, 50 Charlotte street; John Martin, 13, Bank street; Mrs. Thomas M. Martin, 35, Bank street; Mr. McLane, of Baltimore, 41, Commerce street; George Higgins, 28, Main street; John Conrade, 35, Allyntown; John Mehegan, 16, Church street; Miss V. Stallins, 38, Guy's Jail, Mark Mattacks, 25, Ferry Point; slave of William Taylor (John) 26, Mariner street; Mary Welsh, 6, Dodd's Lane; Mary Hagwood, 7, Wide Water street; Samuel Cooke, 24, North Church street; George North, 26, Main street; Susan, slave of R. Gatewood, 60, Church street–Total 16.
Died in the Hospital last night, Mrs. John A. Hall, daughter of E. Guy, Captain of the Watch, aged 34.
There are at least 500 cases in the city. 220 prescriptions were put up at the Dispensary on Thursday, and there are five other apothecaries doing a large business.
The Beacon learns that Dr. Higgins is better.
We take the following items from the Beacon of Saturday:
Arrival of Aid.– C. S. Jones, of Washington, has also arrived and entered the hospital at Norfolk.
Dr. Thompson, Dr. Morris and Dr. Fliess, of Baltimore, Drs. Craycroft, and Nathan Thompson, of Philadelphia, R. H. Graham, Baltimore, arrived here yesterday, and took lodgings at the National Hotel.
Relief for the Sick.–The Howard Association acknowledge the receipt of the following contributions:
From the citizens of Fredericksburg, through Mayor Woodis, $348.13; from the visitors at the Red Sweet Springs, Alleghany county, $320 (half for Portsmouth;) from the Young Men's Benevolent Association of Savannah, $500.
In the Argus we find the following:
The Fever in the Two Towns.–Sad to say, the work of death goes on fearfully and increasingly! We know of no parallel to the malignity of the terrible scourge that is leveling down the powerful as well as the weak, throwing out the fairest and the strongest of the remaining families in our two awfully afflicted towns. It is heart-rending to contemplate, and why should we attempt to conceal the fact? In our city, yesterday, there were nearly twenty burials. There are now about five hundred cases under treatment. In Portsmouth there are no less than four hundred sick, and for twenty-four hours ending at 5 P.M., sixteen burials! On Thursday there were nine burials in Portsmouth. The sufferings and grief of the people are beyond the power of language to describe.
Mayor Woodis.–The illness of this vigilant, faithful and energetic officer has deepened the gloom that hangs over the city. After most extraordinary exertions in behalf of the sick, the suffering and the dying, he, too, has been seized with the fever. It is most earnestly hoped that his valuable life may be spared.
Another Physician Dead.–We regret to announce the death of Dr. Lovett, of Portsmouth. Dr. Trugien, we learn, is quite ill.
Appealing for Aid.–The Howard Association here writes to Charleston and Savannah for physicians and nurses and to the former city for an operator for the telegraph office here.
Syracuse, N.Y.–Generous offers have been made by persons in this City to come and attend the sick.
Offers of Assistance.–Offers of assistance are daily pouring in from all quarters. In a few days there will be a regularly organized body of excellent nurses.
Nurses from New Orleans.–The Virginians residing in New Orleans have resolved to raise a subscription to defray the expenses attending the sending of ten experienced nurses to Norfolk and Portsmouth. The nurses left, as announced by telegraph, on Friday.
Arrivals from Richmond.–Drs. Howle, Hargrove and McDowell have arrived from Richmond, and Mr. Henry Myers, an experienced nurse from the Richmond Hospital, is expected Tuesday evening.
Aid and Prayer.–The subscription in Alexandria has reached $400. The Baptist Association there have taken steps to aid the sufferers, and held a meeting Saturday morning to effect that object. The affliction in Norfolk and Portsmouth was made the subject of prayer to the Almighty.
Howard Association.–The following additions have been made to the Howard Association, which is now fully organized: Dr. De Castro, assistant physician; J. A. Kirkpatrick, W. A. Graves, A. Dorney, Richard Gatewood, jr., and Marshall Ott, receivers of provision orders; Capt. Boyd H. Dodds, Caroline Hinson, P. Handy, A. Baum, E. Tremayne, C. Weaver, Margaret A. Stewart, Caroline Henderson, David Swindle, R. Brumley and six Sisters of Charity, nurses; Wm. Hinchman, driver of provision wagon; John Cavanaugh, captain of sick lighter; ___ Trainer, waterman at hospital; W. D. Seymour, E. and J. Delany, R. R. Woodward, J. K. Hodges, Elliott Wm. Tyler, keepers of provision stores.
The Howard Association of Norfolk acknowledge the receipt from P. C. Cook of $80, contributed by the visitors at Alleghany Springs; of $1400 from relief committee of Baltimore; of $300 through Chubb & Brothers, of Washington; of $153.75 through Maj. J. G. Martin, from the officers at Old Point; of $60 from Fitzhugh Coyle, of Washington and of $75 from the officers of the steamship Roanoke.
We learn by passengers on the steamer Curtis Peck that the case of Mr. Edmund A. James, formerly of Petersburg, was one of the worse cases of yellow fever that has occurred. The fever was not broken from the time he was taken until death relieved his sufferings. Messrs. Thomas Corprew and George Drummond are getting better. Ex-Mayor Stubbs lost one of his children, and there are still five in the family down with the fever. Hunter Woodis, Mayor, was ill Friday evening and (our informant says) was not expected to live. Another son of Purser DeBree is ill in Baltimore.
The fever was spreading rapidly on Selden's Point, Norfolk.
Rev. Jos. Aschewandon, of Trinity Church, Georgetown, D.C., left on Friday for the infected cities.
The officers and crew of the U.S. steamer Hetzel have subscribed $200 for the relief of the sufferers.
The subscriptions in favor of Norfolk and Portsmouth so far are–Baltimore $10,278, New York $7000, Philadelphia $9000, Richmond $4500, Petersburg $3000, Fredericksburg $700, Savannah $2500, Norfolk $5000, Washington $2500, Lynchburg $1200, other sources $6000. Total, including money in individual subscriptions not included, about $50,000.
The Lynchburg Virginia publishes a letter received from a clergyman in Norfolk, dated August 21st, in which he says:
Last Friday, Saturday and Sunday there were 40 odd interments–in many instances they are under ground within an hour and a half after death, preparation being made beforehand. Decomposition commences so soon they can't be kept out of ground but a few hours. From six to eight pass my boarding-house every day to the home of the dead–in two instances I saw one hearse with two corpses passing by. The streets are well nigh deserted–nearly all the stores are closed–no boarding-house nor hotel is open in Portsmouth, and but one in Norfolk; and from that one thirteen cases of fever were reported Sunday morning. Every other dwelling-house in this place seems to be deserted. About 27 families have fled from my congregation, leaving me on Sunday morning from 100 to 120 to preach to.
Rev. Mr. Woodley, of Washington, has left for Portsmouth.
Among the dead in Norfolk are George Worth, J. Cook, Mark Mattucks, Thos. Martin and wife, and Mr. McLane, of Baltimore.
The articles wanted in Norfolk and Portsmouth, more than any other, are lemons and beds. Donations of such will be thankfully received.
Correspondences of the Dispatch.
Baltimore, Aug. 25
The steamer Georgia arrived here from Norfolk yesterday evening with only 50 passengers from the infected district. The Board of Health here find that they cannot procure nurses at less than $10 per day.
Mrs. Wilson of this city, has left for Norfolk and Portsmouth, to aid in nursing the sick.
Philadelphia, Aug. 26.
An adjourned meeting of the Committee was held yesterday afternoon, in the Board of Trade room.–The Chairman, Mr. Thos. Webster, Jr., reported that he had accepted the services and sent on four physicians and seven nurses to Norfolk, and five physicians and five nurses to Portsmouth. Four of the nurses were females. There are several more volunteer as physicians and nurses. He also reported that he had remitted $2000 since last report, making a total of $9000 sent on by him, and had expended in addition, for traveling expenses, &c., of physicians and nurses $216. The amount of contributions received thus far, is $9,881.25. The workmen of our Navy Yard yesterday contributed $2,300 for the relief of the Norfolk sufferers. The Relief committee today forwarded another thousand dollars together with several cases of medicines and fifty boxes of lemons. The following persons have volunteered their professional services to relieve the sick, under the disposal of the "Howard Association," and have been furnished with letters of introduction, and proceeded on their errand: Mrs. Ann McCaust, nurse; Dr. James McFadden; Dr. Augustus A. Zeiglefuss; Mrs. Caroline Barnett, nurse; Wm. H. Norton, nurse; George Rankin, nurse; Dr. F. Mierson.
The Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad Company have passed over their road free the physicians, nurses, &c., that have volunteered, or may, to visit Norfolk during the prevalence of the epidemic there, and have also made a donation of $100 in aid of the sufferers.
THE FEVER AT NORFOLK AND PORTSMOUTH.–In Portsmouth there is no abatement of the yellow fever, and Mr. Stoakes, an undertaker, estimates that there must be at least 500 cases there. Dr. J. W. H. Trugien went to the Hospital Friday evening as a patient. Dr. Schoolfield was discharged from the same institution on the same day, and has again begun nursing and prescribing for the sick. Mr. John G. Holladay is also up again, going his rounds among the sick. John Collins, Dr. Maupin, and Winchester Watts, are convalescent. Among those taken down are George Chambers, son of Capt. Chambers, who died last week, Wilson Williams and Mr. Boutwell. A later account says that Mr. J. G. Holladay has again become a patient in the Hospital, and Dr. Maupin is dying. Among the names of the dead we find the following:–Mrs. Avery Williams, Miss E. Boutwell, Mrs. Carl Reynolds. The entire family of Mr. Hoffman, Mr. Forrest and his wife, the family of Mr. Thomson, are down with the fever. A letter writer says that in two days he saw but one female in the street of Portsmouth.
Among the sick in Norfolk are the names of Lt. Branham of the Norfolk Blues, and J. Marsden Smith. Capt. J. Bunting, Grain Measurer, and the eldest son of ex-Mayor Stubbs are dead.
NURSES FOR THE SICK.–Messrs. John ____ and James K. May of this city, will leave this morning for Norfolk, where they design offering their services to the authorities of that city as nurses for those suffering from yellow fever. These gentlemen take with them a letter of recommendation from the Mayor of Richmond to Mayor Woodis, under whose control they desire to place themselves at once.
Dr. N. J. Crow and Mr. Samuel Huffman also leave here this morning for Norfolk.
Correspondence of the Dispatch.
DEATH OF MAYOR WOODIS.
Norfolk, Aug. 26.
I learned this morning of the death of our estimable Mayor, Hunter Woodis, who died about 10 o'clock, this morning, of the prevailing epidemic. For fear you should not get the paper specially enveloped for you, I enclose a slip. The following is the notice:
"It is our melancholy duty to announce the death of this more estimable citizen and valuable officer. But a few days since, he was in the active discharge of his duties, in the arduous performance of which he was seized with the prevailing epidemic. Our people could illy spare at any time the services of Hunter Woodis, but now our devoted city sustains the loss of one whose place can never be supplied. He died yesterday morning, calmly and without a struggle." J.H.F.
Philadelphia, Aug. 26.
Sickness in Virginia.
The Committee of Relief for the Virginia sufferers have, up to eleven o'clock, remitted ten thousand dollars. In addition to this, they have also sent on one hundred ounces of quinine, one lot of assorted drugs, and thirty boxes of lemons. Eli F. Worl, M. D., having volunteered his services, has gone to aid the sick.
Norfolk, Aug. 25, 5 P.M.
The work of death still goes on fearfully and unceasingly, and the wail of the desolate widows and orphans are heard on every side. Pen cannot describe the sufferings and grief of our plague stricken city. It must be witnessed to be felt in all its horrors. There are 600 cases in the city, diffused through all classes, but few of our prominent citizens have been attacked within the last twenty-four hours. The population of Norfolk before the epidemic was estimated at 20,000–since the great stampede the population has been thinning daily by desertion and death and it is not thought that we have now more than 6000, whites, negroes, and all. Out of this number the deaths have averaged for a week past 20 a day, which is a mortality infinitely worse than the worse seasons of New Orleans, taking into consideration the difference of population. It gives me much pleasure to state that Mayor Woodis is much better today. May he speedily recover!
The fever in Portsmouth continues with unabated ravages. 500 cases under treatment. Many of the physicians are sick; Dr. Trugien is said to be very ill, and not expected to live. There are over 100 cases at the Julappi Hospital; yesterday 14 patients were taken there, and today 11. The following is a list of deaths in this city up to this date: Mr. McLane, (of Baltimore,) Commerce st.; Geo. Higgins, Main st.; Miss V. Stallings, Guy's Jail; Mark Mattocks, Mary Welsh, Dodd's Lane; Mary Haywood, Water st.; Sam Cooke, Church st.; Geo. North, Main st.; Susan (slave) Church st.; Mrs. Jno. A. Hall, Julappi Hospital; Bill, (free colored), Hawk st.; Mr. Jacobs, (carpenter), Brewer st.; Mrs. Brooks, wife of Mr. Brooks, journeyman printer; Theodrick Roberts, of the firm of W. D. Roberts & Bro.; Charles De Boyce, Book Binder, Talbot st.; Mrs. Friedman; Mrs. White; Mrs. Alphones; Mrs. Wilder; Lady of Jos. H. Robertson, Esq., late City Register; total 23. Four died at Julappi today.
The following new cases are reported since last night: Miss Hawkins and young Dunbar, Church st.; Miss Walker, at B. Gatch's; Miss White, Brewer st.; Mrs. Brooks, Granby st.; Mrs. Rogers, wife of one of the firm of Briggs and Rogers; Mrs. Rogers and her son John; the eldest daughter of W. H. Smith; Mrs. Small, mother of J. R. Small. It is with sincere regret that we have to announce the illness of Dr. Thos. C. Constable, who was violently attacked last night. Dr. Constable was away when the fever broke out, but as soon as he heard of it, he boldly returned to his post; and after undergoing great exertions, has succumbed at last in the line of his duty.–We trust that he may speedily recover, but his case is considered a very bad one. There is much sickness among our absentees in various quarters; Captain Bunting, Inspector of Grain, is dead, on the Eastern shore; as also the daughter-in-law of Mr. Pilcher, a very handsome young lady, and he himself is very ill; also John B. Branham and his mother; Mrs. Graves and Mr. Wrenn, of the firm of Jenkins & Wrenn. Ex-Mayor Stubbs and family are slowly improving. Dr. Higgins is somewhat worse today. VERDAD.
Norfolk, August 26th, 4 P.M.
The number of deaths last night and today have not been as great as those previously reported, although this, we are sorry to say, shows no diminution in the progress of the epidemic. The number of new cases is the great thermometer of the disease, and they have rather increased than diminished since yesterday. We however know of but few prominent citizens who have been attacked, being mostly confined to the lower orders. As the epidemic has become universal throughout our city, and it is believed that nearly all of the inhabitants have been inoculated more or less with the malaria, our physicians have advised persons who have remained thus late not to leave the city, as experience has proved that a change of climate, water, &c., under such circumstances has frequently disposed the individual to an attack of the fever, already germinating in his system–when by remaining he might escape wholly, or with a light indisposition. Cases of this kind come to our notice daily where persons have been taken with the fever, and died hundreds of miles from home, and after an interval of two weeks since their departure. We have mentioned several cases like this kind in previous letters. Still, our terror-stricken citizens will not heed the advice, and numbers continue "on the wing" every hour.
Today, being Sabbath, divine service was held in the different churches, but they were generally very slimly attended, owing to the paucity of the religious part of the population, the most of whom, and among the number every Deacon in the Freemason st. Baptist Church, having stampeded.–Those left, the ladies particularly, are afraid of exposing themselves to the sun, and so the pews presented rather, as Shakespeare says, a "beggarly account of empty boxes." At night no service is held, on account of the deleterious effects arising from being out in the night air.
The people are down upon our Custom House, others for having so ingloriously deserted their posts, and removed the office to Hampton. Such a thing was never heard of before. Collector Sawyer fled after the fever first broke out, and his deputy, A. Jeffrey, acted, we learn, without authority from the Secretary of the Treasury.
Mayor Woodis, we are pained to announce, died this morning at 11 o'clock.
Dr. Higgins is not so well. Dr. Constable is considered worse. Mrs. Alexina Page, wife of Lieut. Page, U.S.N., is out of danger and recovering fast.
Capt. Guy was delirious yesterday, caused by the death of his daughter, Mrs. Hall. Fears are entertained that the sad event will diminish the chance of his recovery. He would be much missed in our police department, being a faithful, energetic and efficient officer. Capt. Thompson nursed Mayor Woodis with devoted attention, he was in hopes to be able to get our "model magistrate" on his feet again, if unceasing attention to his wants could possibly effect it. But, alas! the destroyer came, swiftly and severed the threads of life of our whole-souled, talented, liberal and indefatigable Mayor. Last evening Mr. Woodis was considered better, but an unfavorable change occurred during the night, and he was perfectly delirious for ten hours preceding his death. This sad event has spread a universal gloom over the city, and the countenances of every one wears a serious aspect. The funeral of Mr. Woodis took place this afternoon at four o'clock. It was attended by a large number of citizens.
Charles H. Shield, Esq., the oldest magistrate on the bench, will, it is said, by virtue of his seniority, succeed Mr. Woodis. He is not we learn in the city at present. The following are some of the latest deaths from fever: Master Strange, nephew of Professor Strange, Cumberland st.; Mr. Kirkole, (Swiss) jeweler, Main st.; Miss Maria Graves, Brewer st.; Master Lewis, son of Thomas Lewis, Main st.; negro man, Sip, belonging to W. Walker; Moses, owned by H. Robinson; Master Harris, Water st.; Mayor Woodis, Catharine st.; two negroes, hired by Salisbury; Eliza, (free girl) Main st.; white child and colored woman, Church st.; total 13.–Four or five deaths at the hospital.
Marsden Smith, Esq., was taken with the fever last night; his sister is suffering with the same disease. Edw'd A. McLane, Jno. Lappin, Warren Wing, and Dr. W. Moore, were attacked this morning. Dr. Thomas Nash has the fever, his son Dr. Herbert Nash is very ill; also, M. C. Cannon, druggist. Rich'd Bagnall's wife and Mr. Bagnall's eldest son are quite sick. Weather very hot, thermometer 95 in the shade. VERDAD.
We are indebted to Mr. J. H. Lewellyn, of the Curtis Peck, for the Norfolk Herald of yesterday, and for the sad information of the death of HUNTER WOODIS, Esq., Mayor of Norfolk, who expired on Sunday afternoon.
The Norfolk Board of Health for the twenty-four hours ending Saturday, 2 P.M., reports the following deaths:
Lucy Foreman, 93 years, Metcalf's lane; John H. Hall, 10, Water st.; Gideon A. Strange, 18, Cumberland st.; Jane Brooks, Concord st.; Miss Wieland, Main st.; Mr. Hanberry, 30, Charlotte st.; Miss Harriet Fulghan, 60, Brewer st.; Mrs. Dr. Friedman, Main st.; W. H. Lohman, 32, Church st.; Geo. Jacobs, 30, Brewer st.; Chas. DeBauer, Talbot st.; Mrs. Wm. White, Boush st.; Mr. Alphonso, Union st.; F. G. Roberts, 35, Main st.; Mr. Hentz, Ferry Point; Felix Ricks, 45, Union st.; Mrs. J. H. Robertson, 42, Boush st. Total 17.
We find the following item in the Herald:
Physicians.–Dr. James McFadden and Dr. Aug. A. Zeiglefuss, of Philadelphia, graduates of the Pennsylvania College of Medicine, arrived in the city on Saturday, and tendered their services to the Howard Association.
The Markets.–Our market is numbered among the signs of the forlorn and desolate of things our city is now realizing. A few servants with scanty supplies of cabbage, tomatoes, cornfield beans, okra and herbs are almost its only purveyors.–One or two hucksters attend but bring no fruit.–Thanks to the butchers, they continue to appear at their posts and if their supplies are scanty, they suffice for the small demand in their line–and thanks also to the few fishermen who regularly attend our wants in their line.
The City Government.–Our city may be aptly compared to a ship at sea without rudder or compass, or officers to direct and with only a few hands at the pumps to keep her from sinking and these nearly exhausted with fatigue. Such in sad and sober earnest is a similitude of its forlorn condition. The corporation is virtually dissolved and the right to conduct the city affairs seems to be already recognized in the Board of Health, the members of the Council Committees who remain in town, and the Howard Association–whose exercise of the requisite responsibilities, we feel assured, will be fully sanctioned and commended by the legitimate authorities.
Want of Nurses.–The contributions for the relief of the wants of our suffering population are coming in daily, and with a liberality worthy of all praise. Several eminent physicians have tendered their services, and are actively employed in attending the sick; and benevolent individuals from abroad are doing good service in attending and nursing the sick. Would that the number of these last was commensurate with the calls for assistance; for we hear of many valuable lives lost, which, we are convinced, could have been saved if the patient had received immediate attention on being attacked with the disease.
We take the following items from the Argus:
Fever in Portsmouth.–The deaths for the 24 hours ending Saturday, at 5 o'clock, numbered 24–an increase of 25 per cent. over the mortality of the preceding day. This may be relied on, and is appalling and thrilling indeed to reflect upon. When will the destroying agent stop its death work? When will it spend its fury? When will its desolating march terminate?
The Refugees.–A correspondent at Eastville, an Eastern shore village, informs us that there are about two hundred persons there from Norfolk and Portsmouth, and two or three hundred scattered about the county. The Court House is occupied and families are snugly quartered in the jury rooms.
Clergy and the Press.–The Argus publishes two letters from Revs. J. G. Whitfield and T. G. Jones, in which they defend themselves against an article in the Argus. The editor replies by saying: "Our article was designed to censure ALL, (whether laity of clergy) who, through a panic heightened instinct of self-preservation, may have fled from paramount duty, and it is, of course, not applicable to any who may have left for proper cause. That there is need of the services of all who can remain, in these deplorable times, is manifested by daily indications."
The following we learn from passengers by the steamer. Mrs. Eliza Jones, is down with the fever, as are also Mrs. Mallory Todd and Miss Eliza Todd, her daughter. Dr. Higgins, on Sunday, was not expected to live. Dr. Moore was also down. Mr. Frank Zanizinger is down with the fever in Baltimore. Miss Lizzie Loyall, daughter of the Navy Agent, is much better. Dr. Tunstall is also much better.
Commodore Barron, who has just recovered from a severe attack of the fever, and is in very feeble health, arrived here yesterday on the Curtis Peck, and took lodgings at the Exchange. He is on his way to the Springs.
A writer in Baltimore American complains that the contributions for Norfolk and Portsmouth are not equally divided, and urges the attention of those who receive the money and food to that fact.
THE LATEST FROM PORTSMOUTH.
Petersburg, Aug. 27.–There were 30 deaths in Portsmouth Sunday.
Dr. Maupin is out of danger. Dr. Trugien is better and will be out soon. Col. Winchester Watts is better.
L. W. Boutwell and daughter are dead. The fever is rapidly increasing.
There have been two hundred and twelve deaths in Portsmouth since the 9th of Aug.
Ten physicians have arrived there. There is great need of provisions.
THE FEVER AT NORFOLK AND PORTSMOUTH.–Among the dead at Portsmouth, not reported before, are Mrs. Sarah Potts, Mrs. Jas. A. Atkinson, Mrs. Moore (nurse,) her son, daughter, daughter-in-law and mother, Mrs. George Hope and Mrs. Mathias. The following are down with the fever: Mr. and Mrs. Jack, Mr. James A. Atkinson, Mrs. John B. Davis, John W. Collins formerly of the Crawford House. The following are convalescent: Mrs. Dr. J. N. Schoolfield and Col. Winchester Watts. Mr. Sheldon Allen, conductor on the Seaboard and Roanoke Railroad, is ill at Magnolia Springs with the fever. Charles T. Myers, John H. Myers, (his brother); Miss Betsey Herbert, Elijah Jarvis, Miss Margaret Manning, Mrs. Francis Fowler, Mrs. Howard Tatem, Samuel Brewer's child, Alice and Mr. Brewer, are also down with the fever.
A letter writer from Portsmouth says:
During the last five days the deaths have amounted to 94. On Tuesday 19, Wednesday 17, Thursday 13, Friday 21, and Saturday 24. Today (Sunday,) so far, I have heard of some ten deaths.
In burying the dead, there is very little ceremony; before the poor sufferer has breathed his last, his coffin is spoken for, and arrangements are made for his interment. Within an hour or two after the breath has left the body, it is placed in a rude-stained coffin, deposited in a hearse and driven off by a negro to the grave yard, without (in almost every instance,) a single relative or friend to see it deposited in the grave. No religious services are performed, and unhonored and unsung, and I had almost said–unwept, they are put out of your sight forever. Is not this truly melancholy!
Our Undertakers have not been able to supply the demand for coffins, and we have been compelled to ask assistance from the Navy Yard.–Every day wagon loads are sent us from there and today, though the Sabbath of our Lord, the men have been at work at this sad task.
LETTER OF REV. T. G. JONES.
Petersburg, Saturday, Aug. 25th, 1855.
Messrs Editors: I had really thought the Dispatch too respectable a journal to have admitted into its columns so personal, offensive and unjust a communication as that of your yesterday's Norfolk correspondent, "Verdad."* What a pity it is that editors should sometimes find themselves under the necessity of engaging the services of persons who are compelled, in order to attract attention to their effusions, to indulge in the most unworthy personalities!
*Note–Since writing the preceding, I have learned from the editors of the Dispatch, that "Verdad" is Mr. R. T. Halstead. I give his name, only from a sense of duty to myself–that it may be known in Norfolk who it is that has sought to disparage me.
Your correspondent, with an astonishing presumption and officiousness, assails me for recently leaving Norfolk, and not at once returning to my post. And this he does without having, apparently, any correct knowledge of the motive and circumstances which have influence me.
Excuse me for saying it, Messrs. Editors, for I think it deserves to be noticed, that the course of the press generally, so far as I have had an opportunity of observing it, (with some honorable exceptions, of which I had thought the Dispatch one) as well as that of many of their correspondents at a time like this, is, in some respects, exceedingly injudicious–not to employ a stronger term. While nothing could be wiser or better than for multitudes, able to do so, to leave a place infected with pestilence, not a few editors indiscriminately praise as saints or heros all who continue in its midst, although in many instances, ignorant of the true motives and circumstances which induce them to do so. On the other hand, with equal ignorance of motives and circumstances, they cast reproach upon all who pursue a different course. This is sometimes done, not directly, but by an indirection often stronger than directness–so contrasting the conduct of the one class with that of the other, as to do the latter, (it is to be charitably hoped, unintentionally,) great injustice.
Allow me to say, Messrs. Editors, that I would not detract, in the slightest degree, from the honor so generously bestowed on all hands, upon the noble men and women who, for the love of God and of suffering humanity, with martyr spirit, hazard life in nursing the bodies and ministering to the souls of the sick and dying, the sweet, and soothing, and sustaining consolations of religion. I would rather increase it. But I have no respect for the spirit and conduct of those who show, by vilifying their fellow-citizens abroad, that they have no true charity for those at home.
There are many causes of very different moral character and weight, which sometimes induce persons to establish themselves and remain in places scourged by infectious and malignant disease. A degrading cupidity, a mean avarice that seeks to make capital of the very calamities of men, a morbid fear of the reproaches of the inconsiderate and the uncharitable, and the desire of praise for nerve or courage, are some of them, not to name others, which will readily suggest themselves to every thinking and observant person.
But, Messrs. Editors, let me say it with emphasis, the only proper cause for standing to one's post, in times of peculiar difficulty and danger, as indeed, in all other times, is not any which I have suggested, nor any mere sense of worldly honor, but–devotion to duty, the only source and inspiration of a true courage, and a genuine practical piety.
During the whole period of my connection with the Freemason St. Baptist Church of Norfolk, I have steadily endeavored to keep sacred this principle of duty. Many tempting inducements to resign the charge of that Church have been held out to me. I have constantly resisted them all. During the prevalence of the cholera in Norfolk, several years since, I remained through it all, though one prominent pastor, in feeble health, (and whom no one, I believe, for a moment censured,) left the city and repaired to the mountains. And whenever I have temporarily relinquished my charge, as I have done every summer except the one to which I have just referred, it has been with the consent of the Church, and in some instances at the earnest persuasion of its most active and efficient members. Now, Messrs. Editors, if my own Church, noble as any other, in Norfolk or elsewhere, (if ardent and steadfast devotion to truth and principle be a test,) approved my conduct–if my own conscience, as I know, and God, as I believe, approve it, is it for your correspondent to make himself my judge, and hold me up to derision?
"The minister of the Freemason Street Baptist Church is the only one (minister) who has proved recreant," says he, "to his duty and unfaithful to his flock. He left the city shortly before the epidemic broke out, and has kept himself safe away ever since. As a Christian minister, he should have returned immediately to minister to the spiritual wants of his congregation; but in place he wrote, we learn, to know whether it would be safe for him to return; and, being advised that it would not, very prudently, but not very Samaritan like, declined venturing back."
In the above extract, Messrs. Editors, your correspondent not only displays what I think, to say the least, will be generally considered a very bad spirit, but he is guilty of three errors in point of fact. I was not the "only" minister or pastor nor the first who left. I did not leave "before" the epidemic broke out. I did not write back to know if it "would be "safe" for me to return, though I did inquire, in case I should be able and felt it my duty to return, the means or the way of doing so, while the quarantine regulations continued to be enforced.
Appealing from the decision of your correspondent, let me ask intelligent and honorable men, (who praise or censure alone I regard,) if the following statements in connection with those (when they were made, deemed sufficient,) in the letter below, do not put my recent course of conduct wholly above reproach.
Before I left Norfolk, although the fever had manifested itself several weeks earlier, not a member of our Church or congregation had taken it. The poor of the Church (those entirely dependent upon its benefactions,) had been provided for.
Before I could return, had I thought it my duty to do so, or leave my wife (for a week or ten days in a most nervous and critical condition,) the most of our church and congregation had quit the city. There were, then, but few left to whom to preach, and not all of those, as every minister knows, would, in such a time of pestilence, attend the meetings. As for funerals, in such times, if I mistake not, they are not attended for want of audiences by ministers, except by those who suppose that prayers and other services over the bodies of the dead, benefit their departed souls. To the sick and dying of fever so rapid and violent in its course, but little good could ordinarily be expected to result from religious conversation; if indeed, in the most critical cases the physicians (often, as I personally know, prohibiting it in severe attacks of other disease,) would allow such conversation at all.
In addition to the foregoing, will you do me the justice, Messrs. Editors, to publish the following letter, addressed a few days since to the editor of the Norfolk Argus, and probably published in his issue of today?
TIBERIUS GRACCHUS JONES.
Sidney, Near Richmond, Aug. 21st, 1855.
Editor of the Argus:
Dear Sir:–In looking over the Richmond Dispatch of this morning, I perceive that you have twice alluded (perhaps without mentioning their names) to "four or five ministers" of Norfolk and Portsmouth, as having "fled from the scourge" now so dreadfully afflicting those places. As one of the ministers to whom you thus call attention, I feel it due to myself and the cause with which I am particularly identified in Norfolk, to take some notice of your censure–censure which, while undeserved on my part, seems to me undiscriminating on yours.
Before impressing the readers with the notion that the ministers referred to had "fled," panic-stricken, from their posts, in shameful neglect of "their own duty," "leaving the suffering and afflicted members of their flocks in the midst of disease and death, without those words of comfort and Christian consolation which it become them especially to impart in the hour of extraordinary calamity and trial," might it not have been well for the Editor of the Argus to inquire into the circumstances under which they left? Surely he will not assume that under no circumstances, could they have been justified in leaving. If so, I think many cases might occur in which he would pray to be delivered from the application to himself of his own rule. Rev. Mr. Winston, of the Cumberland street Baptist Church, had resigned his charge before he knew of the existence of the fever in Portsmouth or Norfolk, and left ten days or a fortnight since, to enter upon important duties elsewhere. Anxious upon other grounds to remain in Norfolk, (although my own state of health always, at this season of the year, so feeble as to render relaxation from my ordinary pastoral duties important, would of itself, in the view of most persons have justified my leaving) the necessity of Mr. Winston's departure made me still more anxious to stay.
I have no fear that either my character or influence will sustain any injury among those by whom the circumstances under which I left the city are known. All the officers, and other leading members of the church of which I have charge, knowing that I deeply sympathized with our afflicted community, and earnestly desired to continue at my post, nevertheless advised me to leave–saying, indeed, that under the peculiar circumstances in which I was placed, (circumstances which I feel under no necessity of mentioning,) they considered it my duty to do so; and when I spoke of returning to Norfolk, as soon as I could, without a violation of my duty to one whose claims upon me are paramount to those of all others but God, all the deacons of the church strongly remonstrated against it.
In conclusion, Mr. Editor, while disclaiming any intention of being personally offensive to you or others, allow me to enquire if those to whom I minister, more competent than others to decide upon my ministerial character and conduct, find no fault, who else has the right? If they are satisfied, surely others, not personally concerned, have no cause to complain. Yours, &c. TIBERIUS GRACCHUS JONES.
CONTRIBUTIONS IN RICHMOND.
For the Relief of Norfolk and Portsmouth.
We have been furnished with a copy of the correspondence between Col. G. W. MUNFORD, chairman of the meeting in this city to raise funds for the relief of our fellow-citizens in Norfolk and Portsmouth, and D. D. FISKE, Mayor of Portsmouth. Col. M. remits in his letter the sum of $1273.23, stating that the sum of $3183. 09 was raised for Norfolk and Portsmouth, and that it was deemed proper by the committee having charge of the subject to divide it between the places in the proportion of three parts to Norfolk and two to Portsmouth, that approximating their respective populations. So the sum $1909.86 was sent to Norfolk, addressed to the Mayor of that city. Mr. Fiske replies in a grateful and feeling letter. No reply has been received from Norfolk, owing to the sickness and death of the lamented Mayor, Hunter Woodis, who has fallen a sacrifice to his humanity. Besides these contributions $500 previously subscribed had been sent by Mr. J. W. Randolph–making with what Col. M. remitted $3683.09. A considerable amount had been sent before either of these remittances. So that the contributions of Richmond exceed $4000. Col. Munford says the Young Men's Christian Association by their exertions raised the larger portion of the amount sent by him. The guests at the Huguenot Springs also contributed sixty dollars of the sum remitted.
LATEST MAIL NEWS.
Norfolk, 26th Aug.
I have no doubt your whole city deeply sympathize for the afflicted people of Portsmouth and Norfolk. The work of death is still going on, and the number of new cases is most awfully increasing. There are not less that 1000 persons in both towns down with the fever, and the burials in Portsmouth and Norfolk, about 35 daily, equal to 245 per week–this, considering the small population we have now, is most appalling. I, who am well and hearty, am ever sick at heart with witnessing the scenes that surround me. It is a melancholy thing to go to Portsmouth and witness some 30 or 40 little children congregated together, who within the last few days, have been made fatherless and motherless. May God bless those who have stood by those dear little ones at the hazard of their own lives. In my opinion we have seen the worst. The "plague" is now yielding more readily to treatment and many are recovering. Yours, &c., J.W.
Aug. 29th, 5 P.M.
The funeral of our lamented Mayor, was attended by a large number of citizens, filling a long line of carriages, and presenting quite an imposing procession. He was buried in the new Catholic Cemetery, about two miles from town, the Rev. Father O'Keefe, officiating on the occasion. Before his burial took place, Mr. Woodis lay in state in the drawing room of his residence, when all of our citizens who desired it, had an opportunity of taking a farewell look at the noble countenance of their beloved chief magistrate. Large numbers availed themselves of the privilege, and many tears of friendship were shed o'er his early bier.–His manly and expressive features wore an air of deep repose, as if he lay calmly sleeping, the only change in his countenance observable, being the color of his skin, which was deeply tinged with a hue as yellow as gold. Mr. Woodis was 35 years of age, and has left a widow, daughter of Henry B. Reardon, Esq., and four young children to mourn the loss of an affectionate husband and devoted father. Requiescat in pace.
We take pleasure in stating that all of the Ministers, with the exception of Rev. T. G. Jones, before mentioned, have stood nobly by their charges, and deserve well of the public for their devotion to the needy, the sick and dying. The following gentlemen compose the Board of Health: Thomas G. Broughton, John Tunis, Dr. T. F. Constable, Dr. Wm. Moore, and C. Hall. All have remained at their posts except the last named gentleman. He took out "to the other side of Jordan," some time since, in the general stampede. It is not known who will succeed Mayor Woodis. Some suppose the oldest member on the bench of Magistrates will, others that an election from among the Magistrates will be gone into by the City Council. This will be a hard matter to do at present, as only 7 out of 28 Councilmen has stood by their colors. They (the 7) are like the "last rose of summer," left forlorn and lone, "all their lovely companions have flitted and gone."
The following are the latest deaths from fever:–Lucy Foreman, John H. Hall, Mrs. Dr. V. Friedman, Mr. Hentz from Ferry Point; Felix Ricks, Miss Wieland, wife of T. Fountain Wyatt, Miss Ship, Brewer street; white child, do; son of Mrs. John J. Camp, being third one of her children who has died with the fever; Master Christian, the third of three brothers who have died, Allyntown; Mrs. Hamilton, Cumberland street. Though dying with the fever, Mrs. H. gave birth to a fine healthy child three hours before she died. Poor little innocent, in what a time of distress and death hast thou been ushered into this sorrowful world! Mr. Smith, foreman of W. Smith, baker, Bank street; colored woman, Church street; Mrs. White, Boush street; negro man, (free) Union street. Total 17.
Dr. Constable is very sick; Capt. Fatherly is dying; Edwd Seymour, late of Columbia, S. C., has the black vomit and is very low; Thomas Lewis, clothing merchant, his son and daughter, are all down, very sick; Dr. Higgins is something easier.
The following persons were taken with the fever since yesterday: Daughter of Thomas Spratt; Thomas Owens, dry goods merchant; W. Parsons, clerk; Frank Tarrant; T. B. Boothby's wife; Mrs. Frost, Charlotte st.; J. Tatam and son, Ferry Point; W. T. Dunbar, attorney at law; Rev. Mr. Dibrell of the Granby street Methodist Church; (it is hoped that this gentleman's sickness is more bilious than yellow fever;) and a large number of colored persons.
Weather very hot and showery–bad for fever. Thermometer at 90 deg. at twelve o'clock. VERDAD.
WE ARE INDEBTED TO MR. HILL, of the steamer Augusta, for a copy of the Norfolk Argus in advance of the mail. The list of deaths shows an increase in Norfolk and a marked decrease in Portsmouth.
The following are the reports of the Norfolk Board of Health, for 48 hours ending Monday, 2 P.M.
Sunday.–Sylvester C. Lewis, 17, Main st.; Thos. Norman, 20, Commerce st.; Mr. Gattiker at J. M. Freeman's, Main st.; Negro woman at R. C. Barclay's, Main st.; Mr. Harris' colored boy, 4, Water st.; Miss Mary Eliza Graves, 18, Brewer st.; Negro man belonging to Mr. Taylor, 40, James st.; Hunter Woodis, 33, Catharine st.; Negro man belonging to Mr. Bell, Avon st.;–Total 9.
Monday.–Mr. Smith, 30, Bank st.; Jno. Freeman, colored, 40, Metcalf's Lane; Negro man, 50, Freemason st.; Mrs. Sinnott, 20, Talbot st.; Edward Curtin, 23, Union st.; Rich'd Hollihan, 35, Water st.; Noonan, 15, Commerce st.; John Christian, Allyntown; Chas. A. Camp, 9, Chapel st.; Eliza Godfrey, Woodside's Lane; Negro at Mr. Jones boarding-house, Main st.; Mrs. Bixby's child, Fen-church st.; a white woman in Boush's Lane; Mr. N. Etheredge, Union st.; Mary Garret, Little Water st.; Negro of C. Bailey, Main st.; Negro of Wm. Walker, Holt st.; Mrs. J. R. Wiatt, 35, New st.–Total 17.
At the Hospital, Captain Henry Dicker, 56, John Winter, 27.–2.
We take the following items from the Argus:
Deaths in Portsmouth.–For the 24 hours ending at sunset on Sunday, 17; to sunset yesterday, only 7–a very decided decrease in the mortality.
Medical Impostors.–The Howard Association have issued the following: The public are cautioned against all doctors practicing amongst us who are not accredited by the Association and the Board of Health.
Mayor Woodis.–Night and day he was out in almost every part of the city, striving with the most determined and unyielding perseverance to alleviate the sorrow and woe of the people; to have the sick attended to or removed to the hospital, and the wants of the poor supplied. He sought out the sick, the dying and the dead. He visited the most infected districts, entered the most filthy hovels, stood at the bedside of the diseased, went in the desolate habitations of poverty and distress, and did all that man could do to lessen the force and power of the desolating scourge that is now sweeping off the citizens. But he, too, has fallen a victim, and the shaft of Death ne'ere struck a nobler mark. Deep is the pang of sorrow that now thrills the hearts of our people, whose sincerest sympathy is in full exercise for the absent family of the deceased.
Suspended Publication.–We regret to learn that the Beacon has been compelled to suspend for the present, on account of the sickness of the hands.
Minister Sick.–We learn with sorrow that Rev. Mr. Dibrell, the devoted pastor of the Granby street M. E. church, is ill with the fever. He was unceasing in his attention to the diseased and suffering.
Recovering.–Wm. C. Whitehead, Esq., the worthy President of the Democratic Association, is now sick with the fever; but we are glad to say, is considered out of danger.
More Aid.–Several physicians arrived on Saturday from Baltimore and Philadelphia, and took lodgings at the National Hotel. They will assist in attending those who are sick of the fever.
Scene of Death.–A few nights since we walked through the principal streets of our city. The moon shone with usual brightness–lighting up the deserted avenues and fashionable promenades, as if it were mocking their desolation. On one of the principal streets the windows of the second story of a house were all up; lights were burning, and nurses were busy around a bed that stood in sight; and the groans of the dying that fell upon our ear, will perhaps never be forgotten. We know from the struggle that Nature seemed to be making, that life was fast ebbing out. The sound was too heart-rending and unpleasant to bear, and we again passed on. The following morning we were informed that the struggle was over. The conflict has ended. The victims were still, breathless, dead. A fond mother and her son lay in the stirless slumber of death, side by side on the same death bed. Soon the busy, bustling undertaker was there, and then the mother and her child were hurried out to the graveyard, where they sleep together in deep sepulchral stillness. This is only one of may such scenes. But we thought it intensely solemnizing and awful.
Indisposed.–Miss Lucy Andrews was slightly indisposed, but not from the epidemic. Her contributions to the Howard fund and said to have amounted to $1000.
Subscriptions.–In Washington about $3500 have been raised for the sufferers, of which the workmen of Provost, Winter & Co., on the Capitol Extension contributed $276.
Drs. Fenner and Beard have arrived, it is stated from New Orleans.
LATEST BY TELEGRAPH.
Petersburg, August 28.–The fever in Portsmouth is thought to be abating. It is said to have broken out at the Naval Anchorage on board the U. S. ship St. Lawrence. Forty seamen are down with it.
Mayor Fiske, of Portsmouth, is down with the fever; also John Woodley, nephew of Dr. Collins.