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Col. Burds Journal
1754, March. Generall _____ with an army of 700 french took Fort De Quesne, then Commanded by Ensigne Ward, who had 30 men there of Captn Trents Compy.
1754, May. Coll Washington beat a party of 30 french at Red Stone Creek and took Mons. Le Force & 14 Prisoners.
1754, July. Generall_____ with an army of 700 men, beat Coll Washington at the Great Meadows, who had with him 300 men.
1755, July. Generall _____ with an army of french, beat Generall Breddock at the River Manongehola who had with him 1,200 English.
1755, May. Coll Monkton took Beausejour, a French fort on the Frontiers of Nova Scotia.
1755, Septem. Generall Johnson beat Generall Dieskau.
1756, August. Generall _____ with an army of 5,000 french, took Oswago, the Garrison, 1,200 English.
1756, July. Fort Granville was taken by 100 french.
1756, Coll Armstrong, with 300 men, took Kittaning, an Indian town on the River Ohio.
8th Decem., Wednesday, Fort Augusta, 1756
Arrived here with Captns Shippin & Jamison, and a party from the Camp at MKees Meadows with 19 baggs of flour, and 26 Caggs of Rum, & 8 horse load of salt, at eleven OClock P.M., where I found Capt Hambright, Commandant, from whome I Recd Collonell Claphams orders to me without a date; Collonell Clapham left this Fort on Munday last at 10 oclock A.M. Captn Hambright informed me that he Recd a furlow from Coll Clapham, and had liberty to leave this upon my arrival, and intended to sett out to-morrow for Phila. Captn Jamison, Lieut. Clark & Commissary Baird likewise informed me they had Recd ferlows from the Coll. Captn Jamisons & Leut. Clarks to Commence the 16th Janry, 1757, & Commissary Bairds at his pleasure, all for one month. Upon my arrival I found absent from the Regiment the following officers: Coll William Clapham, Captn Lloyd, Captn Salter, Lewts Clapham, Trump, and Myles, & Ensigne Patterson.
This day I inquired into the State of the Garrison, & found 280 men here doing duty, and that no work had been done for some time; the ditch unfinished; The Picketts up; the Beaff Sistern unfinished; the Pickett gates not done, & the Beaff in the store in bulk; no place provided for the flour,, & the salt in Casks, _____ in ye heads standing on the Parade, the Battoes all frose up in the River, and Nine officers for duty; no Instructions given to any officer Concerning the works begun, nor do I find in my Instructions any plan of the Fort, or orders Informing me how the begun works was intended to be finished.
I employed the People this day in disposing of the Cargoe of flour & Rum I brought up, and Collecting the horses to go down to the Camp at McKees this night for another Cargoe; accordingly I detachd this Evening at 7 oclock, Lewt Garraway & Ensigne Brodhead with a party of 50 men, with orders that Lewt. Garray march down the party of Captn Works Compy that was at McKees Camp & the party of Soldiers belonging to Hunters Fort; to Fort Hallifax the first party, & the latter order to Hunters Fort. Ordered Ensigne Broadhead to Releive Ensigne Scott, & to Stay at that Camp until further orders; to Guard the stores left there, with 30 men of the party I sent; & that Ensigne Scott should march up here with as much Provisions as he could, under the Eschort of 20 men of the party sent down. Captn Hanbright sett out for Phila the Eveng in Consequence of his furlow.
Ordered a Generall Parade this morning. Employed a party to build a smock house for the Beaff, one to hawl the Battoes out of the Ice upon the Bank to preserve them from being destroyed by the Ice when ye River should break up; one to Clean out the Fort, which was full of heaps of nusances; one to through all the stone out of the Picketts; one to Ram the Earth about the Beaff Sistern; one to build a beakhouse, and one to build a Chimny in Captn Handbrights Barrick, & one to make beds in the Guard house; hard frost; nothing Extraordinary this day.
Employed to-day as yesterday. This day the weather has altered to a thorough though, and I am very much Afraid the Beaff will spoil, & it is not in my poder to touch it until the Sistern is finished.
Ensigne Scott returns this Evening at 8 OClock with a party from the Camp at McKees, and 28 horse loads of flour, & _____ load of salt, & 13 horse load of Rumobliged to put the flour & Rum, in the Colls Cellar, & leaft, as there is not one foot of room in the store to hold anythingthaughs very much to-day.
I have thought it my duty to employ the Carpenters in working at the Beaff Sistern. This day it raind so hard that we could not have sermon.
Continued working at the Beaff Sistern, at the Barrick beds, at the bakehouse, at the smock house, Cleaning out the Fort; an officers in the woods with thirty men getting loggs for the smock house & slaps for the barrick beds, the Smiths, bakers & sawyers at work.
Sent off Danile Lowry, with all the Battoemen & two of the lightest battoes to the Camp at MKees, for the Remainder of the Stores left there, ordered them to be brought up in the lightes, & of the Battoes under the Comd of Ensigne Broadhead.
Employed as yesterday, & digging a little house for the use of the officers & walling the well of the same. Nothing Materiall; the River rises.
Employed as yesterday; obliged at Noon to give over work, it snows so hard and is so cold the soldiers cant stand it. The River Rises prodigeousely to. Ensigne Broadhead & George Allan arrived here at Noon with the party that was encampt at McKees; the Remainder of the Stores and to Battoes, 10 load salt, 1 Barrl do., 7 barrls rum, 1 barrl flour, 1 bagg do.
This day it snows so hard that the soldiers cant work, but as it seems to though and the River swells prodigeousely I have detached Capt Jamison, Lewt Clark & Ensigne Scott, with one hundred men, Including all the battoemen, with all the horses and battoes, to Hunters, for Provisions for the use of this Garrison.
Capt Jamison sett off in 5 battoes, with 60 men, mtd, at 2 o"clock, in order to get to the Camp at McKees, and have all the battoes there lanchd and loaded with the Empty Cask, & ready agt ye party should gett up.
Lewt. Clark & Ensigne Scott marcht abt _ after 4 this afternoon with the Remainder of the Detachtement.
At 8 this Evening I Reced Intellegence by a messenger sent from Ensigne Scott, to inform me that Lewt. Clark, with his Devision, had gott over Shamochan mountain, but that the first Devision had made the mountain so slippy that he had attempted all in his power, but could not gett the horses up the mountain, upon which I sent to his Releeff, Ensignes Broadhead & McKee, & twenty men, with spades & shoovells, & ca., to Clear the road & gett the party up the mountain.
Abt 12 this Evening, Ensignes Broadhead, Scott & McKee returns with the partys & 18 horses & Reports that it was Impracticalbe to gett the horses up the mountains, that they had used their outmost Endeavours, & had two horses killd in the attemp, &, therefore, was obliged to desist & Return here for further orders; ordered the party to wait till morning.
This morning I sent off Ensigne Scott, with his party, at 10 OClock, wt ye 18 horses, & sent him two Pillotts to Convay him round the MOUNTAIN.
It snowed so hard there was no work done this day; the Pillotts return this Evening, and report that Ensigne Scott and the party gott round the Hill, and that the Road that way is very easy.
This day Employed all the Soldiers in Cleaning the Snow out of the Fort.
This day we had two sermons, one forenoon & one afternoon, by Doctr Morgan.
About two oclock, George Gabriell, and four men more, arrived here from Capt Jamisons Camp, two miles on this side of McKees meadows, and brings me a letter from Captn Jamison informing me that the River was so shutt up that they could proceed no further with the battoes and had Hauld them up upon the Bank, left a Sergt & Corpll & twelve men with them, and was to proceed to Hunters with the remainder of the Detachmt.
The River full of ice; the west branch shutt up; its left off snowing; the North branch open as yet, but very full of ice.
This morning it snows prodigeousely & has all last night; no possibility of working to day; the snow is abt 2 foott deep.
This morning left off snowing; employed in Clearing the Snow out of the Fort; sent of Volunteer Hughes with 3 Soldiers and 4 horses to the Camp at the Island 2 miles on this side McKees, with three days Provisions for 18 men, with Instructions to gett the Battoes brought to the main if possible and there secured, & then to proceed to Hunters mill with the party to Join Captn Jamisons Detachment at that place.
Employed this day in Clearing the snow out of the Fort.
The snow is two foot deep on ye Ground; no work can be done.
Continue working this day at Clearing the Fort of Snow. No work can be done.
Snowed all last night. Compute the snow this morng to be 2 foott 4 Inches deep.
Clearing the snow out of the Fort.
This day I employed 6 men to Clear out the Store & attended the same my self, and found the province stores in a very bad situation, all Consuming & such things as would rott, roteing, the flour workt in the Clay of the floor; the floar of the Store being all over water. I gett 11 boards sawed & put upon part of the loaft where I put a great many perishable articles, & gott pieces of boards & slabs put under the flour Casks; moved 20 Casks od flour out of Captn Hanbrights Barrick & put it in the Store.
The snow is so deep no work can be done; I had this day 3 additional Joists cut for the store to be under the flour Bing, but could not gett them Home, the horses were so weak.
25th, Saturday, Xmas
No work done to day on account of the depth of the snow.
Had prayers & a sermon this forenoon, & prayers in the afternoon by Doct. Morgan.
this morning, _ before 10 oclock, arrived two soldiers from Hunters mill with a letter from Captn Jamisonordered officers & soldiers to an allowance of 1 lb flour & 1lb meat p. day.
No work done to day on account of the snow; only 6 Caprenters making a Bing in the store to hold flour.
The soldiers employed today Clearing away the snow for a parade ground to exercise in; keep the 6 Carpenters making a Bing for to hold flour; thaughs much to day.
This day it thaughs so much that the soldiers can neither exercise nor work; Continue the Carpenters at the Bing & sawers.
This day much as yesterday.
Lewt. Clark arrived this evening at 5 oclock with a party of 40 men & Ensyne Scott from Hunters Fort; they brought no Provision as they report they could gett no horses.
No work done to day unless by Carpenters & sawers, as the weather would not permit.
1st January, Saturday
No work done today.
The weather this day would not permit sermon nor prayers.
The Carpenters Continue working at the flour Bing, at the Hospitall beds; the sawers at the saw pitt; soldiers in the woods Cutting a Store of fire wood to be piled up & resawed in the Garrison, in case of need; the weather exceeding severe, but the snow not so deep.
Sent off Captn George allen with a party of 12 men & two battoes, with orders to hunt up & bring over to this Fort, all the Province horses he could find on the other side of the River, both on the West & North branch of the River.
Continued working as yesterday; George allen Returns with his party, and Reports that he had found 4 horses, one of which (only) belonging to the Province; that he had, with a good deal of difficulty, gott them upon the Island, and could bring them no further; that the weather was such he could not proceed up the North branch so farr as I ordered, and by the extremity of the weather was obliged to Returnthe snow being frose hard cutt the soldiers ankles prodigiously.
Nothing Materiall this day; Continued working as on the 3d Currt; ordered that all the Chimneys in and about this garrison should be swept clean, which was done accordgly, & Report made thereof by all officers this day.
The River very full of driving Ice to-day.
Continued at the same work as on the 3d Currt; this Evening two men arrived here at 6 OClock in the evening, & brought me a letter from Captn Jamison, dated from Berrys place, upon his march hither.
Continued working as above.
This Evening at 6 OClock, Captn Jamison & Ensigne Patterson arrived here with a party of 66 horses, which Carried 47 baggs of flour, weighing 7,700 lbs.
Sent Captn George allen over the River with a party to hunt up the North branch, with orders to bring in all the Province horses he could find.
Sent another party up Shamochan Creek with the same orders.
& sent a third party up the North branch wt the same orders.
The three partys Return in the Evening; George Allen brought two horses and left them upon the Island, the other two partys bring two horses.
This morning sent George allen with a party to the Island, & sent two other partys out to bring in all the Province horses that could be found, to be sent down to Hunters and returnd to the owners, being unfit for service; they brought in six.
Sent Lewt. Davis & ensyne Broadhead to Hunters this morning, with a party of 40 men, to Eschort 20 horse drivers down, and 66 horses, and Eschort a Cargoe of stores up; sent by them the 6 horses above mentioned.
Gave the following Persons furlows for the followg times:
Sergt Andrew Bane15 days
Alexr Stephens12 days
Cornelius Atkinson12 days
Benjn Nicholson12 days
John Cook5 days
Drum Major John Feeld6 days
Lewt. Davis & the party Returns and Reports that it was Impracticable to gett over Shamochan Creek.
Great rain: the River rises.
Sent Lewt. Davis this morning to Shamochan Creek, to view it, and make report thereof.
This morning, sent a Battoe & 5 Soldiers down to Hunters in order that Mr. Crostian may prepare for Lewt. Daviss party.
Lewt. Davis returns & reports that the Creek is unpassable.
Sent off Lewt. Davis with a party of 30 men with the horse drivers & horses at 10th A.M.
At 3 P.M. sent off to Hallifax Ensigne Broadhead with a party of 51 men, with orders to Carry down all the Battoes from McKees place, & to join Mr. Davis & bring up a Cargoe of flour from Fort Halifax on to the Battoes.
Sent George Allen & 3 men on bd a Canoe with Provisions for the party.
This day working at the Hospital & the store, & preparing slabs for barrick beds; took up ___ Canoes that came adrift down the River.
All the Carpenters except 5 gone down on the party, being the only fitt to work the Battoes.
At 5 P.M. Sergt Basoon returned with 27 of Mr. Broadheads party, the bridge they had made a Cross the Creek being swept away, before they could gett over, by the Impetuosity of the Creek.
The Sergt Basoon & party went off this morning, I sent a battoe to the mouth of Shamochan Creek to ferry them over.
The battoe returned at 2 P.M.
The River falls; working at the store, fire wood, & Hospitall, & smoak house.
This day Continued working as above; the River falls & Clears of Ice; nothing materiall happened, only George McClenechan, Wagonr, found a sadle and a horse load of lead in the woods & brought them home.
This day employed at the Hospital, the Smoak house, Cutting a store of fire wood for the Garrison, & sawing plank for the Pork Sistern.
The weather Frizes hard; the river full of Ice.
This day I went with Captn Shippen & a party, & laid out a straight round Shamochan Hill, for the Benefitt of transporting our Provisions heither, finding it impracticable to pass over the mountain.
The Carpenters Employed as yesterday. I gott a leather of 30 foott long made to-day, & hung upon hooks on the front wall of the store, there to be ready in Case of fire, as likewise 12 water bucketts for the same purpose.
It frizes hard & the river fills with Ice.
Doctor Morgan read prayers This morningit snows a little & frezes very hard.
This morning I went myself with a party, & began to open the Road mentioned the 15th, in this Journell.
The Carpenters, &ca., Employed as the 15th; the River very full of Ice & the weather Extream coldnothing materiall.
This morning at 10 oclock A.M., Sergt John Lee arrived at this Fort, who brought me letters & Informed me that the party Commanded by Lewt Davis, at fort Hallifax, had gott all the Barrells filled with flour, and were ready to sett off with the Battoes for this fort.
The work continued; it frizes prodigious hard, the west branch is fast, & the North branch is very full of Ice & moves slowly.
19th January, Wednesday
Ordered a leather to be made to hang upon the roofs of the houses with hooks, to extinguish any fires that might happen in or about the Garrison.
The other works Continued.
Lewt Clark marcht this evening at 5 oclock, with two soldiers with him, in Consequence of a furlough given by Coll Clapham, for one month from the 16th Currt.
The river full of ice & frizes very hard.
This day I sent Captn Shippen and the Adjutant, with a small party, to extend the road from the first rise over the Gutt, to the forks of the road on the top of the mountain, with orders to blaize it.
At 10 oclock this morning Captn Jamison & the Commisary Genll of Stores, Mr. Bard, marcht with a party of 5 Soldiers in Consequences of furloughs given them by the Coll Clapham, the 16th Currt, for one month.
Captn Shippen returns and reports he had found a very good road with an easy asshent over the mountain that could be travelld at all times & had blaisd it well.
This day the party clearing the road to the first rise and making the bridge over the gutt, reports the same finished: frizes hard.
This day it rained very hard and froze as it fell, so that no work could be done.
This day the weather grew softer; Employed a party to Dab the Hospital Chimny, another to shingle the smoak house, another getting wheel barrow stuff, another getting shingles and laths; the sawers could not work to day, their pitt being full of water with Yesterdays rain, employed them in clearing their pitt; 2 men employed handling axes, 2 in handling Tom Haucks; The smiths & Gunsmith at work; The Ice begins to come down the N. Branch.
We had prayers to day at 11 oclock & a Generall parade at 10 oclock, when I examined all the arms of the Regement present, and found them Generally very much out of order, in so much that I thought it for the good of the service that the whole Regt should have to-morrow to clean their arms, & ordered a General Revew on Wednesday morning at 10 oclock.
At 3 oClock, P.M., 3 men arrived here with 3 loads of rum for Mr. Trapnell.
At 4 OClock, P.M., Volunteer Hughes arrived here with a party of 12 men under his command, he had under his eschort the two Indians from Connistogo town, named William Sack & Indian Peter, the said Indians being committed to his care by George Croghan, Esqr, at Harriss ferry, to be by him transported heither. I Recd said Indians as friends, they delivered me a letter from George Croghan, Esqr., dated at Harriss the 20th Currt, Intimating to me that hed had sent them to the Ohio on his Majestys service, & desiring that I might assist them with guns, poudder, lead & Provisions, or anything else that they might want to enable them to proceed on their journey, and to dispatch them after one days rest.
They likewise presented to me the Governors passport, Commanding all officers, Civil & Military, to allow them to pass unmolested, as likewise Commanding all Military officers to assist them in everything they should stand in need off.
Mr. Croghan likewise informs me that he expects some Indians down Susquehanna on the Business of the Governmt, and desires that I may not suffer them to be hurt, & I have given orders accordingly.
I have advised the Indians to rest to-morrow, and on Tuesday morning to sett out on their Journey, which they agree to.
All the soldiers are employed to-day in cleaning their arms, having appointed them this day for that purpose.
This day it snows much, and snowed a great deall last night.
The officers of the sundry Compys report that the arms are now all in good order.
Gave the Indians their poudder horns full of poudder, & bullotts & swan shott in their pouches, what they said would be sufftient for their journey. They required mockesons of me, & I told them I had not, they said they were barefotted, & that Mr. Croghan told them they would be provided here. I gave Indian Peter a pr of new shoes out of the Province store, and gott a pair of new Solls put upon William sacks shoes; with this Provision they seemd satisfied. I likewise prepared hard bisquett for their Journey, sufftient, & meatt & every Necessary fitt for their Journey.
This morning it snowed hard, & has snowed all last night; I inquired of the Indians if they intended to proceed on their journey, and they informed me that the weather would not permit.
No work done to-day; it thaughs.
Working to-day at the smoak-house, at the fire leather, & at dabing the hospital Chimney, the swers were at work, making ax and Tomhawk handles.
The two Indians demanded of me two matchcoats, two tomhawks, one Dear Skin for to make mockesons, & some flintsI told them I had neither matchcoats nor dear skins, bur gave them two Tomhawks & some flints.
I ordered a Canoe to be launcd this morning to Carray the Indians over the River, I informed the Indians that the Canoe was ready, & they told me they would not go away to-day, but would go to-morrow.
Ensigne Scott marcht this morning with a party of five men to his Command at Fort Hunter; omitted the Generall Revew until the Indians should go.
As the Indians did not seem inclinable to go airly this morning, I pospond the Generall revew, & employed the men, one party finishing the Clapboardg & making a dore to the smoak house; another party dabing it, dabing the Chimney and walls of the Hospitall; making a leather; getting Coall-wood for a Coall-pitt, & getting fire wood; the Smiths, & sawers, and wheelbary makers, and ax handle makers, all at work.
This day, at 12 oClockM.D., the Indians, William Sack & Indian Peter, Crossed the River in my Canoe, sent 3 men to put them over and bring the Canoe back; at their setting off I saluted them with 3 platoons of 12 men, 3 roughs of all the Drums, 2 huzas, & one Great gun. It thaughs much to day.
In this nights orders appointed the Genll Revew to-morrow morning at 9 oclock A.M.
This morning, had a Generall Revew of all the Regement, & found that severalls had lost their Bayinotts, but all the Arms in good order. Working to-day at the bake house, getting shingles at the Coall kill, dabing the smoak house; the Smiths & Sayers at work.
The weather thaughs and it is exceeding muddy; the River Remains fast all along shore yet.
It snowed all last night and Continues to snow very hard all this day, so that no work can be done.
This evening it turns to rain.
This day it raind so hard all day that we could not have prayers.
Two soldiers arrived here from Lewt. Davis, from Fort Hallifax, with letters at 6 OClock this Evening, Vizt: Saml Vantyne & Archd Kelso.
It rained very hard all this day, there was no possibility of doing any work, only the wheelwrights, & the two men making ax handles.
The River rises & is full of Ice; it frezes towards Evening.
Tuesday, 1st February
This day it rained, haild and snowed all day, and is so extream cold that the soldiers was not able to work out of doors.
The wheelbarrow makers are at work in the Carpenter shop; the saw pitt is full of water & most froze to the bottom.
The west branch driving full of ice; severall Canoes come down it upon Cakes of Ice; some ice driving down the North branch.
This morning, John Hans, of Captn Jamisons company, died in the Hospitall of the Bloody flux, and was buryed this Evening.
This morning it snowed & blew prodigiously cold; the soldiers could not work out.
The wheelbarrow makers at work & some men prepering splits, &ca, to hang the beaff upon; in ye afternoon a little milder; the Colliers went to work.
This morning clear weather, but freezing much; lookt out with the spy glass, about _ after 12 OClock discovered two Indians in the draught where the water runs opposite to the Sally port: the Indians hung out a rid handkr, which I gave William Sack & Indian Peter for a signall, and so Conclude from the signall to be these two Indians; I have sent a Canoe & 3 men over for them, but the River is so full of ice driving in large Cakes that I am afraid I cant gett them brought over.
The Canoe returns & brings William Sack & Indian Peter, they report that the weather was so exceedingly bad they could not travel, and the Creeks and River Impassable, that the snow was so deep they could not walk, and, therefore, were forced to Return.
The wheelbarrow makers at work, 2 men making tomhawk handles, 2 making shingles for the Bake house, 6 men cleang the saw pitt, a party in the woods getting stuff, 6 Colliers at work.
This day 34 in the woods cutting & pointing pickitts, 2 making Tomhawk handles, 2 makg wheelbarrows, Colliers, bakers, sawers & Smiths at work.
Its clear weather but extream cold, a good deall of Ice in the river driving; John McCom, of Captn Jamisons Co., died this Evening in the Hospitall.
Its so cold & snows so hard to-day the soldiers cant work.
The wheel-wrights are at work, and the Tomhawk handle makers.
John McCom was buried to-day.
This day it snowed very hard all day, and the snow is deep on the ground, having snowed last night.
We could not have sermon nor prayers; the River drives with Ice yet.
This day it snows a little in the morng; at work in the woods getting firewood, 22; at the Coall Kill, 6; sawers, 2; making helves, 1; getting stuff for helves, 2; making wheelbarrows, 2.
Very cold, the Ice driving but very little.
Employs this day as follows: 22 men cutting pickets; 1 man pointing ditto; 6 men at the Coall; 2 sawers; 2 making tomhawk helves; 2 making wheel barrows; 9 putting beaff in ye smoak house; 2 workg at the bake housea clear cold day.
Employed as yesterdaysent 17 men out to hunt up any stragling horses that might be yet in the Province service, but could only find 4, which I have sent down to be discharged the service. The two Indians, William Sack & Indian Peter, applied to me for an Eschort to conduct them safe to the Conostoga Town. I accordingly sent Volunteer Hughes & 3 Soldiers and 4 horses, with orders to conduct them safe Home, they sett out from this at 5 P.M.this Evening it Rains and blows prodigiously.
Could not work today; it rained and blew prodigiously all last night and all this day. The saw pitt is full of water. The Doctr made Complaint this morning that there was a great deal of under water in the Hospitall; the Doctr told me that he thought he had bad success in his cures, which he imputed to the want of fresh Provisions & Vegetables; I acquainted the Doctr that I had some thought of Removing the Hospitall to fort Hallifax, or Fort Hunter, as soon as the weather would permit; he told me if that was not done many would loose their lives.
The River in a fine State for Battoeing.
Employed this day as follows; 29 men in the woods Cutting pickets; 2 Carpenters pointing do.; 2 Carprs making Tomhauk helves; 2 Carpenters making wheelbarrows; 2 Carpr working at the bake house, sawers Emptying the water out of the saw pitt; the Smiths at work & Colliers.
This day it blowd very hard & froze most severe.
Employed this day as yesterday; this day it frizes most intensely; the River is quite full of Ice; tho the people are at work, yet they cant do much.
This morning I ordered a Generall Parade of all the regement present, at 10 A.M., and prayers at 11 A.M., if the weather would permit.
Had the Generall parade accordingly, & found all the arms in good order, bright and quite Clean.
This day it frizes severe and is so extream cold that I omit prayers, ye Officers Complaing it was too severe.
Imployed this day as follows; 21 men in the woods cutting pickets, 2 pointing ditto, 6 Colliers, 2 men at the wheelbarrows, 2 making ax handles, 2 making the pork sistern, 4 sawers, 3 Bakers.
This day it frizes a little; more moderate then it has done for some days past; the River is quite full of Ice driving thick cakes.
This morning John Apelby, of Captn Salters Compa, died; 2 men employed in makg a Coffin for ditto.
Twenty-one men in the woods Cutting pickets, 1 pointing ditto, 6 Colliers, 2 making wheelbarrows, 2 making ax handles, 2 wagoners, 4 sawers, 2 at pork Sistern, 3 bakers, 4 Smiths.
Buried John Apelby this Evening; this day it snows a little; the River Continues full of Ice; finishd cutting pickets this evening; ye Adjutant reports they have cutt upwards of a thousand.
16th February, Wednesday
This morning Christian Holtsaple, of Captn Salters Company, died.
Seventeen men in the woods pilling of picketts & Cutting fire wood, 1 man pointing picketts, 6 Colliers, 4 Smiths, 4 Sawers, 3 Bakers, 2 Carpenters making a Coffin, 2 jointing planks for ye pork sistern, 2 making wheelbarrows, 2 making ax handles, 2 wagoners, 4 digging a grave.
At 11 A.M.. two men arrived here with Rum for Mr. Trapnell, & informed me that the battoes were laying weather bound at Berrys place.
At 12 M.D., Lewts. Davis and Clapham arrived here with a party of 13 men, & brought my letters & Confirmd the battoes being at Berrys place, under the Command of Captn Trump. The above Christian Holtsaple was buried this evening.
This day I was taken so ill that I could not read my letters; should have answered Coll Claphams letter, & Lewt. Coll Armstrongs, but my Indisposition would not permit. It thaughs to day much.
This day it rained so hard all day that the soldiers could not work out of doors; the River clear of Ice, and thaughs much. The 2 men at work making wheelbarrows; 1 making ax handles; Smiths & Bakers at work.
Fine clear weather. Employed to-day as follows: 21 in the woods cutting picketts & Cutting & pilling brush, 3 bakers, 6 Colliers, 4 sawers, 2 making wheel barrows, 2 pointing picketts, 2 jointg plank for the pork Sistern, 2 making ax helves, 2 making peddles, 2 Carters.
This day, at 1 P.M., Captn Trump arrived here with Ensignes Broadhead & Scott & the party & battoes, with 51 barrells flour; 3 hhds. of Rum, 1 faggott steel, 12 barrells pork.
At 2 P.M., it began to rain to-day; we have great difficulty in getting battoes unloaded; sent Sergt Lee to Carlisle, Express.
It rained all day to-day; no work done except empyting the battoes of the remainder of their loading, which is now all in the store; returned to full allowance of Provision, 1 lb, 2 oz. b. & 11/2 lb flour.
Had a Generall Revew of all the Regemt; appointed the party to wait Lieut. Coll Armstrongs orders.
The fort was so wett we could not have sermon nor prayers to-day.
Employed this day in preparing for a Generall Revew to be held at 4 P.M.; had a Generall Revew according to appointment; the River rises much; a Revew to-morrow at 9 A.M.
A Generall Revew at 9 A.M., when I Exersized the officers & Soldiers particularly in firing; appointed a party of 30 men to go with 10 battoes tomorrow, 10 more belonging to Hunters Fort & the Hospitall Consisting of 24 sick; Lewts Clayton & Clapham, & Ensigne Morgan goes with the party; fine weather.
This morning at 9, A.M., the party mentioned yesterday sett off from this for Hunters Fort with 10 battoes; 23 men lifting the picketts, 3 Carpenters new pointing do., 2 working at the pork Sistern; 2 wheel barrow makers; 4 making the Barrier gate; 6 Colliers; 2 making paddles; smiths & bakers at work; 10 dabing the bake house; fine weather; Cloudy.
Employed this day 2 making the wheel barrows, 2 at the pork sistern, 4 at the barrier gate, 3 pointing picketts, 3 bakers, 4 smiths, 4 sawers, 6 Colliers, 25 heaping brush, 12 lifting & setting pickets, 5 dawbing the bake house, 2 wagr; fine clear weather.
Employed this day 18 digg a place in the store for the pork sistern, 11 at the picketts, 15 getting stones for the Necessary house, 3 Carpenters pointing pickets, 4 at the Barrier Gates, 2 at the pork sistern, 2 making wheel barrows, 6 Colliers, 2 Sawers, 3Bakers, 4 Smiths, 2 Carters; fine weather; cold.
Employed 16 heaping brush, 14 digging for the pork sistern, 15 setting picketts, 6 Colliers, 3 Bakers, 4 Smiths, 2 Carters, 4 sawers, 2 making the pork sistern, 4 working at the barriers Gates, 2 at the wheel barrows, 3 sharping picketts.
This day at 12 oClock I sent out the Carters to the old house at the spring, to bring in some stones from thence, with a Covering party of a corporall & 7 men at 10 OClock; the Centreys being three in Number, was shott at by a party of Indians, upon hearing the fireing, I detached off Emsignes Broadhead & Allison with a party of 20 men to support the Covering party attacked; upon Mr. Broadheads approach with the party, the Indians from the lope of the mountain gave a Generall huza which Mr. Broadhead returned with his party & kept advancing upon the Enemy, the great shouts made me think their Numbers were Considerable. I immediately detauchd Captn Trump with an additionall party of 20 men & 2 Sergts with orders to oblige them to feight or to pursue them & try to surround them. Captn trump accordingly pursued them for an hour, but could not overtake them & returned with the whole party & brought with him two of the Centinalls that were killed & Scalpt by the Enemy. I immediately ordered a party to be draughted out of 50 men, 2 Sergts & 2 Corporalls, to be commanded by Captn Trump with the Ensignes Broadhead & Allison, give them 3 biskitts a man & ordered Captn Trump with this party to follow the Indians & come up with them at their fires in the night if possible, & their surround & destroy them. Captn Trump marcht to execute this order at 3 oClock, P.M.
5 of the Covering party returned to the Fort, having left the Corporall Barr in the feeld; the Carters afterwards returns with the Cart & horses; the Corporall joined Ensigne Broadheads party & pursued the Enemy; as I find these 5 of the Covering party ran off in disobedience to the Corporalls orders, which was to advance upon the Enemy & sustain the Centinalls, I have Confined them for Cowardice.
This day it began to snow at 1 OClock very hard, & Continued so all day.
It Continues to snow very much. This morning at 11 A.M. Captn Trump returns with his party, & Reports that he followed the tracks of the Indians (which he thinks steared their Course up the North branch in the parralel of one mile distance from the River) until dark, then he marcht the same Course as nigh as he Could until 11 OClock P.M., the weather being very severe, it snowing very hard, & the snow deep fatigued the soldiers so much that severall of them gave out & Could march no further, upon which Captn Trump marcht to the Top of a high mountain, being 14 miles from Fort Augusta, to Endeavour to discover the Indians fires, in Conformity to the orders given him, but making no discovery he haulted his party some time and returned.
John Lee arrived here with a party of 8 men and the Indians Named William Sam, William Taylor & his wife, Mary & James Narrows, being on their way to the Ohio in the service of the Government.
It Continues to snow hard and frizes; no prayers on accot of the severity of the weather.
Employed 11 with the wagon; 6 Colliers; 4 Sawers; 4 Smiths; 3 Bakers; 30 heaping brush; 6 digging in the store; 2 making wheel barrows; 4 working at the Barrier Gates. This day the Indians Intimated to me that they wanted to be supplyed with sundry Necessarys to Enable them to do the same.
Upon which, in conformity to the Governors orders, in his passport, I furnished them with two Province Guns, two Tomhauks, three poudder horns full of poudder, lead in Proportion, one shott pouch & poudder horn, 40 lb. of biskitt, 1 _ lb. of beaff, 10 lb. of pork, & 2 qts. of rum.
The Indians sett out at 4 P.M. I sent them over the River in two Canoes, and landed them at the little Run in the Gape of the mountain, opposite to the sally Port; when they parted with me; they told me they would be back again in one month if the weather proved Good; if not, in two months; that they would go first to Chinglechamush, from thence to Bachaloons, that they would bring friendship along with them, all this Indians they could, men, woman & Children, to Fort Augusta, & that would hang up a Red Handkercheeff, as a signall, in the head of their Canoe, or at their fire place, if they should sleep nigh this Fort.
Extream cold weather, & 2 Inches of snow over all the Ground.
Fort Augusta, 1757
March 1st, Tuesday
Employed this day, 34 heaping of brush; 13 with the wagon hawling picketts; 2 Carpenters hanging the front barrier gate; 2 do. making the gate posts, &ca., for the back barrier gate; 2 making the pork sistern; 2 making wheelbarrows; 4 sawers; 4 Smiths; 3 Bakers; 2 Candle makers; 6 Colliers; 4 digging in the store for the pork sistern.
Mounted a pickett Guard this Evening of 1 Corporall & 6 men outside of the Fort; appointed a court of Inquiry into the Conduct of the Corporall & his party that was attackd by the Indians on Saturday last.
The ground Continues Covered with snow & hard froze.
The seven Companys of the Regement in Garrison here are each man served with one half pint of poudder, 12 bullets & 96 swan shott, being in all 20 rounds.
This day I have a return of 11 men whose time of Inlistments are expired & refuse to do duty.
Employed to-day 44 pilling brush in the woods, 6 Carpenters working at the Barrier gates, 2 making wheel barrows, 17 with the wagon, 6 Colliers, 4 smiths, 4 Sawers, 3 bakers, 2 making Candles; fine clear weather & thawing to-day.
Employed 4 Carpenters at the barrier gates, 2 at the pork sistern, 2 making piquetts, 23 in the woods, 26 setting piquetts, 8 working in the store assisting the Carpenters at the pork sisterns, 4 working at the gate, 6 Colliers, 4 smiths, 4 sawers, 3 Bakers and 2 wagoners.
Fine clear weather & thawing; at 8 P.M. began to Rain very hard & Continued all this night.
Employed to day as follows: 2 Carpenters at the pork sistern; 4 at the saly barrier gate; 2 making a gate for the outline of piquetts; 3 digging in the store; 6 Colliers; 4 smiths; 3 Bakers; 39 heaping brush.
A soft day, but raing with Intermitions.
Employed 19 with the wagon, 2 Carpenters at the pork sistern, 2 hanging the back barrier gate, 2 at the out piquet Gate, 2 making wheel barrows, 45 men setting piquetts, 4 sawers, 4 smiths, 3 bakers, and 1 mason & two men at the well of the necessary house, 3 Cleaning out the store; fine Clear weather to-day.
Main Guard consists of 1 Sergient, 1 Corporall, 1 Drum, 2 Padroles, 18 Private, 23; Centinalls, 6.
Piquett Guard of 1 Sergient, 1 Corporall, 6 Private, 8; Centinalls, 2; one officer.
This day it blew very hard and was prodigiously cold, on this account I postponed the Generall Revew until the evening; had a Generall Revew at 4 P.M.. when I had all the arms & Accutraments Examined, and as I thought it Necessary to make a speech to ye whole Regement Pubickly, upon the occasion of the time for which they insisted being Expired of some, and nigh expiring for the whole Regement. I accordingly spoak to them to the following purpose:
Telling them that I had a report delivered to me by Adjutant Allison of sundry men in the Regement who said their times of Inlistments were expired, and on that account had delivered up their arms & accutraments to the officers in their respective Compys, & absolutely refused doing duty, which laid me under an obligation to talk to them thus publickly: Gentlemen & fellow soldiers, I must first put you in mind of the Cause for which we were sent heither. Was it not for to maintain the Honr & Just rights of Our Glorious Sovereigne & the Protection of our Country? Did we not all seemingly, Chearfully Embrace this Opportunity of serving our King & Country? Have we not taken possession of this Ground, which is allowed to be a place of great Importance, & have we not maintained it, and built a strong Fort upon it, and has not these works been erected at a vast Charge to the government, & would all this been done with no further view then to make a parade to Shamochan? Surely this cant be the Case, & would you like a parcel of dastardly poltroons, abandon these works & leave the Kings fort with its Gates open to Receive the Enemys of the Crown of Great Britain? Why, mearly, because your times for which you was inlisted expired, & you are not obligated, you think, to do the Duty you owe by Nature to your Gratious Sovereigne & bleeding Country. For shame! forever shame! everlasting Infamy & just Reproach will attend you & all your Generations after you, was you to attempt to act such a base parta part so unbecoming the Character of a Protestant Britaina part that would give just cause to the last of your seed to Curse you. And lett me tell you, Gentlemen, that I think the step already taken by a few of you tends nothing to your Reputation; on the Contrary, your delivering up your arms, &ca., to your officers without previously acquaintg me and having my authority for so doing, is a great step towards mutiny, & I would advise you to be Cautious how you venture to persist in this unwarranted measure, and rest assured that at all events I will not suffer the Kings Fort to be left without a Garrison to Defend it.
Now, Gentlemen, as I have laid the matter Clearly before you, I would have you rely, upon my Honr, that as soon as the Garrison can be releavd with the Conveniency of the Government Regularly, there shall not one man of you be obliged to continue in the service, whose time may be expired, unless you enter anew Voluntarily, & that you will Receive pay for every day you do duty in the service, & have a Regular discharge, & would have you all Consider maturely of this; & those of you that say you are already free, to come to me to-morrow & acquaint me with your Conclusions; in the meantime, be very Carefull you determine to act Right, and dont attempt to pretend Ignorance, as I have Publickly showed you the Consequences of a Contrary part.
Employed this day, 17 Cutting piquetts, 40 setting piquetts & digging, 4 smiths, 4 sawers, 10 Taylors mending the watch Coats, 3 Bakers, 8 Carpenters.
The following Soldiers who say their times of Inlistments are expired came to me in a body this day, vizt:
Colls CompyJohn McMath, William Armstrong, Michael Stows
Majors Co.Richd Smith
C. Lloyds Co.Lawrence Lamb, Willm Little, Wm. Supple, Archd Kelso
C. Hambrights Co.Hugh Donaly
They told me that they had served the time for which they had Inlisted, & would go home and serve no longer. However, upon my talking with them and repeating in a great measure what I had told them the day before, they Consented to stay and do duty, relying as they said, on my honr to fulfill what I had engaged to them.
There is free men in the Regement doing duty besides those above mentioned, and who have never applied to me:
Colls Co., Peter Smith; Majors Co., Sergt Gotlip; Captn Shippens Co., John Martin.
Fine Clear Weather.
Employed 8 Carpenters, 4 smiths, 3 bakers, 4 Sawers, 42 Setting piquetts, 21 Cuttg ditto, 1 wheelbarrow maker.
More men free today, vizt:
Colls Compa. Alexr Logan; Captn Lloyds Co., George McClenehan, Neall McCallip, John Crofrost.
This day the Sergt Major Reports that Wm. Little, of Captn Lloyds Compa, refuses duty absolutely of any kind, & Neall McCallep refuses to do any other then soldiers duty.
Fine clear weather to-day; heazy towards evening & a little rain; the River high and rising.
9th March, Wednesday
Employed to-day, 37 setting of piquetts, 17 Cutting piquetts, 8 Carpenters Cutting logs for a little house, putting up platforms, making wheelbarrows, &ca., 4 Smiths, 4 Sawers, 3 Bakers.
Fine clear weather to-day; the River falling.
This day it snowed so much that no work could be done.
At Noon, came down from the North Branch in a Canoe with English Collours flyg, 5 Indians, one Named Nathaniell, & 4 more; they showed me Governour Dennys Pasport, and told me they were ordered to inform me the Jo. Peepey and 90 Indians more would be down here to-morrow or next day; & further, that they were ordered to desire me to send an Express Immediately upon their arrival, to Inform George Crogham Esqr, of the same, and I accordingly sent John Lee, John Boham & Benja. Nicholson off this night, 12 P.M., in a Canoe.
I reced the Indians kindly, and told them I would Receive them all in the same manner. They were pleasd & thankt me.
Employed to-day, 17 in the woods, 8 Carpenters, 37 setting piquetts, 4 Sawers, 4 Smiths, & 3 Bakers; a fine Clear day; nothing materiall.
Employed to-day, 30 setting piquetts, 18 Cutting Piquetts, &ca., in the woods; 7 Carpenters, at work, 4 smiths, 4 sawers, 3 Bakers.
This Evening Indian Nathaniell Informed me that he saw his Brother at Tiogo, who told him he was just come from Fort De Quesne, &before he left that place that 6 Frenchmen and 3 Indians had sett out from thence in order to come & vew the works at Fort Augusta; fine clear weather.
This morning, at the request of the Indians, I sent one soldier & one Indian up the River to meet the Indians, & to inform them of the welfare of their friends here, & that they should meett with a good reception.
At 2 P.M., to-day the Indian Fleet hove in sight with two stand of English Collours flying, Consisting of 15 Canoes & 3 Battoes, they fired two rounds, & which I answered from the upper Bastion of the piquetts, & welcomed them here with three Huzas; there was on bd upwards of 90 Indians, many of which Kings & Cheeffs of their People, they all expressd a good deal of satisfaction at their meeting us here, & told me upon their arrival that they hurried to come here, as they had good Intelligence the French Intended Immediately to besiege this Fort, & they were afraid that the Enemy would gett before them.
They informed me that they mett sundry warriors comeing down upon This Province; some of whome they turned back; others would not obey them; however they advised them to turn back, otherwise it would not be good for them, that if they struck the English they should not be able to gett Home.
Towards the Evening Jo. Peepy informed me that the Indians had been in Councell for sometime, & that the Kings & Cheeffs desired to meett me in Councell at my Home one hour hence; at 8 P.M. they meett me in Councell at my House, when Thomas, Deputy King at Kemeosquagy opened the Councell with three strings of Wampom, to the follg purpose:
My Dear Brothers:--Now we come from the Indian Country to see you at our house here, & we dispel the Clouds that you may see Clear Sun shine, and we wipe the tears all off you Eyes that you may see your Brothers clear & well.
My Dear Brother, It is a Certain thing that your ground here is all Bloody, & we come to clean away all the blood that you may sett clean & well.
My Dear Brother, we are all one, we are Brothers, the French have killed many of our People, but we all, the six Nations, have Councelled to be English from this time forth, & we Clean your hearts of everything that you may give answer to your Brothers well when you speak this Evening. Two Delaware Indians came down the North Branch in a Canoe; The Indians had spoak with these two Warriers, & the Warriors told them they were going to warr upon Shamochan; & the Indians advised them not to; but at the time they would not be restrained; but, thinking better of it afterwards, they Determined to sett off in a Canoe after the Indians & take their advice, which they accordingly did, & arrived here in the Evening.
It Blowd very hard to-day & raind.
This day it rained all day so that I could not work.
At dusk this evening John Lee arrived here.
The Indians informed me that they would sett of from this for John Harriss on Wednesday morning and I acquainted them that I should gett Necessarys ready for them.
This day 30 men at work upon the picketts, 4 Carpenters at the Little house, 4 Smiths, 3 bakers, 2 wheel barrow makers.
This day a Canoe went down the River; thought there was men in her; sent out three partys of Indians to Reconoiture.
Intended to send a Canoe this Evening to John Harris, but the Indians Interrupted me. It is cold to-day.
This day it frizes prodigiously & blows hard.
Employed 17 men in the woods with the Cart, hawling stuff for the wheelwrights and little house, 6 Carpenters at work, 4 sawers, 4 smiths & 3 bakers.
This day at 11 OClock A.M., the Indians being in Number a hundred sett out from this for John Harriss, in Battoes; sent Ensigne Alleson in a Canoe to conduct them with particular orders for that purpose.
This day at 5 P.M., thirty more Indians arrived here, Conducted by William Printy, amongst whome was Monicatutha & Seneca George.
The Indians informed me that they mett six warrier Indians going to warr agt the flett heads and wanted to know if I did not think it would be right to stop them in the morning & persuade them to go to Harriss; & they told me as I said they would do, I told them to stop them.
These Indians behaved very well; pretty good weather; the River high.
This morning the Indian Cheefs desired to speak with me when It suited me; I told the messenger I should be very glad to see them derectly.
They accordingly waited of me at 10 A.M., & informed me that there was eight hundred French & Indians marcht from Fort De Quesne agt this fort, and they were actually arrived at the head of the West Branch of this River, and were there making Canoes & would Come down as soon as they were made, & desired me to believe this for truth, to be upon my Guard, and to fight as long as I had one man alive.
I gave them for answer that I was very much obliged to them for this peace of Intellegence, that I was ready to Receive the Enemy, & that they might Depend I would follow their advice.
They sett out from this at Noon.
Employed 30 men at the Ditch, 26 in the woods bringing home piquetts, 6 Carpenters, 4 blacksmiths, 4 sawers, 3 bakers. blew hard at south.
Employed to-day 12 Carprs, 26 in the woods, 27 in the Trinch, 5 working at the oven, 4 smiths, 4 sawers, 3 Bakers.
Fine clear weather to-day.
Thought it my duty to work to-day. Employed 56 men at the Ditch, 11 Carpenters, 5 making the oven, 3 bakers, 4 smiths, & 4 sawers.
It was a little cold to-day, but no frost; inclineable to Rain.
Employed to-day 24 in the woods with the wagon, 24 at the Trinch, 4 Bakers, 10 Carpenters, 4 Smiths, 4 Sawers, 3 Bakers, 4 Masons. At Noon, turned out to work at the Trinch all the Cooks, Servts & Guard, amountg to 55; then the horses could hawl no more piquetts, so employed the wood party in the Ditch.
This day at 12 OClock eight Indians came down the River with English Collours flying; they Confirmed the Intellegence I had Reced of the approach of the enemy to this Fort, & further told me they would come down both branches of the River at once. I wrote one letter to the Coll & one to Captn Jamison by them, they sett off from this abt 1 P.M.
Heazy weather to day, with rain towards evening.
This day it rained so bad that we could do very little work, altered the plettforms in the Bastion, where the flag staff is, & Cutt new loop holes.
Raind all last night & all this day.
Employed to-day 24 men wt an officer in the woods, 11 Carpenters, 4 Smiths, 4 Sawers, & 3 bakers, the ground is all Covered with snow, & Exceeding wett that we Cant possible work at ye trinches.
We had an allarm this evening by four of the Centinalls along the River, some of them said it was battoes came down the west branch; others, that they heard 20 guns fired down the River nigh to Shamochan hill; others, that the guns was fired a little below the spring; another that it was a large Rock tumbled off the mountain into the River.
I doubled the Centinalls this evening, & gave orders that officers & soldiers should sleep with their Clothes on to-night; which Captn Shippen & I did, upon a skin on the floor.
Employed to-day, 27 working at the Plattforms, 11 Carpenters, 25 in the woods, 4 sawers, 4 smiths, 3 Bakers.
This evening at 6 P.M. Captn Lloyd, Captn Jamison, Lewt. Clark, Lewt. Clapham, Ensigne Morgan & Ensigne Grayden, & Parson Steele arrived here with a party of ___ men; 7 Battoes loaded with 6,267 lb. of flour; 40 lbs. fresh beaff for the sick; fine Clear weather today. but the Trinches so wett that theirs no possibility of working in ym.
It Rained so hard all day that it was Impossible to work; The river rising.
This day it Raind so hard that no work was done.
It snowed & rained so much to-day that we Could not have sermon, but we had prayers towards Evening in a Generall parade, and the Chaplain prayed in each of ye barracks & the Hospitall.
Employed this day, 69 in the woods heaping & burning brush, 16 working at the platforms, 11 Carpenters, 5 smiths, 4 sawers, 3 bakers.
Lewt Clapham left this, this evening at dark in a Canoe; fine Clear day.
It Rained so much all day that no work could be done.
This day I was informed by Captn Trump that one hundred of the Soldiers are determined to go off from hence, in a body, the 1st Aprile. I Remonstrate agt it as much as in my power.
It rained all day, no work Could be done.
This day it was Captn Lloyds tour of duty to mount Guard, which he refused, giving for Reason that he was the Colls Aid-de-Camp.
This day employed 21 men with the wagon, 46 burning brush, 11 Carpenters at work,__smiths, 4 sawers, 3 bakers.
This day Captn Lloyd beggd leave to mount Guard, & was permitted accordingly. I was given to understand that all the soldiers whose times of Inlistments were expired are determined to leave the Fort to-morrow.
Clear weather to-day, but rain towards the evening.
1st Aprile, Friday
Employed 11 Carpenters, 21 setting piquetts, 33 working in the woods, 5 smiths, 4 sawers, 3 bakers. This evening at dusk, Mr. James Hughes went of from this with 3 men in a Canoe to Harriss. This evening, at 11 P.M., Captn Hambright & Captn Young, the pay master, arrived here.
This day, at 2 P.M., Captain Patterson arrived here with his Compy.
Nothing materiall to-day; rain to-day.
Had a Generall Revew this morning & afterwards sermon; mustered all the Regt.
It Rained to-day; the Revd Mr. steel Spoak to the Regt publickly, and so did I.
Employed to-day 11 Carpenters on the walls, 12 men with them 5 smiths, 4 sawers, 3 bakers, 43 working at the Trench.
As I found a Generall resolution prevailing in the Regt, that the soldiers now free would not inlist again for any longer time then 12 months, I thought it for the good of the service to take this matter into Consideration, & accordingly, I called a Councell of all the Captns in the Regt.
PresentCaptains Lloyd, Shippen, Jamison, Hambright, Trump; Capt. Lewt. Davis; Commissy Young; Chaplain Steell.
I told the Gentn that it was my opinion that it would be for the advantage of the service at present, as we were here Situate to take the men for 12 mos rather then they should leave this place, but that I should be glad to know their minds upon this occasion, & found that they were all of my opinion, except Captn Lloyd. I told them that I had power from the Governour to Inlist for 12 mos, & if they could not gett the men for a longer time they might inlist them for 12 months, when Captn Lloyd answered me as follows: By god, I will not be Captn of a 12 months Company, any of the rest of them may do what the please; & upon my reproving him he went off in a passion.
This day could get no work done. Commissary Young went of from this in a Battoe; the Doctr, George Allen and 9 men more after dark.
This day, at 12 at noon, Captn Hanbright & Ensigne McKee left this with a party of 60 battoe men, 40 of the Hospitall, and upwards of 100 freemen, & 11 battoes.
A party of 6 of the freemen returned, they could not gett over Shamochan Creek; they sett out again a little before dark.
It Rained & thundered prodigeousely this evening.
Employed to-day in digging down the Bank opposite to the Sally port, & Gathering pine knotts & padle stuff, & bringing it home; brought two Cart load of pine knotts.
Captn Patterson sett off this Eveng after dark with a party of 10 men to go up the West branch in quest of Intellegence, and had my orders as follows:
To proceed up the west branch of this River as farr as Shinglaclamush, keeping a good look out all the way, & marching as Closs to the River as he could, in order to discover of any body of the Enemy was upon the River; & if he should make a Discovery, to be very particular in Endeavouring to observe the Numbers, & what they were employed about, and to bring a prisoner, if he found it any ways practicable, but not to Discover himself or any of his party if he could avoid it; to observe whither the Enemy was Cheefly composed of French or Indians. If he should discover a Body of the Enemy to post himself and party on the tope of the most Convenient adjacent hill, to be free from discovery, & have at the same time a good prospect of the Enemy, and there to lay one day, making particular observations of theur motions; & in case he should discover any particular place that they frequented to march to that place in the night, & lay in ambush until morning and try all he could to bring of a prisoner, which he might find santering out by himself; and in this Case to Return to this fort with all Convenient speed; Recommending to come by water if he could find Canoes.
But in Case he should make no discovery between & Shinglaclamush, not at that place, to proceed up the South branch of the River, from the Fork at Shinglaclamush, & examine that branch, & follow the above orders, to go to the head of that branch; and if he found the Enemy was not there, to return to Shinglaclamush, and to go up the North branch from that place; & if he did not find any of the Enemy then neither, to return to Fort Augusta; I have given him a red flagg & a watch word, being LONDON.
These orders I gave Verball, not thinking it prudent to give him them in writing, least they should fall into the hands of the Enemy. I told him these orders severall times over, least he should forgett them and omitt any part of them; & he told me he understood them perfectly; fair weather, Cheefly Cloudy.
Employed to-day in gathering pine knotts, & bringing them into the Fort, & preparing loggs for Captn Hambrights room.
This morning we were allarmed by some of Captn Pattersons party firing three guns; they lay over the River, we saw their fire place. Sent a party over the River which Brot over the Canoes that Captn Patterson Carried over ye river. Fine Clear weather, but so much water in the Ditch we could not work upon ye Parapett. River Rises prodigiously.
Employed in bringing pine knotts, & building Captn Hambrights Room.
Fine clear weather; the water still remains in the Ditch, so that we cant work; ye river very high.
This day we had a Generall Revew at 10 A.M., & Sermon at 11 A.M. and 4 P.M.; fine Clear weather; river falling.
Thirty men employed at the Ditch to day under the Immediate Derection of Captn Shippen. Carpenters building Captn Hanbrights room, under the Derection of Captn Trump.
Employed the guard to Gravell some places in the Fort. Fine Clear weather to-day, and the River falling.
It Rained all this day; no work could be done; River falling.
Employed 20 men at the Ditch, 10 men getting firewood & Covering the Cart, 7 Carpenters making Captn Hambrights room.
Fine clear weather; river falling.
Employed 10 men at the Ditch, 8 men wt the Cart fetching fire wood, 1 mason & 1 man plastering Captn Hambrights room, 5 Carpenters at work, 2 smiths, 2 bakers.
It Rained to-day, afternoon; were obliged to give over working, it Continues to Rain very hard.
It rained all last night and all this day, so that no work can be done of any kind.
This day so much water in the Ditch, I could not work upon them. Employed 24 in the woods malling Rails for a garden fence, 12 Clearing a Garden, 3 smiths and 3 Bakers. The river rises.
Had a Generall Revew & Sermon at Noon. It rained this afternoon; we were obliged to ommitt Sermon. River rises much.
This day there was so much water in the Ditch I could not work upon the parapett. Clearing ground for a Garden, & maling rails for do. Clear weather.
Working as yesterday. This morning John Lee arrived here, & a man from Saml Scotts with shoes to sell. Clear weather.
Employed 13 in the woods gettg rails for the Garden fence, 18 working at the Ditch, 3 Smiths, 8 Carpenters raising the walls. Clear weather; river falling.
It Rained very hard all this day; no work could be done.
It was too wett to-day to work at the Ditch. Employed 22 men at Garden clearing and bringing rails & putting up ye fence; the Carpenters squairing loggs.
I was informed this day that the officers were a good deall uneasy abt a report that prevailed in the Garrison, vizt: that the Officers of this Regt was to be brok & that the Commissrs had their friends prepared to Recruit & fill up the vacancys.
I sent for severall of the Officers & inquired into this affair, & found that there was some thoughts amongst them, & I traced the foundation of this story & found it proceeded from Captn Lloyd. I told the Gentn that I thought there was no proper ground for entertaining such ridiculous storys, & desired they might make themselves Easy; & further, that I would venture to assure them there Could be nothing in it.
Employed 32 working at the Parapett, 7 Carpenters making step leathers, &ca., 3 smiths, 3 bakers.
Clear weather before noon, afterwards showry, & hard rain in the evening.
This day it rained Cheefly. Had a Generall revew of the Regement to-day, at 12M; at 4 P.M., had Church. At dark John Lee sett off from this.
Employed to-day at the Parapett___ men, ___Carpenters at the walls; a party of ___ getting fire wood.
This day at Noon Captn Patterson arrived with his party all well; they came down the River upon Rafts; Captn Patterson Reports, that he marchd from hence Shinglaclamuch, that he Tract the 4 Canostogo Indians, who were sent by Mr. Croghan to the Ohio on Governmt Business & left this Fort on ye 28th Feby, great part of their way thither, and observed by the Tracs that they were mett by a party of warriers from the Ohio, in Compy with whome he supposed by the Traes they went to the Ohio; that he saw ye Tracs of a large party that had come from the Ohio abt a month agoe, as he supposes, & had marcht the Road towards Cumberland County.
That he marcht to Shinglaclamuch, saw no Indians nor French, either upon his march or at the Town; the Road leads from Buchaloons passes along by Shinglaclamuch & forks on the south side of Susquahanna River, at the distance of abot 40 miles from that Town; one road from that fork leads to fort Augusta, and the other to Cumberland county; that both these roads were very much frequented, & it appeared to him the Enemy used them Constantly when they came to make their Incursions upon this Province; that the Cheeff part of the houses at Shinglaclamuch were burnt down, and he Immajand that no Indians had lived there a long time; that he was obliged to return from Shinglaclamuch, not being able to proceed for want of Provisions, he & his party having lived upon Walnutts for three days; the country there was so excessively mountainous that they could not find any Game to kill, & the men were not able to travel any further in this situation, which obliged him to Return down the River on Rafts.
This Evening Captn Hambright, Lewt. Garraway, & the Ensignes McKee & Hughes arrived here with a party of 90 men & 16 Battoes loaded with stores for the use of the Garrison. Captn Hambright informs me that there is a Detachmt to come up with the pay mastr of 100 to reinforce this Garrison.
It rained today, & being employed in getting the Battoes, &ca., unloaded, I could not do any work; the Revd Mr. John Steell has leave of absence from this day until the 1st June.
Sent off Captn Hambright, Lieut. Allen & Ensigne Miles to Hunters for stores, with a party of 44 men and 15 Battoes; they left this at 4 P.M. I am under a Necessity to give soldiers discharges; rainy.
Employed this day at the Garden, the Ditch being too wett; Captn Wetherholt & Lewt. Handshaw arrived here to-day at Noon with a Detachmt of 50 men with orders from Lieut. Coll Weiser to reinforce this Garrison; clear weather.
Employed to-day at the Ditch, and 6 men at the Garden; the soldiers gett very anxious to have their discharges; fine clear day.
Employed to-day 6 men at the Garden, 35 at the Ditch; 6 Carpenters; 2 Smiths, 3 Bakers.
This afternoon Mr. Hugh Crawfurd arrived here with two Indians & 4 soldiers; fine clear weather.
Employed to-day 6 men in the Garden, 35 in the Ditch, 2 Smiths & 3 bakers; fine Clear weather to-day; river fallg very much; the two Indians went away to-day, at Noon, up the North branch in a Canoe.
1st May, 1757, Sunday
This day at 2 P.M., I sent 4 men to Fort Hallifax that Eschorted the Indian & his wife heither; I sent the horse likewise. River fallg; Clear.
Employed 9 Carpenters, 3 Bakers, 29 at the Parapett, 17 in the woods, 6 in the Garden, 2 Sawers. Fine clear weather.
Employed to-day 9 Carpenters, 14 at the Garden, 12 with the wagon, 34 at the Parapett, 3 bakers, 3 smiths. Fine clear weather.
Employed 29 at the Parapett, 22 with the Cart & in the Garden, 9 Carpenters, 3 smiths, 3 bakers.
This day, at Noon, John Lee arrived here & informed me that Captn Morgan & Lewt. Ingle, with 30 men, were upon the march heither, & had under their Eschort 44 bullocks for the use of this Garrison; he said he left them on this side Shamochan mountain.
Captn Morgan & Lieut. Ingle arrived at 2 P.M., with the party, & informed me they left the Cattle abt 1 _ miles Distance from this, under the Care of two soldiers, upon which I immediately sent a Guard of 1 Sergt & 12 men to the Bullocks.
At 3 P.M. I had an allarm; I sent Captn Jamison, Lieuts. Garaway & Clark with a party of 50 men to the Bullocks to support the Sergts Comd there; found the allarm false.
At 4 P.M., the Indians named William Taylor & his wife, & Jamy Narrow arrived here from the Ohio.
Employed 9 Carpenters, 29 at the Parapett, 18 making Rails for the bullock pen, 14 guarding the Cattle, 3 smiths, 3 bakers, 2 sawers; in Garden.
This day, Indian William Taylor informed me that the party that killed the two Centinalls had left two letters, the one from an English woman Prisoner (whom he saw) the other from the French officer that Commanded the party to me here.
I sent a party derectly to hunt for these letters, but they return & inform me they Could not find them.
William Taylor further informs me that the French & Indians are determined to come in a Large body & besiege Fort Augusta, when the leaves is the size of a Dollar. He says they are in great want of Provisions at Venengo, & that there is a French Fort there.
Employed to-day 33 at the Parapetts, 10 in the Garden, 13 with the Cattle, 15 in the woods, 9 Carpenters, 3 bakers, 3 smiths.
This day, at Noon, Captn Hanbrights, Captn Young, &ca., arrived here with 17 Battoes. The Indians, William Taylor & James Narrow, & Wm. Taylors wife, sett out from hence in a Canoe for John Harriss. I sent in the Canoe John Carter with orders to deliver the Indians to John Harris.
Employed to-day 33 at the Parapett, 10 in the Garden, 13 garding the Cattle, 15 in ye woods, 9 Carpenters, 3 bakers, 3 smiths.
This day the Commissary Mustered all the Regt. Fine Clear weather.
No sermon to-day; had a Generall Revew of the Regt & Detachmts. Fine clear weather.
Employed to-day at the Parapett, at the Garden, in the woods, &ca.; clear weather.
Employed as yesterday; the paymastr sett off from hence wt him the Captns Morgan & Patterson, Lieuts. Ingle & Miles, & Ensigne Patterson, at 8 A.M., with a party of 15 soldiers & 13 Battoes. This evening a great many dischd men went from hence; fine weather.
It rained so much to-day that I could not work at the Parapett nor at any other thing, so no work done to-day.
John Meech, at 6 P.M., Express from Ft. Hallifax.
Employed to-day at the Garden & in the woods; too wett for working at the Parapett.
Employed to-day at the Garden, the Ditch being too wett; cold weather.
Employed to-day in the woods, at ye Garden, & building officers room, being too wett to work at the Ditch. River falling.
This morning at 8 A.M., the following Gentn sett out from hence to go a Recruiting, vizt.; Captns Lloyd, Shippen, Jamison, Hambright & Trump, Captn Lieut. Davis & Lieut. Clark, in the battoes mand with dischd soldiers; at 11 A.M. the Indian left this; fine Clear weather, river fallg.
Employed at the Garden and ye bank.
Employed to-day at the Ditch, and Garden, and officers rooms.
Employed as yesterday; this day at 11 A.M., Captn Patterson arrived here with the Battoes, & brought 2 four pound Canon.
Employed to-day at the Parapett 14 men; sent off the Battoes to fort Hallifax, under the Command of Lieut. Henshaw, at 10 A.M.
Recd information this evening that a Number of Indian tracts were seen one mile & a half distance from the Fort; ordered Captn Patterson, Ensignes Allison & McKee and a party of 30 men to follow the tracs early to-morrow morning, & Endeavour to come up with them, & Kill & take Prisoners the whole if they Could.
Captn Patterson and the party marched early this morning agreeable to orders.
Captn Patterson returns at 10 A.M., and reports that the tracs were some days old, and that he could not follow them farr.
Employed at the Ditch, & 14 Cattle Guard.
Employed 25 at the Barrk, 14 Cattle Guard, 8 Carprs, 6 at the Garding, 2 sawers, 2 bakers, 4 smiths.
This Evening 2 men, Named Wolf & Hamilton, arrived here Express; Woolf from Lieut. Ingle from Reading.
Ordered a Generall Revew of ye Garrison to-morrow, at 11 A.M.
This morning I was informed by the lower Centrys of the Palasades, that severall Indian Hallows were heard over the River; detauchd Captn Patterson, Lieuts. Garraway & Clayton, & a party of 40 men over the River this morning, at 8 A.M. after the Enemy.
Detauchd Ensignes Brodhead & Miles with a small Reconoitering party of 12 men over the mountain by the spring, as I have some Reason to suspect the Enemy lurking there from my observation this night.
11 A.M. One of the soldiers of the Bullock Guard brought me in 3 Indian spears they gott by a tree that supports the spout at ye spring, & the tracs fresh.
Ordered the Bullock Guard in with the bullocks. I suppose these Indians laying wait for the Centrys on the Bullocks, observg the Reconoitering party, went of so precipitantly they could not Recover their spears.
Ordered the Bullock Guard, under the Comd of Sergt Major Falconer, to march Immediately to the top of the Hill on the other side the spring, and there lay with the party Conceald, untill he should hear Ensigne Broadhead attack, & then to march Immediately to his support.
EnsigneBroadhead returns with his party & reports that he came upon Indians tracs fresh, & pursued, but Could not overtake the Enemy.
At 3 P.M. Captn Patterson, & Lieuts. Garraway & Clayton returns with the party, & Captn Patterson reports that he saw first a great many fresh Indians tracs between this & Gabriells place, upon which he divided his party into three parts, one under his own Comd, one under the Comd of Lieut. Garraway, & one under the Comd of Lieut. Clayton, that under Comd of himself marching over the mountain, that under the Comd of Lieut. Garraway by the River, and that under Comd of Lieut. Clayton in the Centre. On the tope of ye Mountain in this Position the followed the tracs, Came up with the Enemys fires at Gabriells, but the Enemy had discovered them & fled before them; they saw severall of them on flats in the River, but having neither Battoes nor Canoes they Could not gett at them; ranged the woods round Gabriells & marcht to Mahaneoy & returned home.
At 5 P.M. Had a Generall Revew of the Garrison; found the Arms, &ca., in good order. Dry weather; river falling.
Employed 30 men at the Parapett; 6 went to the Island, a Covering party for the Carpenters getting shingles, 14 with the Bullocks, 3 in the Garden, 2 Sawers, 4 blacksmiths, & 2 bakers. Fine rain to-day.
Employed 31 men on the parapett, 3 in the Gairden, 14 bullock gaird, 8 Carpenters, 2 sawers, 4 smiths, 2 bakers.
Ordered the officer and old guard to Reconoiter every morning; they came off Guard by Rotation, by day break. Fine clear weather.
Employed as yesterday. Nothing materiall.
Employed to-day 31 men at the Parapett, 4 in the Garden, 14 on the bullock guard, 8 Carpenters, 2 sawers, 4 smiths, 2 bakers.
This morning at 9 the Battoes arrived under the Command of Lieut. Handshaw loaded. Mr. Handshaw reports to me that he lay at Gabriells place last night Contrary to his Inclination, being forced to do so by the battoemen who stopt here long before sun down and told him that they would proceed no further; that the reason he heard of this determination of the Battoemen was that if they should arrive at Fort Augusta last night they knew the Major would dispatch them next day for Hunters, but if they stayed there that night they Could not well be sent from Augusta before Saturday morning. Mr. Handshaw was under a necessity to order draughts from each Battoe to join the soldiers to make up a Guard last night, which the Battoe men absolutely refused, and behaved with great Contempt, during the whole Voyage, to Mr. Handshaw and all the officers; upon the party, upon their arrival here, Complaint being made to me, I ordered three of them Confined.
Employed to-day as yesterday. This morning the Battoemen sent me a message acquainting me that they were coming to me to know the reason that Battoemen was Confined; I sent for answer that if they had anything to say to me they might send one or two of their number, but if they attempted to come to me in a body, I would with my own hands, shoot the first man that approachd; upon which two of their number came & told me that in their aggreamnt with Mr. Young they were to do nothing but work the Battoes; I gave them for answer the present smalness of my Garrison laid me under a Necessity to do for the good of the service as well as I could; that if once the Garrison was reinforced the Battoemen would not have anything to do but work their Battoes; yett Notwithstanding they might Expect I would Insist upon it that the Battoemen should be subject & punctually obey the orders given them by the officers from time to time, (and as they had used the officers scornfully, and with great Contempt, I would now settle that point with them & Convince them of their Error). I likewise told them that they should not be allowed to dispute the orders of the officers upon party nor depart from their duty when at Hunters, Hallifax, Harris, &ca., without leave obtained from the Commandg officers of the party; that they should likewise obey the orders of George Allen, & that when they recd orders they should Endeavour to execute them Immediately, and if they thought themselves at any time aggreaved, upon their arrivall at Fort Augusta, I should always be ready to hear them & give them Redress. I desired them to acquaint all the Battoemen with this my resolution.
Employed to-day as yesterday. The two Battoemen waited upon me this morning & acquainted me that the Battoemen desired them to acquaint me that they would do no other duty then work their respective Battoes, that they thought they had made a very quick trip, & that I might Continue them in this way or give them their discharges. I returned them for answer that I would do neither, & that I was fully determined to make Examples of all of them that I found Guilty of this piece of Mutiny; that if they Immajined I was under difficulty to gett Battoemen, they would find themselves in this much deceived.
I could not put this intention in Execution to-day without stoping the works, but I have ordered the Adjutant to Parade the Battoemen to-morrow morning, and to acquaint them of my orders to him, to desire all of them that was strickly willing to Comply with my Proposition to them of yesterday, to file from the others & parade by themselves, that he might return me a Roll of them as likewise of the malcontents.
This morning the Adjutant acquainted me he had paraded the Battoemen, and that they acknowledged their fault, and were all willing to Comply with my orders; sent all the Battoes four miles down the River for limestones to make lime to build a magazine.
Had a Generall Revew of the Garrison to-day at 5 P.M.
Employed to-day, 34 at the parapett, 14 Cattle Guard, 7 Cutting coal wood, 7 with the wagon, 6 Carpenters, 5 at the limekill, 4 smiths 3 bakers, 2 sawers, 3 in the Gairden; sent the Battoes two trips for limestone to-day.
Employed to-day 25 at the parapett, 10 with the wagon, 14 Cattle guard, 7 Cutting Coal wood, 4 smiths, 2 sawers, 2 Bakers, 7 Carpenters, 3 at the limekill, 3 in the Gairden.
Sent the Battoes two trips for Limestone.
Wednesday, 1st June
Employed to-day 13 at the Bank, 14 on the Cattle guard, 12 with the wagon, 2 in the Gairden, 2 sawers, 2 bakers, 4 smiths. Sent the Battoes two trips for Limestone.
2d June, Thursday
This morning the sentence was read of the Court Martial agt John McIntigger, John Boyl & Robert Gorrell; John Boyl Remitted, John McIntigger & Robt Gorrell Drumd out of the service.
Employed to-day as yesterday; sent the Battoes down to Hunters, under the Command of Captn Weatherholt; they sett off to-day at 10 A.M.
The officers of this party, Captn Weatherholt, Lieut. Clayton, Ensigne Allison, party 15 men; Captn Patterson on leave of absence to Remove his Family.
At 6 P.M., this day, one hundred Indians arrived here from the Treaty of Lancaster, under the Care of Captn Thos. McKee; they encampt above the Fort, towards the old Town; gave them Provisions of all kinds, & _ gill rum a man.
Employed to-day as yesterday; Captn McKee delivered me an order from the Commissrs to deliver to every Indian man 4 pound poudder, & 16 pound of lead, and 1 quart rum, which I told him I would punctually Comply with, as likewise Beaff & flour what they should want, while they Remained here, and _ gill of Rum a man, twice a day; & at their departure what Beaff & flour they might want for their Journey.
Captn McKee told me that George Croghan had ordered me to deliver to two of the Indians 2 half barrels of poudder, besides the Commissrs allowance, which I Refused to comply with, telling him that if the Governr or Commissrs had ordered it I should have Complyed with their orders; but that I would not Receive any orders from George Croghan.
Captn McKee shewed me the Governours orders to him, to which I told Mr. McKee I should pay due Regard.
This day the Indians gett troublesome; obliged to Insist upon their behaviour being orderly.
Employed to-day as yett, only a Number of my people mending Indian Canoes, &ca.
This day the Tuscorora tribe Informed me they intended setting off up the River, I gave them Provisions Enough, & 5 Gallons of rum; they sett off accordingly; they wanted much to purchase Rum; I told them there was none here to sell.
This day all the Indians intended to go; but an accident happening, vizt., one Indian Girle shott another with a Bullott & 4 swan shott through her arm, detained them; this Girle that was shott was New Castles Daughter.
The Indians are very well pleased wt the usage, & behave well & orderly, findg they are obliged so to do.
This day Mr. McKee advised me to call the Cheeffs of the Indians togeither at my house, and putt them in mind of their promise to the Governr at Lancaster, vizt; Of leaving 12 of their Familys to settle near fort Augusta, which I did this morning, & delivered them a speach & string of wampum to the Following purpose:
Brethren of the Six Nations:
I am informed from your Brother Onas, our Governr,, that you promised to him at Lancaster that 12 of your Familys would settle here & plant, and that he had sent Thomas McKee along with you to me to see that you was settled Comfortably to your Intire satisfaction; the Governr has ordered me to take Care of you & protect you, which I promise faithfully to your Brethren I will do to the outmost of my power; but I am this day informed by Mr. MKee that you purpose all to go away, & I desire to know your Resolutions & Reasons, if you have altered your minds.
Gave them the string.
The Indians consulted together what answer to make me, & at last the speaker, Thomas King, stood up and spoke to me to the following purpose:
Brother Coroiago: We never made any such promise as you mention to our Brother Onas; we never intended to stay here. Perhaps Ogohrodariho, Montour & Jo Pippy might make some such promise, but if they did it was intirely unknown to us. We have all our friends & Relations at our Towns, and it would not be good for us to stay here & leave them there; therefore, we give you for answer that we are all going off to-day, & that none will stay here unless those that dye (meaning the sick People in the small pox) which they leave with me, & Recommend them to my care, & I promise to take care of them.
They deliver me back my string.
The Councell breaks up.
At three P.M. all the Indian Councellors waits of me & acquainted me they wanted to speak with me in councell. I went of them accordingly.
The speakers gott up and spoak to the following purpose:
Brother Coroiago: As our Brother Onas acquainted us that there would be a store of goods kept at Fort Augusta, that the Indians would bring down their skins here and be supplyed with what Necessarys they wanted, in order that they might do this with safety, they told me they would always come in Canoes, and come down the Midle of the river in daylight, that I might see them & know them to be friends, as their Hunters had not flags, and they desired I might Receive them kindly, from time to time, & and use them well, as they would always be Coming down the River, which I promised to do, & desired them to Rely upon my greatest friendship.
They took their leave of me, & I gave them 14 Gallons of rum & Provisions, & Insisted that they should not drink any of their Rum nigh the fort, but Carry it in their Canoes up the River, which they said they would do, and we parted.
This day, William Sack, Geo. Sack & William Taylor, two women & one Child, informed me they were not going with the other Indians, and were determined to settle and plant 2 miles up the North branch & their hunt.
Ogohrodariho & five Indian men, three woman & a boy Remain; three of the Indian men, one woman & the Boy, very bad in the small pox.
Ogohrodariho & two of the Indian men went up the West branch this morning in a Canoe to hunt, & propose to stay 4 nights,
Employed to-day 15 at the Parapett, 14 wt the Cattle, 14 getting shingles on the Island, 7 wt ye wagon, 2 in the Garden, 2 Sawers, 2 at the lime kill, 2 bakers.
Employed to-day 23 at the Parapett, 14 with the Cattle, 8 with the wagon, 9 Carprs, 9 raising a smith shope, 2 sawers, 2 bakers, 4 Smiths. Nothing materiall.
Employed 21 at the Parapett, 14 with the Cattle, 10 with the wagon, 2 Sawers, 4 Smiths, 4 in the Gairding, 2 bakers, 1 Candle Maker.
This morning one of the Indians that was bad of the small pox died.
Ordered him to be laid out, and a shirt &ca., put upon him, & a grave to be dugg for him, at the old town where the Indians was always burried; Mr. McKee signifying to me that this would be aggreeable to the Indians; the Coffin is making.
Burried the Indian this Evening.
Employed to-day 21 men at the Bank, 14 the Cattle Guard, 12 with the wagon, 4 smiths, 2 sawers, 2 bakers, 2 in the Garding, 8 Carprs, 1 butcher.
This morning at 10 A.M., arrived here our Fleet of Battoes; at 11 A.M. arrived three Indian men, one woman & one Children, vizt: William Sack, George Sack & William Taylor, Ogohrodarihos wife & Child. These Indians came here all Drunk; the three men came from their Cabin, which they informd me was three miles from this, up the North branch; the woman went from this on Sunday with the main body of the Indians, & they would not inform me where she was come from. It surprised me a good deall to see them come here all drunk, knowing they had no liquor of their own, which led me to ask many questions, to which they would give me no satisfactory answer.
At 4 P.M., a party of Indians fired upon the Bullock Guard Centrys & killed one of them. The bullock guard attackt the Indians Immediately. In this skirmish sixteen shotts was Exchanged. I detauched three partys from the Fort to their support. The three Indians, Named on ye other side, went along with my partys; Indian William Taylor ran ahead of the foremost party, & kept hoping & hallowg, & fired twice. The Bullock guard had put the Enemy to the flyght before the other partys gott up. The pursued as did the partys, but could not overtake the Enemy. When the partys returned to the Fort, Indian William Taylor told me that he saw the Enemy & that they Called out to him, what, are you, Uncle, going to help the white People? After this he told me he did not see them and that he only fired for fun.
I ordered Lieut. Handshaw, Ensignes Broadhead & Patterson, to hold themselves in readiness to march after the Enemy with a party of Thirty men, upon which Willm Taylor grew furious & swore he would go to his Cabin; he told me at the same time that the French were very good, and that we (meaning the white People) had settled the French upon the Ohio, & had gott money for it; that we had taken all the Indians Lands from them, and that land on which Fort Augusta stands was theirs.
I suspected this Indian much; he attempted to gett off severall times, but I would not suffer him, least he should Carry Intelligence to the Enemy, by which means they might waylay my party & Cutt them off; & I had great Reason to suspect this from the Behaviour of this Indian.
Mr. McKee told me it was his opinion that the whole Body of the Indians was a few miles up the North Branch, (mean those that came from the Treaty of Lancaster) & advised me not to send the party this night.
I ordered the party under the Comd of Lieut. Handshaw to march upon the Tracs by break of day in the morning; & If he found them to be the above Body of Indians, not to fire upon them nor discover himself & party, but to vew them & return to Fort Augusta.
The man that was killed was Henry Worm of Captn Reynolds Compy; brought him home and buried him.
Employed to-day 20 men at the Parapett, 14 Cattle guard, 16 in ye Garding, 8 Carpenters, 4 smiths, 2 bakers, 2 sawers, 1 wagoner, 1 Candle maker.
At 11 A.M. Mr. Handshaw returns, having executed my orders to him of yesterday, & Reports that he Reconoitered all the mountains for 6 miles on this side of the North Branch, & then Crossed the River & Reconoitered the other side, & found beds & traces of Indians, but Could not follow them.
At Noon Lieut. Humphreys arrived here with Ensignes Kern & Biddle and a Detachment of Lieut. Coll Wisers Battalion of 47 men; Mr. Humphreys delivered me his Instructions from Coll Wiser.
This Detauchment is sent to Relieve the like Number on Duty here. I delay sending them a few days, as I have great Reason to suspect the Body of Indians mentioned before has an Intention to try to surprise the Garrison, as they saw our Numbers small when they were here.
At 2 P.M. Ogohrodariho & the other two Indians arrives from the west branch in two Canoes; they report a party of the Enemy had Crossed the River 17 miles up that branch, & they saw their traces Coming towards Fort Augusta.
At 2 P.M. William Sack, George Sack & William Taylor, went from this up the North branch to their Cabin; at 7 P.M. William Sack, George Sack, & one Hencoak, a white man, arrives here from their Cabin. Hencoak informs me he saw three Indians in white new shirts a Cross the river, & that about 3 or 4 miles above the Cabin there was a great many Indian fires, which he takes to be the body of the Indians that went from hence.
I ommitted to mention in Thursday that one of the Bullock Guard Centrys told me that he saw the Indians before they fired upon the other Centry, & Could have shott severalls of them, but he knew them very well to be the Indians that went from this; & thought they were friends Coming to fort Augusta; to this he is willing to be Qualified; this Centry was afterwards shott at twice by the Indians, and returned them five shotts, & wounded one of them badly, but he gott up & gott off; the Centrys name is John Ermon of Captn Weatherholts Company.
Employed to-day 50 men at the Parapett, 8 in the Gairden, 4 smiths, 2 sawers, 2 Bakers, 8 Carpenters, 1 Candlemaker.
I have been under a Necessity of hawling up the Battoes & Corking them all, & new paying them, as they are so laiky they wont sweem.
Ogohrodariho & the other two Indians told me to-day they spoak three days ago, with 17 French Indians and two Frenchmen coming to Fort Augusta; but I suspect the truth of this.
George Hills, of Captn Reynolds Compy, says that he saw the Indians on Thursday last, & knew them well to be the Indians that slept at the middle fire place at Fort Augusta, & never mistrusted them untill they fired & shott one Centry through the arm, upon which he presented at one of the Indians who was standg with his brest to him abt 15 yards distance, but his Gun snapt; to the truth of this he will be qualified; he further says that he could have killed severalls of them as they past him, as they did not see him.
Ordered a Generall Revew of the Garrison to-morrow at 4 P.M.
Great deall of Rain to-day; stopt the works.
Sent out severall Reconoitering partys to-day, returned & reports no Discovery.
Had a generall revew according to the orders of yesterday.
Sent Ogohrodariho up the North branch to Reconoiter, with orders to go to Lapach Peetos town, about ten miles from hence, where I suspect the Body of the Indians to lay.
Ogohrodariho returns with William Taylor, & reports that William Taylor told him he saw Indians every day, but that he thought the Indians were not at Lapach Peetos Town.
I suspect William Taylor to be a spy.
Employed 40 men on ye Parapett, 14 Cattle guard, 15 the wagon, 8 at the smiths shope, 2 sawers, 2 bakers, 1 Candle maker, 8 Carpenters.
The Centry on the upper Palasade Bastion reports he saw 4 Indians come cross the River, at the head of ye Island, allarmed the Cattle guard, & sent out two partys & 6 officers to surround them.
The Partys return at 2 P.M., & reports they Could find no Indians nor saw no tracs.
Employed 44 men at the Parapett, 18 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 5 at the smiths shope, 4 smiths, 8 Carpenters, 2 Sawers, 2 Bakers, 1 Candle maker.
This Evening William Taylor came here from his Cabin & William Sack.
Employed 55 at the Parapett, 14 Cattle guard, 14 with the Wagon, 8 Carpters, 4 smiths, 2 Sawers, 2 Gairden, 1 Wagoner, 1 Candle maker.
This day at Noon one Indian man, two woman & three Children arrived here from Diahoga, they came for flour; they report that the Indians are to kill French Margaret & all her Family.
Employed 65 at the Parapett, 14 Cattle Guard, 6 Carpenters, 4 smiths, 2 sawers, 2 bakers, 1 rendering Tallow, 2 Gairdeners.
At 4 P.M. the followg Indians arrive from Lancaster: Robt White, Sam, John & Young John, one woman & a Girle, & 2 Children, being Nanticoks, in a Battoe loaded with Goods, their present.
Employed 31 at the Parapett, 14 Cattle guard, 9 with the wagon, 8 Carprs, 4 Smiths, 2 bakers, 2 sawers, 1 rendering Tallow, 2 Gairdeners.
This morning at 9 A.M. Lieut. Allen, ensigns Broadhead & Hughes, marcht with a party of 15 men and ___ Battoes for Hunters for stores.
Lieut. Handshaw & Ensigne Thorn marcht with the Relieved Detachments of Coll. Wiser, Capts Bussys, Morgans & Smiths Compys.
This day the Indians, arrived on Wednesday, Insist upon having flour, Rum, pouder, led & flints; they have accordingly 150 lbs. flour, 5 Galls rum, 6 lbs. poudder, 14 lbs. lead & a handful of flints.
This day, at 3 P.M., 10 Delaware Indians arrived here, vizt: Joseph Nutimus (one of the Cheeffs of that Nation), John, 3 women & 5 Children; they inform me that the Indians that came here on Wednesday, left and Indian man, their Uncle, a little way from this, up the North branch, & that they found him drowned in the River with a Kettle on his head, & they buried him.
Employed 12 men at the Bank, 26 at the Turneep ground, 2 in the Gairden, 1 wagoner, 14 Cattle guard, 4 smiths, 4 sawers, 2 Bakers, 1 Candle maker.
So much water in the Ditch I could not Employ more men on the Parapett to-day.
At 10 A.M., Ogohrodariho & his family went up the River to return in three days. The Indians that arrived on Wednesday sett off at the same time.
Robert white & the Nanticoks sett off at 4 P.M.; they were supplyed with pouder, lead, Rum & flour, as the other Indians.
Indian Sarah, a Nanticok woman, returnd this morning for a match-coat she had forgott, & reports she saw no signes of Indians as she came along.
This day, at 2 P.M., Sarah went from this, as likewise two Tuscorora men, three woman & one little Girle; they went up the North Branch to make a Bark Canoe, & propose to return in two days.
No Revew to-day, as the Delaware Indians are here and my Garrison so small that I dont Choice to give them an opportunity of knowing my Numbers.
Employed 28 men at the Parapett, 21 at ye Turneep Ground, 14 Cattle guard, 4 Carpenters, 4 sawers, 4 smiths, 2 bakers, 1 plowman, 1 Candle maker, 2 Gairdners.
Very great rain at Noon to-day & Continued untill night; stopt all the works; river rises.
Employed to-day 20 at the Parapett, 4 at the Turneep ground, 4 with the sawers, 4 sawers, 3 smiths, 2 Bakers, 1 Candle maker, 1 wagoner, 14 Cattle guard, 2 waggoners.
Employed 30 Parapett, 14 Cattle guard, 4 Turneep ground, 8 wt ye Wagon, 3 Carpenters, 3 smith, 4 sawers, 2 Bakers, 1 Candle maker, 1 wagoner, 2 Gairdners.
A great deal of rain to-day.
Employed 18 at the Parapett, 13 Turneep Ground, 14 Cattle guard, 6 with the wagon, 3 smiths, 4 sawers, 2 Bakers, 1 Candle maker, 1 wagoner, 2 Gairdners.
This day, at 10 A.M., three partys of Indians surrounded the Cattle guard, killed 4, & wounded 5 men of the party, & 4 men escaped, one being shott through the hatt; the party gave them Battle, but was overpowerd with Numbers. I sent two partys to their support Instantly upon hearing the Guns, but the Enemy run at the approach of the partys; they scalpt three of the men & was scalping the 4th, but were obliged by the first party to fly without the scalp; the Indian Ogohrodariho went along with the partys, & behaved very well upon the occasion; the partys pursued without success. All the Party was wounded at the first fire; yett, notwithstanding, they returned the fire severall times upon the Enemy; when the supports came up they found the Bullock guard all in the field, none having given ground but one, Alex. Fisher, of Captn Pattersons Company.
List of the killed & wounded, vizt:
Majors CompyGeorge Kelly, killed; Sergt John McDonald, Thomas Row, John Cliss, wounded.
Captn WeatherholtsMatinas Coal, killed.
Captn MorgansJames Kelly, killed.
Captn PattersonCorpl Robert Parker, killed; Nath. Barber, Willm Watson wounded.
The enemy left in the field one Gun, two Tomehawks & two match Coats; the Number of the Enemy was about 40 Indians; when they fled they went all of the field singly, which rendered it Impracticable to trac them.
Employed 18 on the Parapett, 14 Cattle guard, 4 sawers, 3 smiths, 2 bakers, 3 Carpenters, 12 with the wagon, 1 Candle maker.
At 12 P.M., the Battoes arrived here under the Command of Captn Hambright with the following officers, Captn Patterson, Lieut. Allen, Ensigns Broadhead & Morgan, & Recruits.
Ordered Captn Hambright, Lieut. Miles & Ensigne Allison with a party of 50 men to hold themselves in readiness to march to-morrow, being to Reconoiter the Country 20 miles round.
Employed 30 men at the Parapett, 14 with the Cattle, 4 sawers, 3 Smiths, 2 Bakers, 3 Carpenters.
At 3 P.M. the two Tuscorora Indians came down the River in a Canoe.
As it rains very much to day I have delayed sending Captn Hambright with his party of 50 men, & have ordered him, Lieut. Miles & Ensigne Allison, with the party, to hold themselves in Readiness to march to-morrow.
Ordered a General Revew of the Garrison to-morrow at 4 P.M.
Ordered three Reconoitering partys this morning to scour the woods all round the Fort, of 40 men & 3 officers Each.
This day at 1 P.M., Captn Hambright sett off from this with his party of 50 men, in consequence of my orders of Friday.
The reconnoitering partys returns & reports no signs of the Enemy.
This evening at 7 P.M., a woman wading the River oposite to the Centry of the upper Pallasade Bastion, was discovered by said Centry & called to the Woman to know who she was, & she answered, a Prisoner that had made her Escape from the Indians. I sent a Battoe & brought her over; she proved to be one Betty Armstrong, the wife of James Armstrong, (a soldier in this Garrison), who was taken Captive by the Indians from Junietto, 18 months agoe.
Employed 60 at the Parapett, 20 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 14 horse hunting, 4 smiths, 4 Carptrs, 4 Sawers, 2 bakers, 1 Candle maker; nothing materiall.
Employed 30 men at the Parapett, 30 Cattle guard, 17 with the wagon, 3 at the Lyme kill, 4 smiths, 4 sawers, 4 Carpenters, 2 bakers, 2 Gairdners, 1 Candle maker.
At 3 P.M., Joseph Nutimus & John, Indians, arrived here from their Cabins at Lapoch peetos Town, they report they saw no Indians nor tracs.
Employed 68 men at the Parapett, 3 Cattle Guard, 20 with the wagon, 6 on the Island getting shingles, 3 lime kill, 5 Carpenters, 4 smiths, 4 Sawers, 2 Bakers, 2 Gairdeners, 1 Candle maker.
At 11 A.M., Joseph Nutimus & John sett off from hence, they told me they would return one month hence & endeav. to bring all the Delaware Indians with them, & Conclude peace as much as in their power, I was under a Necessity to give them two baggs of flour.
These Indians assured me that they Discovered the Enemy Coming this way, that they would return Immediately & give me notice. They intend to return here to Live.
Employed 72 men at the Parapett, 24 Cutting turff, 30 Cattle guard, 5 Carpenters, 4 sawers, 4 smiths, 2 Bakers, 1 Candle maker, 2 Gairdeners.
At 9 A.M. Captn Hambright arrived with his party of 50 men & reports that he had Reconnoitered a Circle of 20 miles aggreable to orders, & had made no discovery of any road being Cutt, nor no fresh tracs.
July 1st, Friday
Employed 64 at the Parapett, 24 with the wagon, 28 Cattle Guard, 5 Carpenters, 4 Smiths, 4 Sawers, 2 Bakers, 1 Candle maker, 2 Gairdeners. Nothing materiall.
Employed 67 at the Parapett, 25 with the wagon, 29 Cattle Guard, 5 Carprs, 4 smiths, 4 sawers, 2 Bakers, 1 Candle maker.
this evening at Dark ordered Captn Weatherholt & a party of ___ men to scout as far as Mahonoy & return to-morrow.
Ordered the Battoes to be in readiness to go to Hunters to-morrow.
Lieut. Humphreys, Ensignes Broadhead & Scott, & a party of 30 men, sett off at 11 A.M., with the flett of Battoes for Hunters; Ensignes McKee & Bidle had leave of absence, the first for 3 weeks, the latter to go to Reading & to return with the first party; Captn McKee went along with the Battoes, & did Ogohrodariho, his wife & Daughter, & Contostogo George.
Employed 34 Parapett, 20 wagon, 30 Cattle guard, 11 working in one of the Bastions, 1 Carpr, 4 smiths, 4 sawers, 2 Bakers, 2 Gairdners, 1 Candle maker, 1 wagoner.
This day it rained very hard most part of the day.
Employed 32 Parapett, 29 Cattle guard, 10 Carpenters, 4 Smiths, 2 sawers, 2 Bakers, 1 Candle maker, 3 making pins for the sods on the Parapett.
Rained very hard all day.
Employed 44 Parapett, 32 Cattle guard, 12 wagon party, 10 Carprs, 4 Smiths, 4 sawers, 2 pin makers, 2 Bakers, 1 Candle maker.
Took up a Bark Canoe Coming down the West Branch; Rains very much, River Rises.
Employed 43 at the Parapett, 22 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 10 Carpenters, 4 Smiths, 4 Sawers, 2 Bakers, 2 Gairdeners, 4 limekill, 2 pin makers, 1 Chandler.
Employed 51 at the Parapett, 40 with the Wagon & Cattle, 10 Carpenters, 4 Smiths, 2 Sawers, 2 Bakers, 2 pin makers, 1 Chandler. Nothing Materiall.
Employed 60 Parapett, 20 Wagon, 14 cattle guard, 10 Carprs, 4 Smiths, 4 Sawers, 2 Bakers, 2 Chandlers, 3 making pins. Nothing materiall; a Generall Revew to-morrow at 4 P.M.
This day at 1 P.M., the Battoes arrived here, under the Command of Captn Trump, with him the officers, Lieut. Humphreys, ensigns Broadhead & Scott, & the Revd Mr. Steell; with this party came 33 Recruits.
32 Bullocks, 2 Cows, & one Calf, and 29 sheep, & 17 Hoggs.
Had a Generall Revew this Evening; found the arms in bad order, occasioned by the Number of Recruits.
Employed 57 at the Parapett, 22 with the wagon, 41 with the Cattle, 10 Carprs, 4 smiths, 2 bakers, 1 Pinmaker, 1 Chandler, 2 Gairdners; nothing materiall.
Employed 89 at the Parapett, 31 wt the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 4 smiths, 4 sawers, 2 Gairdners, 10 Carprs, 1 Chandler.
Ordered Lieut. Miles, Ensignes Patterson & Allison to hold themselves in readiness to march to-morrow morning.
Employed 52 Parapett, 23 wagon, 14 Cattle guard, 8 Carprs, 4 smiths, 4 sawers, 2 Bakers, 1 Chandler, 1 Gairdner.
This day, at 10 A.M., the Centrys of the wagon party discovered, as they said, 60 Indians upon the Islands at the mouth of Shamochan Creek. I detauched Immediately Captn Patterson with a party of 40 men to lay in ambush at the mouth of the Creek, ordered Lieut. Humphreys to take the Comd of the wagon party of 26 men, upon hearing of the first Gun, to march with his party to the Island. The battoes under the Comd of Lieut. Miles, sett out at 12 M.D., ordered them to surround the Island, to land their men (being 100 in Number) & to scour the two Islands. Saw the Battoes land on the outmost Island abt 1 P.M., they fired 4 shotts, detauched Immediately the guard under the Comd of Ensigne Broadhead whom I had in Readiness. Captn Pattersons party forded into the Island Instantly as did Lieut. Humphrey & Ensigne Broadhead; made no discovery. The 4 shotts was fired at 3 dear by the Battoemen, but could not discover the men that shott.
Employed 75 Parapett, 30 wt ye wagon, 14 Cattle guard, 10 Carprs, 4 smiths, 2 bakers, 4 Sawers, 2 Gairdners, 1 Chandler, 3 pin makers.
This day, at 1 P.M., Joseph Nutimus, Indians, 3 men & Sundry Women & Children, arrived here in canoes from Nescopeck; the bring no Intellegence New.
Employed 57 Parapett, 10 Carpentrs, 14 Cattle guard, 4 sawers, 4 smiths, 2 Bakers, 1 Chandler, 29 wagon, 2 Gairdners, 1 pin maker.
This day, at 2 P.M., came 7 Canoes with Deleware Indians; they say they came to visit their Brothers, the English here, with whom they were now Intirely & firmly at peace; there is here now 40 Indians.
This afternoon the Indians waited upon me, & told me they were in a starving Condition & begged that I would Relieve their Necessitys by giving them a little flour to Carry home to their Familys.
I told them for answer I could not give them any flour to Carry off without the Governours orders, that I had wrote the Governour upon this head, & Expected an answer in 20 days by Mr. Thomas McKee, that if they Inclined to live here they should have the same allowance wt the soldiers.
They left me very much disconted.
Employed 45 at the Parapett, 28 wt the wagon, 14 Cattle guard, 10 Carpenters, 3 smiths, 4 sawers, 2 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 1 Chandler, 2 pin makers.
This day 2 Canoes wt Indians went of Prodigious angry at my refusall of a supply of flour, & all the others were preparing to go, upon which I reconsidered the matter & thought it most prudent to stop them, & I told them I was sorry to see them so hungry, and that although I had not the Governours orders, I would give them 3 barrells of flour that they might not dey, untill I knew the Governours pleasure; they thankd me, and said they now saw that their brothers, ye English, would have compassion on them; they were heartily sorry for what they had done to their Brothers, the English, but now it was over, & that they were all determined to Return to this River, to their old town and live.
Ordered a Generall Revew to-morrow, at 10 A.M., & Church after.
Had the Generall Revew & Church twice, at which the Indians attended. I had all the Indians to dinner with me to-day, which gave great satisfaction.
Employed 58 Parapett, 27 with the wagon, 14 Cattle guard, 10 Carpenters, 13 mauling Rails for a hogg penn, 4 sawers, 4 smiths, 2 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 1 Chandler.
This day, at 1 P.M., the Indians sett off quite pleased, and said they would return In 20 days with all the Cheeffs of their Nations.
Employed 63 Parapett, 26 wt the wagon, 17 Cattle Guard, 11 Carprs, 4 smiths, 4 sawers, 2 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 1 Chandler.
Employed 65 at the Parapett, 27 with the wagon, 15 Cattle Guard, 11 Carpenters, 4 Smiths, 4 Sawers, 2 Bakers, 2 Gairdners, 2 pin makers, 1 chandler.
This day, at 3 P.M., Captn Shippen arrived here with the fleett of Battoes and 27 Recruits.
Employed 53 at the Parapett, 26 with the wagon, 14 Cattle guard, 10 Carpentrs, 4 Sawers, 4 smiths, 2 Bakers, 2 Gairdners, 1 Chandler, 2 pin makers.
Employed 72 at the Parapett, 27 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 10 Carpenters, 4 Sawers, 4 Smiths, 2 Bakers, 2 Gairdners, 2 Masons, 2 pin makers, 1 Chandler.
Employed 72 at the Parapett, 26 wt the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 10 Carpenters, 4 Sawers, 4 Smiths, 2 Bakers, 2 Gairdners, 1 Chandler, 2 pin makers. Ordered a Generall Revew to-morrow at 4 P.M.
This morning I sent out a Reconoitering party, one Hundred men, with the following officers: Captns Hambright & Trump, Lieut. Garraway, Ensignes Broadhead & Alleson; had a Generall Revew to-day at 4 P.M.
The Reconoitering party returned at 9 P.M., & reported no signes of the Enemy.
Employed 62 at the Parapett, 27 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 4 sawers, 4 smiths, 2 Gairdners, 2 pin makers, 1 Chandler, 8 sodders.
Ordered the Battoes to be Ready to sail to-morrow; I could not empty the flour sooner, having no place to put it.
Capt, Patterson & Ensigne Miles goes wt the Battoes, & a party of 25 soldrs; Lieut. Garraway, ensigns Scott & Allison goes recruiting. Ordered Lieut. Attlee on the Recruiting service from Ft. Hallifax, & Lieut. Miles to take post there.
Employed 54 at the Bank, 26 wt the Wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 8 sodders of ye Bank, 4 Sawers, 10 Carpenters, 4 Smiths, 2 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 2 Masons, 2 chandlers.
This day at M.D. the Fleett of Battoes sailed with the officers, Captn Patterson, Lieut. Garraway, Ensigns Scott, Miles & Allison, wt a party of 25 men.
Employed 74 at the Parapett, 27 wt the Wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 10 Carpenters, 4 sawers, 4 smiths, 2 Bakers, 2 Gairdners, 1 Chandler, 2 masons. Nothing materiall.
Employed 70 at the Parapett, 27 with the Wagon, 14 with the Cattle, 15 Carprs, 4 sawers, 4 Smiths, 2 Bakers, 2 Gairdners, 2 Masons, 1 Chandler. Nothing materiall.
Employed 61 at the Bank, 27 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 4 sawers, 4 smiths, 2 Bakers, 2 Gairdners, 2 Masons, 1 Chandler. Nothing materiall.
Employed 62 at the Parapett, 30 with the Wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 15 Carprs, 4 Sawers, 4 Smiths, 2 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 2 Masons, 1 Chandler.
This morning at 2 A.M. M. John Cook, of C. Daviss Co., deserted from his post as Centry on the lower Bastion of the Palosadoes.
This evening I was walking on the Platforms; at 12 P.M., I heard a gun fired abt 2 miles down the River.
Ordered a Generall Revew to-morrow at 4 P.M. An Eclips visible of the moon at 7 P.M.
Ordered this morning a party of 40 men under Captn Trump with Lieut. Allen, to reconnoiter all round the Garrison to observe along shore if any tracs of the enemy Crossing the River last night & to cover the Cattle Guard.
At Noon the party returns & reports no signs of the enemy. Had a Generall Revew this Evening.
Munday, 1st August
Employed 53 men at the Parapett, 30 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 20 Carprs, 4 Sawers, 4 Smiths, 2 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 2 Masons, 1 Chandler. Nothing materiall.
Employed 52 at the Parapett, 30 with the Wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 20 Carprs, 4 Sawers, 4 Smiths, 2 Masons, 2 Bakers, 2 Gairdners, 1 Chandler.
This day at 3 P.M., the fleet of Battoes arrived under the Command of Captn Jamison & reports Lieut. Miles & Ensigne Miles left sick at Hunters & tow men deserted of the Detauchmt; Captn Patterson & Ensigne McKee came in ye party. This Evening mounted a piquet Guard of 1 officer, 1Sergt, 1 Corporall, 1 Drum, 25 Privett29.
Employed 67 at the Parapett, 30 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 20 Carpentrs, 4 sawers, 5 smiths, 2 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 2 masons, 1 Chandler.
This day I proposed to the Battoes to hault here 6 or 7 days to help out with the works, which they aggread to.
Employed 55 at the bank, 35 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 20 Carpenters, 4 Sawers, 4 smiths, 3 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 2 masons, 1 Chandler. Wm. Taylor, his wife & Indian Nancy arrived here at 5 P.M.
Employed 60 at the Parapett, 30 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 20 carpenters, 4 Sawers, 4 Smiths, 2 Bakers, 2 Masons, 3 Gairdners, 1 chandler; nothing materiall.
Employed 58 at the Parapett, 14 Cattle guard, 30 with the wagon, 20 Carprs, 4 Sawers, 5 Smiths, 3 Gairdners, 2 Masons, 2 Bakers, 1 Chandler; a General review to-morrow at 5 P.M. Wm. Taylor & the Indian woman went from this at 6 P.M., to Wywamjre.
Had a Generall Revew aggreable to the orders of yesterday.
Employed 50 at the Parapett, 36 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 17 Carpenters, 4 sawers, 4 smiths, 3 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 2 masons, 1 Chandler; nothing materiall.
Employed 45 at the Parapett, 17 Carprs, 8 Sodders of the Bank, 5 Smiths, 14 Cattle guard, 33 with the wagon, 4 sawers, 4 Bakers, 2 Gairdners, 2 Masons, 1 Chandler.
Nothing materiall, only the works was stopt to day by rain.
Employed 40 men at the Parapett, 36 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 18 Carpenters, 4 sawers, 5 Smiths, 2 Masons, 2 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 1 Chandler.
Ordered that Captn Hambright & Lieut. Clayton & a party of 50 men hold themselves in readiness for a march to-morrow morning, likewise George Allen to hold himself in readiness with the Battoemen & Battoes.
Nothing materiall; this day finished sodg the Parapett.
Employed 23 men at the Glassee, 36 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 17 Carpenters at the Plattforms, 4 sawers, 2 Gairdners, 2 Masons, 2 Bakers, 1 Chandler.
This morning Captn Hambright sett out with the Ten Battoes for Provisions to Hunters with Lieut. Clayton & a party of 50 men at 8 A.M. Parson Steell went with the Battoes by my leave to go home, at his Request. An Generall allarm at 10 P.M.
Employed 34 men at the Glassee, 49 with the wagon & Cattle, 17 Carpenters at the Platform, 6 at the saw pitt, 4 smiths, 3 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 2 Masons, 1 Chandler.
Employed 30 at the Glassee, 45 men with the wagon & Cattle, 18 Carpenters at the platforms, 4 Sawers, 4 Smiths, 3 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 1 chandler.
A Generall Revew to-morrow at 5 P.M. Nothing materiall. George Wilsby died, being of my Co.
Ordered a party of 3 Officers and 50 men to Reconoiter all round the Fort this morning, vizt: Captn Weatherholt, Lieut. Allen & Ensigne Broadhead, & to be particularly Carefull to observe any tracs of the Enemy.
At 11 A.M. the party returns and reports no signes of the Enemy.
This morning, Captn Jamison reports that Corporall James Lain, of his Compy, deserted last night.
No Revew. It rains so hard; the sun under Cloud that I Could not see the Eclips, & the sun sett under Cloud.
Employed 29 men at Glassee, 50 with the wagon, 18 Carpenters, 4 Sawers, 4 Smiths, 2 Bakers, 3 Gairdners, 1 Chandler, 3 sinking a well for a little house.
This day 8 taken sick from the works. Nothing materiall.
Employed 30 at the Glassee, 36 with the wagon, 14 Cattle guard, 17 Carpenters at the walls, 4 Sawers, 5 Smiths, 3 Gairdners, 1 Chandler.
Two men deserted to-day, Jacob Hillibrand of Captn Shippens Compy, and Bernard Bower, of Captn Hambrights.
Employed 27 at the Counterscarph, 41 with the wagon, 17 Carpenters at the Platforms, 4 Sawers, 3 Gairdners, 1 Chandler, 4 Smiths.
Employed 22 Counterscarph, 41 with the wagon, 14 Bullock Guard, 10 in Ambush, 17 Carpenters at the walls & Platforms, 4 Sawers, 5 Smiths, 3 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 1 chandler.
Employed 30 men at the Bank, 14 Cattle guard, 41 with the wagon, 17 Carpenters at the Platforms & Walls, 4 Sawers, 4 Smiths, 2 Gardiners, 1 Chandler.
This day, at Noon, Captn Hambright arrived here with the Fleet of Battoes and 48 Bullocks, & 27 Recruits. Joseph Nutimus arrived here at the same time with his wife, one young Child & an Indian Girle from Nescopeak.
Employed 31 at the Bank, 55 Wagon & Cattle, 17 Carpenters at the walls, 4 Sawers, 3 smiths, 3 Gairdners, 2 Masons, 1 Chandler.
It rained pretty much to-day & stopt the works. Ordered a Generall Revew of the Garrison to-morrow at 5 P.M.
Likewise ordered a party of 50 men and 3 Officers, under the Command of Captn Shippen, to Reconnoiter round the Fort to-morrow, to march when the bushes is dry.
At 3 P.M. Captn Shippen returns with his party & reports that he has reconnoitered 7 miles round, but had made no Discovery of the Enemy. Had a Generall Revew this Day at 5 P.M.
Employed 58 with the wagon and bullocks, 60 at the Counterscarp & Ditch, 17 Carpenters at the walls & Platforms, 4 Sawers, 4 Smiths, 3 Gairdners, 2 Masons, 2 Bakers, 1 Chandler. It rained much to-day.
This evening we had three allarms; the whole Garrison was under arms all night & it rained prodigiously, and an Indian came up within shott of the lower pallasdoe Bastion; the Centry fired upon him but mist him; one of the Centrys in the Fort likewise fired at (as he supposed) an Indian & missd him.
Employed 41 wt the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 57 at the Counterscarp & Ditch, 19 Carpenters at the walls & Platforms, 4 sawers, 5 smiths, 2 Bakers, 3 Gairdners, 2 Masons, 1 chandler.
Ordered Captn Patterson & Ensigne Graydon to hold themselves in readiness for a march to morrow morning, & the Adjutant to Parade 40 men, & Captn Allen to hold the Battoemen & Battoes in readiness.
Employed 23 at the Counterscarp, 36 with the wagon, 14 Cattle guard, 5 sod Cutters, 8 sodders, 17 Carpenters at the walls & Platforms, 4 sawers, 5 Smiths, 3 Gairdners, 2 Masons, 1 chandler.
Granted Lieut. Allen leave of absence until the next Battoes goes down. Captn Patterson & Ensigne Graydon & a party of 40 men saild with the Fleet of Battoes this morning at 10 A.M. for Hunters. Nothing materiall.
Employed 41 with the wagon, 14 Cattle guard, 8 Sodders, 18 Carpenters, 37 at the Counterscarp & Ditch, 4 Sawers, 5 Smiths, 3 Gairdners, 2 bakers, 2 Pin Makers, 1 Chandler.
This day Philip Goodman of Captn Hambrights Compy, deserted from his Post as a Centry in the woods. I hunted for him with large party, but could not find him; this stopt the works to day.
Employed 41 with the wagon, 14 Cattle guard, 33 Counterscarp & Ditch, 8 Sodders, 5 Smiths, 4 Sawers, 19 Carpenters, 3 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 1 Chandler.
At 3 P.M., William, Sam 4 Indian woman, 1 Boy & a child arrived here in two Canoes.
Employed 41 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 18 Carpenters at the walls and Platforms, 39 at the Ditch and Counterscarp, 4 Masons and attendants, 2 Pin makers, 4 Sawers, 2 Bakers, 3 Gairdners, 1 Chandler.
Ordered a Generall Revew of the Garrison to-morrow at 5 P.M.
This day at 5 P.M., a woman hallowed for help from the west side of the River, I sent a party of 50 men and two officers, vizt: Captn Jamison & Ensigne McKee, in four Battoes, with orders for one Battoe to land & the other three to keep in the offing. I likewise sent the Picquett of 30 men under the Comd of Ensigne Broadhead to keep off and be ready to cover the Retreat of the four Battoes, least an ambushcade should be formed & the woman prove a Decoy.
Captn Jamison brought the woman to this Fort, & I found her to be an old woman that had been taken Prisoner by a party of 6 Indians & one French man Named Peter; she was taken last Saturday was a week within a mile of Justice Galbraiths house upon Swettarow & 5 more, & she made her escape from the Indians eight days ago; her Name is Nelly Young; she says they were all on horse back. Had a Generall Revew at 5 P.M.
Employed 36 at the Counterscarp, 41 with the wagon, 7 Sodders, 1 Mason & 3 attenders, 18 Carpenters, 4 sawers, 7 Smiths, 2 Bakers, 2 Pin makers, 1 wheeling clay, 1 chandler, 3 Gairdners, 14 with the Cattle.
This morning an express arrived at 6 A.M. to Mr. Smith, Suttler. Mr. smith went from this wt one man in a Canoe, at 9 A.M.
Employed 41 with the Wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 32 at the Counterscarp, 18 Carpenters at the Platforms, 5 masons & tenders at the little house, 4 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 3 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 1 levelling with the Pallasadoes, 2 pin makers, 1 Chandler.
Employed 27 at the Counterscarp, 41 with the Wagon, 14 Cattle guard, 18 Carpenters, 4 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 4 Masons & tenders, 3 Gairdners, 2 bakers, 1 levelling within the Pallasadoes, 1 chandler, 2 pin makers.
September 1st, Thursday
Employed 20 men at the Counterscarp, 41 with the Wagon, 14 Cattle guard, 18 Carpenters at the Platforms, 4 Sawers, 7 smiths, 2 Sawing pin wood, 3 gairdners, 2 Bakers, 1 levelling within the piquetts, 7 sodders, 1 Chandler, 4 Masons & tenders.
This day at Noon Captn Patterson arrived with the fleett of Battoes; he brought 7 Recruits. A Number of his party sick, & likewise the Battoemen.
Employed 41 with the Wagon, 14 Cattle guard, 30 at the Counterscarp, 18 Carpenters, at the Platforms, 4 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 3 Gairdners, 7 Sodders, 2 Bakers, 1 Chandler, 4 Masons & Tenders, 1 Wheeling Clay.
Herman Howfman, of Captn Hambrights Co., died this Evening.
Employed 19 at the Counterscarp, 48 with the Wagon, 70 at the fish Dam, 20 Carpenters at the platforms, 4 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 2 Gairdners, 1 Chandler, 2 Bakers, 1 Wheeling Clay, 4 Masons & tenders.
A Generall Revew to-morrow, at 5 P.M.
This morning Daniell Murphy, of Captn Lloyds Compy, died.
This day at 2 P.M., arrived here, down the N. Branch, in two Canoes, 2 Indian men, three woman, on girl & three Children; they brought skins to deall for goods out of the Provintiall, & seemed much disappointed; had a Generall Revew at 5 P.M.
Employed 50 at the fish Dam, 23 scouring the Ditch, 18 Carpenters at the Platforms, 4 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 3 Gairdners, 2 Bakers, 4 masons & tenders at the little house, 2 Cutting Coal wood, 1 Wheeling clay, leveling, 49 with the Wagons & Cattle.
This day a Child died.
Employed 25 at the Ditch, 45 at the fish Dam, 50 with the Wagons & Cattle, 18 Carpenters, 4 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 3 Gairdners, 4 Mason & tenders, 2 Cutting coal wood, 2 Bakers, 1 wheeling Clay, 1 Chandler.
Employed 50 at the fish Dam, 38 with the Wagon, 14 with the Cattle, 18 Carpenters at the platforms, 9 Smiths & Coalwood Cutters, 4 Sawers, 2 Bakers, 1 Chandler, 4 Mason & tenders, 2 wheeling Clay.
Employed 26 at the Ditch, 38 Cattle & Wagon, 4 Sawers, 9 smiths & Coal wood Cutters, 3 Gairdners, 4 Mason & tenders, 3 Butcher & Bakers.
This day it raind very hard.
Employed 26 at the Ditch, 38 Cattle & Wagon guards, 18 Carpenters, 4 Sawers, 9 Smiths & Coal wood Cutters, 3 Gairdners, 4 Mason & tenders, 3 butchers & Bakers.
This day, at 11 A.M., Captn Shippen & Lieut Humphreys left this with the fleett of Battoes & 40 men. This Evening, at Dark, sent off Sergt Lee & two men more on horse back.
10th September, Saturday
Employed 38 Wagon & Cattle, 24 at the Ditch, 18 Carpenters, 4 Sawers, 9 Smith and Coal wood Cutters, 2 Gairdners, 3 Bakers, 6 weeding turneeps, 1 wheeling Clay, 4 Masons & tenders.
Five Indians arrived to-day with skins.
Had a Revew.
Employed 30 at the Ditch, 40 Wagon & Cattle, 18 Carpenters, 4 Sawers, 9 Smiths & wood Cutters, 2 Gairdners, 4 Mason & tenders, 3 Bakers & butcher, 2 wheeling Clay.
This morning, Jacob Smith, of Captn Shippens Co., was brought in Prisoner; he deserted from hence the 3d Currt, & I have reason to believe he was going to the French, but not being able to find the way was obliged to return, being very weak for want of Provision. Great Rain.
Employed 44 at the Ditch, 48 wagon and Cattle, 19 Carpenters, 4 Sawers, 9 Smiths & wood Cutters, 4 Mason & tenders, 3 Bakers & butcher, 3 Gairdners, 1 wheeling Clay.
This day, at 4 P.M., one Canoe arrived with Cutt-fingerd Peter & four more Indian Warriers from the Ohio
Employed 49 with the wagon & Cattle, 18 Carpenters, 9 Smiths & wood Cutters, 3 Cutting wood for the lime kill, 33 at the Ditch, 3 Gairdners, 4 Masons quarrying stones, 4 Sawers.
This day the Indian Warriers waited of me to acquaint me that they were sent by their Cheeff to know of me if the English were at piece with the Delawares, & if I would receive them here kindly if they would come in, to which I answered that the English were at peace with the Delawares, & I would Receive them kindly. The Warriers said that they were to Return to the Ohio, & desired I might write a letter by them to the Commander of Fort Du Quesne, to which I answered that altho the English were at peace with the Delawares they were not with the French; &, therefore, I would neither write nor speak to the Commander of fort Du Quesne, otherwise then from the musell of my Guns; but a Conversation of this kind I shall always be ready to carry on, & told the warriers he might give that officer this for answer from me.
Employed 34 at the Ditch, 49 with the Cattle & Wagon, 18 Carpenters at the Platforms, 9 Smiths & Coal wood Cutters, 2 Cutting wood for the lime kill, 6 sawers & Bakers, 3 Gairdners, 1 Butcher.
Employed 32 at the Ditch, 49 with the Wagon & Cattle, 18 Carpenters, 4 Sawers, 9 Smiths and coal wood Cutters, 3 Bakers & butcher, 3 Gairdner, 3 Cutting wood & attending the lime kill, 3 Brickmakers.
Employed 32 at the Ditch, 50 with the Wagon & Cattle, 18 Carpenters at the Platforms, 4 Sawers, 9 Smiths & wood Cutters, 2 Gairdners, 3 Bakers & butcher, 4 Mason and tenders, 3 at the lime kill, 3 Brick makers.
This day, at 11 A.M., Captn James Young, Captns Lloyd & Busee arrived here with a party of 50 men.
This day severall Indians arrived at 4 P.M.; Lieuts. Humphrys & Allen arrived with the Fleet of Battoes & Recruits.
Employed 50 with the wagon & Cattle, 33 at the ditch, 18 Carpenters, 3 Bakers & butchers, 4 Masons & tenders, 3 at the lime kill, 3 Brick makers.
More Indians arrived.
Employed 70 with the wagon & Cattle, 30 at the Ditch, 19 Carpenters, 9 Smiths & Coal wood Cutters, 3 Gairdners, 4 mason & tenders, 3 Brick makers, 4 sawers, 3 Bakers & Butcher.
This day Ensigne Johnston Resigned his commission to me; the reason he gave for so doing, was that he has not been promotted.
Employed 60 with the wagon & Cattle, 19 Carpenters at the walls, 7 smiths, 4 Sawers, 7 at the lime kill, 30 at the Glassee, 3 Gairdners, 3 Bakers & butcher, 3 Brick makers.
Had a Generall revew of the whole Garrison, the Commissary of the musters mustered the Rest. this evening the Indians pursued our horses, endeavouring to Carry them off, they Catch the Commissary Youngs horse and carried him away.
Employed 36 at the Glassee, 49 with the wagon, & Cattle 14, 19 Carpenters on ye walls, 4 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 3 bakers & butcher, 3 Gairdners, 2 Masons 3 Brick makers, 2 Chandlers.
The Pay master setts off to-morrow; sent down Sergt Lee wt his horses to night.
Employed 34 at the Glassee, 38 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 19 Carpenters on the walls, 4 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 7 Brick makers, 3 Gairdners, 2 Masons, 3 Bakers & Butcher.
This morning at 8 A.M., Captns Young, Lloyd & Bussee, & Ensigne McKee sett off wt the Fleett of battoes & the party that came up with the pay mastr.
Captn Lloyd beggd leave to go to Philada, he assuring me he had the Governours liberty, upon which I granted it, with orders to return Immediately, & upon no accot to lett his stay exceed three weeks.
The pay master will be at Harriss ferry upon his return to Philada, the 4th October. I allow the Battoemen 6 days to provide themselves with arms & Blankitts.
Employed 34 at the Glassee, 14 with the Cattle, 30 with the wagon, 17 Brick makers, 19 carpenters, 7 Smiths, 4 Sawers, 3 Gairdners, 2 Masons, 3 Bakers & Butcher, 2 Chandlers.
Ordered Captn Patterson & Lieut. Humphrys to hold themselves in readiness for a march to-morrow.
Ordered the Adjutant to prepare a party of 50 men for a march to-morrow.
This morning Captn Patterson & Lieut. Humphrys, with a party of 50 men, marcht over the River at the Forks, with my orders to Reconnoiter for three days towards the Ohio, and to make observations if any signes of the approach of the Enemy.
This day Captn Hambright with a party, Reconoitered the Island & found that the Indians supposed to be friendly Indians, had Carried off Captn Lloydd horse, Captn Hambrights, Captn Trumps, Captn Youngs, & a black bald-faced of Mr. Crostians.
Employed 34 at the Glassee, 37 with the wagon, 14 cattle Guard, 20 carpenters at the walls, 4 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 3 Brick makers, 3 Gairdners, 3 Bakers & Butcher, 2 Masons, 2 Chandlers.
Three Indians arrived here to Day.
Employed 36 at the Glassee, 37 with the Wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 20 Carpenters, 4 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 2 Masons, 3 Brick makers, 3 Gairdners, 3 Bakers, & Butcher.
This Evening at Dark, Willm Galbraith & Michl Taffe sett off from here, in a Canoe, with one soldier.
This afternoon Captn Patterson & Lieut. Humphreys, and the party of 50 men, arrived. Captn Patterson reports (by the Adjutant) that he Reconoitered the woods well, & discovered no approaches of the Enemy; he found Captn Hambrights, Capt. Trumps, & Mr. Crostians horses.
Employed 36 at the Glassee, 14 Cattle guard, 48 with the Wagon, 20 Carpenters on the Walls, 7 Smiths, 4 Sawers, 3 Gairdners, 5 Brick makers, 4 masons & tenders, 3 Bakers & Butcher.
This morning ordered Captn Hambright, with a party of 30 men, to reconnoiter up Shamochan Creek, 15 miles; in the Evening Captn Hambright returned, and report no tracs of the Enemy.
Employed 36 with the Wagon, 14 Cattle guard, 38 at the Glassee, 20 Carpters upon the walls, 4 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 3 Gairdners, 5 Brick makers, 4 Masons & tenders.
A Child died this evening, of Captn Pattersons Co.
Employed 50 at the Glassee, 36 with ye Wagon, 14 with the Cattle, 20 Carpenters on ye Walls, 4 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 6 Brick makers, 3 Gairdners, 5 masons, ___ Chandlers.
Here follows a Recept for Curing the fever & ague, taken from Mr. Franklins Newspaper, of the 8th September, 1757, No. 1498.
Take two ounces of Jesuits Bark, one ounce of snake root, one ounce of salt of Tartar, and half an ounce of Cammomile flower; put them into a half Gallon bottle filled with Jamaica spiritt, and sett it into a Kettle of Water, over a moderate fire, & lett the Ingredients infuse three days, the water being kept raither warmer than blood warm.
A Dose for a grown Person, half a Jill three or four times between the Fitts.
For a Child of a year old, a tea spoon full, mixed with balm tea.
The Quantity to be Increased according to the age of the Person.
The Ingredients, by ading more spiritt to them, make a good preventing Bitter.
1st October, Saturday
Employed 24 at the Glassee, 37 with the Wagon, 14 with the Cattle, 20 Carpenters on the Walls, 7 Smiths, 6 Brick makers, 3 Gairdners, 5 masons, 3 Bakers and butcher, 4 Sawers, 1 Chandler.
This morning at 9 A.M., Captain Jamison sett off for Hunters, with a party of 40 men.
Two Cannoes, with Indians, arrived here to-day, down the North branch; they inform no approaches of the Enemy.
Robert Kilton of Captn Pattersons Co., died this Evening.
This day it was a Continual hard Rain.
Employed 34 men at the Glassee, 36 with the Wagon, 14 Cattle guard, 20 Carpenters at the Walls, 4 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 5 masons & tenders, 6 Brick makers, 3 baker and butcher, 1 Chandler.
This day the Indians intended to attack our out-paty; but not liking their disposition, they went over the River and hallowed at the Fort, & went off.
Employed 30 at the Whaff, 34 with the Wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 20 Carpenters at the Walls, 7 Smiths, 4 Sawers, 6 brick makers, 3 Gairdners, 3 Bakers & butcher, 5 Mason and tenders, 1 Chandler.
Employed 14 with the Cattle, 36 with the Wagon, 20 Carpenters upon the Walls, 7 Smiths, 4 sawers, 3 Gairdners, 5 Masons & tenders, 5 Brick makers, 30 at the Warff, 3 Bakers & butcher.
Could not find the wagon horses to-day, the wagon party Guarding the Bullocks.
Employed 43 at the warf, 36 hunting for the wagon horses, 14 Cattle guard, 20 Carpenters on the walls, 4 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 5 Brick makers, 3 Gairdners, 5 masons & tenders, 2 Chandlers, 3 Bakers & Butcher.
This Evening, Ensigne Broadhead returns with the horse-hunting party, and Informs me he could not find the horses, & that he discovered the tracs of 30 Indians going towards Tulpohackin.
Employed 41 at the warff, 14 with the Cattle, 36 with the wagon, 20 Carpenters on the walls, 7 Smiths, 4 Sawers, 5 Brickmakers, 3 Gairdners, 1 Grubber, 3 Bakers & butcher, 1 Chandler.
Employed 41 at the warff, 14 with the Cattle, 36 with the wagon, 20 Carpenters on ye walls, 7 Smiths, 5 Brick makers, 3 Gairdners, 4 Sawers, 3 Butcher & Baker, 5 Masons and tenders at the Gutter, 1 Chandler, 1 Grubber.
This morning the Indians keep houping & hallowing on the other side the River, & fire three Guns; sent two partys after them to no purpose. Jo. Nutimus arrives.
This day at 5 P.M., Captain Jamison & Ensigne McKee arrived here with the party of 40 men and 10 Recruits, with the fleett of Battoes, & at 6 P.M. a Sergt. & 10 men from Coll. Wieser; 6 Indians arrived this morning.
Employed 30 men at the warff, 49 with the Wagon & Cattle, 20 Carpenters on the walls, 4 Sawers, 9 Smiths, 3 gairdners, 5 Masons & tenders, 5 Brickmakers, 1 Chandler, 1 Grubber.
Ordered Captn Hambright & Ensigne Broadhead to hold themselves in Readiness for a march to-morrow; the Adjutant to prepare a party of 50 men with Provisions for three days.
This afternoon two Indians arrive from Fort Nyagerra.
Employed 36 with the Wagon, 14 with the Cattle, 20 Carpenters, 2 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 3 Gairdners, 3 Bakers & Butcher, 5 Brickmakers, 3 Masons, 1 Chandler, 1 Grubber, 35 at the Warff.
It Raind all day which stopt the works, detaind the party.
This day, at 4 P.M., two warrier Indians arrived here. I suspect them to be going to murder the Inhabitants; I have ordered them to be watcht, & if I find they intend towards the Inhabitants, I intend to send a party after them to kill them.
Employed to-day 24 at the Glassee, 14 Cattle Guard, 36 with the wagon, 20 Carpenters on the walls, 2 Sawers, 7 Smiths, 3 Bakers and butcher, 3 Gairdners, 5 brick makers, 3 Mason & tenders, 1 Chandler, 1 Gruber.
This morning, at Revellee, Captn Hambright and the party sett off.
Tedeyushunks son offers himself Volunteer in this Regt to day.
This evening after dark, one of the party returns, having lost the party abt 10 miles off.
Employed 29 at the Glassee, 37 with the wagon, 14 with the Cattle, 20 Carpenters on the walls, 2 Sawers, 5 Smiths, 5 Brickmakers, 3 Gairdners, 3 Bakers & butcher, 1 Chandler, 1 Grubber, 2 Masons.
Employed 34 at the Glassee, 37 with the wagon, 14 Cattle Guard, 20 Carpenters, 2 Sawers, 5 Smiths, 1 Gunner, 3 Gairdners, 1 Grubber, 5 Brick makers, 3 Masons, 1 Chandler, 3 Baker & Butcher.
This day, at 3 P.M., Captn Hambright, Ensigne Broadhead and the party of 50 men returnd, and reported that he discovered severall tracks of the Enemy, which he followed without success; that he could not find the Wagon horses, and was firmly of opinion they were Carried off.
End of Vol II.