HISTORY OF FRANKLIN COUNTY PENNSYLVANIA,
ILLUSTRATED 1887



Containing a History of the County, its Townships, Towns, Villages, Schools, Churches, Industries, Etc.; Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men; Biographies; History of Pennsylvania, Statistical and Miscellaneous Matter, Etc., Etc.

ILLUSTRATED

CHICAGO:

WARNER, BEERS & CO., 1887


Chicago:

JOHN MORRIS COMPANY, PRINTERS
118 and 120 Monroe Street.




Special thanks to Joyce Moore who transcribed this work. If you have techical problems, please notify me. Joe




-- Table of Contents --


PART I - History of Pennsylvania

Chapters I - III


CHAPTER I - Introductory
Cornelis Jacobson Mey, 1624-25. William Van Hulst, 1625-26.
Peter Minuit, 1626-33. David Petersen de Vries, 1632-33.
Wouter Van Twiller, 1633-38


CHAPTER II - Sir William Keift, 1638-47.
Peter Minuit, 1638-41. Peter Hollandaer 1641-43.
John Printz, 1643-53. Peter Stuyvesant 1647-64.
John Pappagoya, 1653-54. John Claude Rysingh 1654-55


CHAPTER III - John Paul Jacquet 1655-57.
Jacob Alrichs 1657-59. Goeran Van Dyek 1657-58.
William Beekman 1658-63. Alex D'Hinoyossa 1659-64.

Chapters IV - VII


CHAPTER IV - Richard Nichols, 1664-67.
Robert Needham, 1664-68. Francis Lovelace, 1667-73.
John Carr, 1668-73. Anthony Colve, Peter Alrichs, 1673-74


CHAPTER V - Sir Edmund Andros, 1674-81.
Edmund Cantwell, John Collier, 1676-77.
Christopher Billop, 1677-81


CHAPTER VI - William Markham, 1681-82.
William Penn 1682-84.


CHAPTER VII - Thomas Lloyd, 1684-86.
Five Commissioners: John Blackwell, 1688-90.
Thomas Lloyd 1690-91. William Markham, 1691-93.
Benjamin Fletcher, 1693-95. William Markham, 1693-99.

Chapters VIII - X


CHAPTER VIII - William Penn, 1699-1701.
Andrew Hamilton, 1701-03. Edward Shippen, 1703-04.
John Evans, 1704-09. Charles Goken 1709-17.


CHAPTER IX - Sir William Keith, 1717-26.
Patrick Gordon, 1726-36. James Logan, 1736-38.
George Thomas, 1738-47. Anthony Palmer, James Hamilton 1748-54.


CHAPTER X - Robert H. Morris, 1754-56.
William Denny, 1756-59. James Hamilton, 1759-63.

Chapters XI - XIV


CHAPTER XI - John Penn, 1763-71 --James Hamilton, 1771--
Richard Penn, 1771-73--John Penn, 1773-76


CHAPTER XII - Thomas Wharton, Jr., 1777-78.
George Bryan, 1778. Joseph Reed, 1778-81.
William Moore,1781-82. John Dickinson, 1782-85.
Benjamin Franklin, 1785-88.


CHAPTER XIII - Thomas Mifflin, 1788-99.
Thomas McKean, 1799-1808. Simon Snyder, 1808-17.
William Findlay, 1817-20. Joseph Heister, 1820-23.
John A. Shulze, 1823-29. George Wolfe, 1829-35.
Joseph Ritner, 1835-39.


CHAPTER XIV - David R. Porter, 1839-45.
Francis R. Shunk, 1845-48. William F. Johnstone, 1848-52.
William Bigler, 1852-55. James Pollock, 1855-58.
William F. Packer, 1858-61. Andrew G. Curtin, 1861-67.
John W. Geary, 1867-73. John F. Hartranft, 1873-78.
Henry F. Hoyt, 1878-82. Robert E. Pattison, 1882.


PART II - History of Franklin County

Chapters I - II


CHAPTER I. -- PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION --
The great Eastern Valley -- The Path of a
Probable Gulf Stream -- The Mountain Ranges and
their Appendages -- Systems of Drainage --
Geological and Mineralogical Aspects --
Character of Soil -- Vegetation -- Climate.


CHAPTER II. -- PIONEER SETTLERS --
Two Classes: Scotch-Irish, their Origin,
Arrivals, Character and Locations -- Germans,
Sketch of Persecutions, Arrival, Trials,
etc. -- Trend of Settlements in Cumberland
Valley Westward -- Shippensburg a Distributing
Point -- Settlements at Falling Spring --
Sketch of Benjamin Chambers -- Other Settlements
and Settlers in Various Parts of the Country --
List of Taxable in 1751-52 -- Mason and Dixon's Line.

Chapters III - IV


CHAPTER III. -- INDIAN WAR --
Indian Nations Described -- War Between French
and English -- Colonies Involved -- Braddock's
Defeat and its Effects -- Forts Located and
Described -- Massacres from 1754 to 1765 --
Conflicts Between .


CHAPTER IV. -- THE REVOLUTION --
Its Causes -- Loyalty to the Mother Country --
Early Military -- Roster and Roll of Franklin Men --
From Colonies to States -- Heroes from Franklin County
-- One of the First American Cannons, etc.

Chapters V - VI


CHAPTER V. -- WHISKY WAR --
Eleven Years of Peace -- Causes of the Whisky
Insurrection -- Its Prosecution and its
Subversion -- Sympathy of the Militia, etc.


CHAPTER VI. -- FRANKLIN COUNTY ORGANIZED--
Date of Erection -- Petitions in Favor of and
in Opposition to the Project -- Fight over the
County Seat -- The First Court House and First
Jail -- Early County Officers -- Estimate of
Population -- First General Election -- Officials, etc.

Chapters VII - VIII


CHAPTER VII. -- INTERNAL AFFAIRS
Lands and Land Titles -- Indian Trails -- Roads --
Bridges -- Turnpikes -- Inns or Taverns -- Militia --
Muster Days -- Mail Routes and Post-Offices --
Postmasters -- Railroads -- Cumberland Valley
Railroad -- First Sleeping Car Ever Made --
Franklin Railroad -- Shenandoah Valley Railroad --
Harrisburg & Potomac Railroad -- Western Maryland
Railroad -- Baltimore & Cumberland Valley Railroad --
Mont Alto Railroad -- Mont Alto Iron Works, etc.


CHAPTER VIII. -- WAR OF 1812-1815
Cause of War -- Declaration of War -- Franklin
County Companies -- Incidents of the War

Chapters IX - XI


CHAPTER IX. MEXICAN WAR
Texas and Mexico -- Whig and Democrat --
Counter Arguments -- Declaration of War --
Franklin County Company -- Its Services


CHAPTER X. THE PRESS
Introductory - First Newspaper -
Press of Chambersburg - Press of
Waynesboro - Press of Mercersburg -
Press of Greencastle


CHAPTER XI. AGRICULTURE
A Business of First Importance - Its Promising
Future - Improvements Introduced - Judge Watts -
The First Reaper - First Stock in the Country -
Wheat and Corn - Hessian Fly - Improved Implements -
A Wonderful Feat with the Scythe - Agricultural
Societies, Officers, etc.

Chapter XII


CHAPTER XII. THE MEDICAL PROFESSION
Introductory View of the Human Structure -
Sketches of Prominent Deceased Physicians -
Epidemics - Medical Societies - Roster of
Resident Physicians






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