BELL'S HISTORY OF
NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY,
PENNSYLVANIA




INCLUDING


ITS ABORIGINAL HISTORY; THE COLONIAL AND REVOLUTIONARY
PERIODS; EARLY SETTLEMENT AND SUBSEQUENT GROWTH; POLITICAL
ORGANIZATION; AGRICULTURAL, MINING, AND MANUFACTURING
INTERESTS; INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS; RELIGIOUS, EDUC-
ATIONAL, SOCIAL, AND MILITARY HISTORY; SKETCHES
OF ITS BOROUGHS, VILLAGES, AND TOWNSHIPS;
PORTRAITS AND BIOGRAPHIES OF PIONEERS
AND REPRESENTATIVE CITIZENS ETC, ETC.

EDITED BY

HERBERT C. BELL.

ILLUSTRATED.

CHICAGO, ILL.:

BROWN, RUNK & Co., PUBLISHERS.

1891






-- Table of Contents --

Contents CONTENTS in text format
Chapter I I - THE COLONIAL PERIOD
Chapter II -
Part I
II - THE COLONIAL PERIOD (Concluded). Part I
Chapter II -
Part II
II - THE COLONIAL PERIOD (Concluded). Part II
Chapter II -
Part III
II - THE COLONIAL PERIOD (Concluded) - Part III
Chapter III -
Part I
III - THE REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD - Part I
Chapter III -
Part II
III - THE REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD - Part II
Chapter IV
- Part I
IV - ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION
Erection of Northumberland County
Disintegration of its Territory
Present Boundaries
Internal Subdivision
Original Townships
Formation of Present Subdivisions
Statistics of Population
Public Buildings
Early Fiscal Affairs
CHAPTER IV
- Part II

CHAPTER V
- PART I
IV - ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION - (Cont.)
Inauguration of the Public School System
Roster of County Officers
Representation in Constitutional Conventions, Etc.
Legislative Representation
Early Township Officers.
V - THE BENCH AND BAR
First Courts and Cases the Quarter Session
Early Administration of Penal Justice
The Orphans' Court
The Common Pleas
Rules of Court
Chapter V
-Part II
V - THE BENCH AND BAR
The Bench
Roster of Justices
Biographical Sketches of Present Judges
Associate Judges the Bar of the Past and Present
The Supreme Court.
Chapters VI
& VII
VI - THE MEDICAL PROFESSION
List of Sunbury Physicians, By Dr. R. H. Awl
Autobiographical Sketches of Physicians throughout the County
Medical Societies
Roster of the Medical Profession
VII - THE PRESS
Journalism at Northumberland
Sunbury Papers
The Press of Milton
Shamokin Newspapers
Journals of Mt. Carmel, McEwensville and Locust Gap Papers
Chapter VIII VIII - INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS
Relation of Highways of Travel to Civilization
Public Roads
The Tulpehocken Road
The Old Reading Road
Early County Roads
Turnpikes
River Navigation
Canals
Railroads
Pennsylvania
Danville and Pottsville
Philadelphia and Erie
Northern Central
Sunbury, Hazelton and Wilkesbarre
Sunbury and Lewistown
Lewisburg and Tyrone
Philadelphia and Reading
Mine Hill and Schuylkill Haven
Mahanoy and Shamokin
Enterprise
Shamokin and Trevorton
Trevorton, Mahanoy and Susquehanna
Catawissa
Shamokin, Sunbury and Lewisburg
Delaware, Lackawanna and Western
Lehigh Valley
Wilkesbarre and Western
Chapters IX & X IX - AGRICULTURE
Preparation of Soils the Result on Remote Rather Than Immediate Agency
Geological Structure
Anticlinals and Synclinals
Subdivisions of the Paleozoic System
Location and Characteristics on Each Stratum
Development of the Farming Industry
Condition of the Farming Interests in 1845
Agricultural Societies
X - THE SHAMOKIN COAL FIELD
Importance of Coal
Its Location
Names of the Veins
Their Position and Character
A Walk from the Weigh Scales to the Cameron Colliery
Ascent of the Great Culm Bank
A Tale with the Inside Foreman about the Coal Formation
Further Description of the Sixteen Veins Found in This Region
A Section of the Measures
Depth of the Shamokin Coal Basin
A Short Description of the Districts and Basins
Production of the Three Districts
The Question, "How Long Will Our Coal Supply Last?" Answered
Chapter XI XI - DEVELOPMENT OF THE SHAMOKIN COAL FIELD
Discovery of Anthracite in This Region
First Application to General Uses
First Shamokin Coal Taken to Market
Opening of the First Mines at Shamokin, Coal Run, and Trevorton
First Coal Shipments Down the Susquehanna
Speculation in Coal Lands
The Danville and Pottsville Railroad
Pioneer Coal Operation
The Disastrous Year of 1842
Revival of 1850
Judge Helfenstein's Developments
Original Coal Breakers
Marshall's Letter
New Collieries and Outlets
Coal Shipments to Elmira in 1855
Other Collieries Started and Breakers Erected
Tonnage of This Region for the Years 1857 and 1889
Total Production for the Past Fifty-One Years
Chapters XII &
XIII - Part I
XII - WAR OF 1812
XIII - THE CIVIL WAR - Part I
State of Public Sentiment at the Outbreak of the War
Mass Meetings and Resolutions
The Sanitary Commission
REGIMENTAL SKETCHES
Eleventh - Eighth - Thirty-Fourth -
Forty-Sixth - Forty-Seventh - Fifty-First
- Fifty-Third - Fifty-Sixth
Chapter XIII
- Part II
XIII - Part II - REGIMENTAL SKETCHES
Eightieth - One Hundred and Twelfth - Fifty-Eighth
- One Hundred and Thirty-First -
One Hundred and Fifty-Second - Seventy-Fourth
Militia of 1862
Militia of 1863
Soldiers' Monuments
Chapter XIV - Part I XIV - SUNBURY - Part I
The Town Plat
Early Residents
Sunbury in 1805
Reminiscences of Dr. R. H. Awl
Prominent Merchants, 1772-1850
Early Hotels
Municipal Organization and Government
Chapter XIV
- Part II
XIV - SUNBURY - Part II
Facilities of Travel and Transportation
Industrial Activity
Banking Institutions
Gas, Electric Light, and Water Companies
Local Papers
The Post Office
Secret and Other Societies
Educational Interests
Churches
Cemeteries
Borough of East Sunbury
Chapter XV XV - NORTHUMBERLAND
The Town Plat
Early History
Prominent Early Residents
Early Merchants and Hotels
The Post Office
Bridges, Canals, and Railways
Borough Organization and Government
Industrial Activity
Schools
Local Journalism
Secret and Other Societies
Churches
Cemeteries
Chapter XVI - Part I XVI - BOROUGH OF MILTON - Part I
Pioneer History
The Town Plat
Inhabitants From 1804 to 1808
Taxables in 1818
Borough Government
The Post Office
Facilities of Travel and Transportation
General Business Interest and
Industries of the Past and Present
Floods and Fires
Chapter XVI - Part II XVI - BOROUGH OF MILTON - Part II
Secret and Other Societies
Churches Sunday Schools
Miscellaneous Moral and Humanitarian Organizations
Educational Interests
Local Papers
Cemeteries
Chapter XVII - Part I XVII - SHAMOKIN - Part I
Brief of Title
The Town Plat
Pioneer Shamokin in 1839
Subsequent Growth Summarized
The First Stores and Hotel
Early Physicians and Lawyers
Municipal Organization and Government
The Riot of 1877
Facilities of Travel and Transportation
The Shamokin Coal Trade
General Industrial Interest
Chapter XVII - Part II XVII - SHAMOKIN - Part II
The Post Office
Banks
Water, Gas, and Electric Light
Board of Trade
Secret and Other Societies
The Press
Churches
Educational Interests
Cemeteries
Chapters XVIII
& XIX
XVIII - MT. CARMEL
Old Hotels
The Town Plat
First Improvements and Subsequent Growth
The First Merchants, Physicians, and Lawyers
The Post Office
Railroads
Municipal Organization and Government
The Mt. Carmel Coal Trade
General Industrial Interest
Financial Institutions
Water and Electric Light Companies
Secret and Other Societies
The Press
Schools
Churches
Cemeteries
XIX - WATSONTOWN
Pioneer History
The First Surveys
Early Industries, Stores, and Hotels
The Town Plat
Railroads
The Post Office
Manufacturing, Past and Present
Banks
Electric Light and Water Companies
Borough Organization and Government
Secret and Fraternal Societies
Educational and Literary Effort
Churches
Watsontown Cemetery
Chapters XX - XVI TOWNSHIP HISTORIES
XX - TURBUT TOWNSHIP
XXI - UPPER AUGUSTA TOWNSHIP
XXII - LOWER AUGUSTA TOWNSHIP
XXIII - UPPER MAHANOY TOWNSHIP
XXIV - LOWER MAHANOY TOWNSHIP
XXV - POINT TOWNSHIP
XXVI - CHILLISQUAQUE TOWNSHIP
Chapters XXVII - XXXII TOWNSHIP HISTORIES
XXVII - SHAMOKIN TOWNSHIP
XXVIII - LITTLE MAHANOY TOWNSHIP
XXIX - RUSH TOWNSHIP
XXX - JACKSON TOWNSHIP
XXXI - COAL TOWNSHIP
XXXII - DELAWARE TOWNSHIP
Chapters XXXIII - XLI TOWNSHIP HISTORIES
XXXIII - LEWIS TOWNSHIP
XXXIV - CAMERON TOWNSHIP
XXXV - JORDAN TOWNSHIP
XXXVI - ZERBE TOWNSHIP
XXXVII - ZERBE TOWNSHIP
XXXVIII - WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP
XXXIX - ROCKEFELLER TOWNSHIP
XL - RALPHO TOWNSHIP
XLI - GEARHART TOWNSHIP
Chapter XLII -
Part I
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. SUNBURY - Part I
Chapter XLII -
Part II
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. SUNBURY - Part II
Chapter XLIII -
Part I
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. SHAMOKIN - Part I
Chapter XLIII -
Part II
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. SHAMOKIN - Part II
Chapter XLIII -
Part III
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. SHAMOKIN - Part III
Chapter XLIII -
Part IV
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. SHAMOKIN - Part IV
Chapter XLIV -
Part I
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. MILTON - Part I
Chapter XLIV -
Part II
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. MILTON - Part II
Chapter XLV -
Part I
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. MT. CARMEL - Part I
Chapter XLV -
Part II
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. MT. CARMEL - Part II
Chapter XLVI BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. WATSONTOWN
Chapter XLVII BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. NORTHUMBERLAND BOROUGH
AND POINT TOWNSHIP
Chapter XLVIII BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. TURBUT
AND CHILLISQUAQUE TOWNSHIPS
Chapter XLIX BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. LEWIS AND
DELAWARE TOWNSHIPS, AND BOROUGH OF
TURBUTVILLE AND MCEWENSVILLE
Chapter L BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. UPPER AUGUSTA,
LOWER AUGUSTA, AND ROCKEFELLER TOWNSHIPS
Chapter LI -
Part 1
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. SHAMOKIN, RALPHO,
RUSH, AND GEARHART TOWNSHIPS, AND
BOROUGHS OF SNYDERTOWN AND RIVERSIDE
Chapter LI -
Part 2
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. SHAMOKIN, RALPHO,
RUSH, AND GEARHART TOWNSHIPS, AND
BOROUGHS OF SNYDERTOWN AND RIVERSIDE
Chapter LII BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. ZERBE (TREVORTON),
CAMERON, LITTLE MAHANOY, JACKSON,
LOWER MAHANOY, WASHINGTON, JORDAN,
AND UPPER MAHANOY TOWNSHIP

INDEX

INDEX






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