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Freestone County, Texas
Jury Lists


Background

District courts have a Grand Jury and multiple Petit Juries. The Grand Jury does not determine guilt or innocence, but probable cause. A Petit Jury is a trial jury for both civil and criminal cases. The petit jury listens to the evidence offered during a trial and returns a verdict.

The district courts for Freestone county are the 77th (Limestone and Freestone Co.) in Groesbeck and the 87th District court (Anderson, Freestone, Leon, and Limestone Co.) based in Palestine. The 77th court has two terms (6 months) and 87th court has four terms. The respective district court judge and their court reporter traveled to the affiliated county for its term. A court room is provided by the court house.

District court picks its jury pool for a particular term. The district courts normally has a grand jury pool of sixteen (16) in February and October terms and four weeks of jury pools of petit jurors of 36 per week in every one of the terms. So this is 608 names per year. Across a decade, that is 6,080 names.

The jury pool is from people that reside in the county. The jury pool is randomly selected from the voter registration lists. Therefore, the names will be skewed to literate English-speaking white males over the age of 21 (lowered to age 18 in 1971 in the 26th Amendment) that have voted and so doing paid the poll tax. (Texas had poll taxes since 1876 till effectively the 24th Amendment in 1964). Usually in the 1920s, they list the town or mail route for the person to reduce the chance of confusion for people with common names.

The actual selected jury that presides of the cases is smaller. For example, usually only ten (10) or twelve (12) serve on the grand jury out of sixteen (16) candidates. The goal for petit juries depended on the case, but usually was twelve (12) and a couple of alternates.

The primary source of the jury lists are the original record book of the District Court of Freestone County, Texas which contains the jurors from Spring 1852 to January 1870. The secondary source is a transcription found in various Freestone Frontiers issues by the Freestone County Genealogy Society.

There are two important dates: the selection date and then the actual court date.

Jury Lists of 1850-1859

Year Transcription District Court
Spring
District Court
Fall
County Court
Early
County Court
Regular Term
Name Count Images
1851?-1852 Jury List of 1851?-1852 Mar 18 Sep 28 N/A Feb 1852? 200 N/A
1853 Jury List of 1853 Apr 5 Sep 7 N/A N/A 95 N/A
1854 Jury List of 1854 Mar 16 Aug 30 Feb 3 N/A 231 N/A
1855 Jury List of 1855 Feb 19 Aug 14 Feb 2 N/A 272 N/A
1856 Jury List of 1856 Feb 22 Aug 15 Feb ?? N/A 273 N/A
1857 Jury List of 1857 Feb 14 N/A N/A N/A 39 N/A
1858 Jury List of 1858 N/A Aug 20 N/A Aug 17 351 N/A
1859 Jury List of 1859 Mar 8 N/A N/A Jul 9 61 N/A

Jury Lists of 1860-1869

Year Transcription District Court
Spring
District Court
Fall
County Court
Early
County Court
Regular Term
Name Count Images
1860 Jury List of 1860 Mar 24 Yes, ? N/A Jul 2 413 N/A
1861 Jury List of 1861 Jan 15 Jul 22 N/A Jul 1 335 N/A
1862 Jury List of 1862 Mar 5 Aug 27 N/A Jul 7 403 N/A
1863 Jury List of 1863 Jan 8 Aug 15 N/A Jul 6 349 N/A
1864 Jury List of 1864 Feb 8 Aug 22 N/A Jul 4 413 N/A
1865 Jury List of 1865 N/A Oct 6 N/A Sep 29 271 N/A
1866 Jury List of 1866 Apr 3 Aug 1 N/A Jul 23 394 N/A
1867 Jury List of 1867 Jan 11 Nov 2 Jan 11 Apr 27 90 N/A
1868 Jury List of 1868 Jan 18 for Feb July 7 for Sep Jan 1 for Feb
Mar 7 for Apr
Apr 24 for Jun
July 1 for Aug
Aug 26 for Oct
Oct 30 for Dec
189 N/A
1869 Jury List of 1869 Jan 11 for Mar Jul 29 for Sep Jan 11 for Feb N/A 116 N/A

Jury Lists of 1870-1879


Jury Lists of 1880-1889

Year Transcription District Court
Spring
District Court
Fall
County Court
Early
County Court
Regular Term
Name Count Unknown Images
1887 Jury List of 1887 N/A N/A N/A N/A ??? Petit: Sept N/A

Jury Lists of 1890 to 1899

Year Transcription District Court
Spring
District Court
Fall
County Court
Early
County Court
Regular Term
Name Count Images
1890 Jury List of 1890 - TODO N/A N/A N/A N/A ??? N/A
1891 Jury List of 1891 Feb Sept N/A N/A 148 N/A
1892 Jury List of 1892 Feb Sept N/A N/A ??? N/A
1893 Jury List of 1893 Feb Sept N/A N/A ??? N/A
1894 Jury List of 1894 N/A Sept N/A N/A ??? N/A
1895 Jury List of 1895 Feb Sept N/A N/A ??? N/A
1896 Jury List of 1896 N/A Sept N/A N/A ??? N/A
1897 Jury List of 1897 Feb Aug 20 for Sept N/A N/A ??? N/A
1898 Jury List of 1898 Feb Aug 12 for Sept N/A N/A ??? N/A
1899 Jury List of 1899 N/A Sept N/A N/A ??? N/A

Jury Lists of 1900 to 1909

Year Transcription District Court
Spring
District Court
Fall
County Court
Early
County Court
Regular Term
Name Count Images
1900 Jury List of 1900 Feb N/A N/A N/A ??? N/A
1901 Jury List of 1901 Feb Sep N/A N/A ??? N/A
1902 Jury List of 1902 N/A N/A N/A N/A ??? N/A
1903 Jury List of 1903 Feb Sep N/A N/A ??? N/A
1904 Jury List of 1904 Feb Sep N/A N/A ??? N/A
1905 Jury List of 1905 Feb Sep N/A N/A ??? N/A
1906 Jury List of 1906 Feb Sep N/A N/A ??? N/A
1907 Jury List of 1907 Feb Sep N/A N/A ??? N/A
1908 Jury List of 1908 Feb Sep N/A N/A ??? N/A
1909 Jury List of 1909 Feb Sep N/A N/A ??? N/A

Jury Lists of 1910 to 1919

Year Transcription District Court
Spring
District Court
Fall
County Court
Early
County Court
Regular Term
Name Count Images
1910 Jury List of 1910 Feb Sep N/A N/A ??? N/A
1911 Jury List of 1911 Feb Sep Apr N/A ??? N/A
1912 Jury List of 1912 Feb Sep Apr N/A ??? N/A
1913 Jury List of 1913 Feb Sep Jan N/A ??? N/A
1914 Jury List of 1914 Feb Sep N/A N/A ??? N/A
1915 Jury List of 1915 Feb, Jun N/A N/A N/A ??? N/A
1916 Jury List of 1916 Feb, Jun Oct, Dec N/A N/A ??? N/A
1917 Jury List of 1917 Feb, Jun Oct, Dec N/A N/A ??? N/A
1918 Jury List of 1918 Feb, Jun Sep, Oct N/A N/A ??? N/A
1919 Jury List of 1919 Feb Oct, Dec N/A N/A ??? N/A

Jury Lists of 1920 to 1929

Year Transcription District Court
Spring
District Court
Fall
County Court
Early
County Court
Regular Term
Name Count Images
1920 Jury List of 1920 Feb, Apr, Jun Oct N/A N/A ??? N/A
1921 Jury List of 1921 Feb, Jun Oct N/A N/A ??? N/A
1922 Jury List of 1922 Feb, Jun Oct, Dec N/A N/A ??? N/A
1923 Jury List of 1923 Feb Jul, Nov N/A N/A ??? N/A
1924 Jury List of 1924 Feb, Apr Jul, Oct N/A N/A ??? N/A
1925 Jury List of 1925 Feb, May Jul N/A N/A ??? N/A
1926 Jury List of 1926 Jan Nov N/A N/A ??? N/A

Jury Lists of 1930 to 1939

Year Transcription District Court
Spring
District Court
Fall
County Court
Early
County Court
Regular Term
Name Count Images
1930 Jury List of 1930 N/A Nov N/A N/A ??? N/A
1938 Jury List of 1938 Feb N/A N/A N/A ??? N/A

Jury Lists of 1940 to 1949

Year Transcription District Court
Spring
District Court
Fall
County Court
Early
County Court
Regular Term
Name Count Images
1942 Jury List of 1942 N/A Nov N/A N/A ??? N/A