Contributed for use in the USGenWeb Archives by Donna Bluemink.


Prepared Pursuant to Chapter 361, Laws of the State of New York, of 1885.

by Frederick Cook, Secretary of State
Auburn, N.Y. Knapp, Peck & Thompson Printers


Journal of SAMUEL MOORE SHUTE, Lieutenant in Second New Jersey Regiment. The original manuscript has been in the Elmer family since the death of Dr. Shute, in 1816, and was accidentally discovered during the centennial year, by a relative. It is now in possession of William E. Potters, Esq., of Princeton, N. J.

The journal of the expedition, with the exception of a very little, is complete and contains some incidents which are nowhere else to be found. Although some of it is very indistinct, having apparently been wet by exposure, yet it has been accurately deciphered by General John S. Clark, Auburn, N. Y., who, with the assistance of Judge A. S. Thurston, Elmira, N. Y., carefully compared his copy with the original, August 25, 1879.

The following is taken from the literal copy made by General Clark, who says, that the reference notes were evidently made at about the same time as the journal, and could very properly be incorporated with it. In one or two instances, some doubt appeared as to the proper reference, but on a careful examination he reached the conclusion that they referred to the subjects as herein indicated. 


1779. the 29th MAY. at 11 o'clock A. M. we left Elizabeth Town, being escorted by the first inhabitants* of that place and Newark and encamped that night at Samptown† 14 miles.

MAY 30. Marched to the forks of Raritan‡: 16 miles and quartered in the neighboring houses Captn Cummings and I with our company Quartered at the widow Vrooms and were very hospitably entertained where we remained until the third of June, when we marched to Pitts Town § 20 miles.

* Pear-tree Smith,
*Yackamiah Smith & Robt. Neil &c.
†A small village containing 6 houses and a small creek running through it.
‡ Beautiful and fertile country Lying upon Raritan river inhabited chiefly by Low Dutch, abounding with every kind of grain & fruit common to other rivers in this country.
§ Pitt's Town took its name from Wm. Pitt, Earl of Chatham for his spiritual efforts in obtaining the refusal of the Stamp Act—It consists of ten buildings, two good Grist, one Saw, and a fulling Mill, the Property of Moore Forman D. A. N. G of the State of New Jersey.


[268] JUNE 4th. marched to Masquenecunk * and encamped I quartered at Capt. Chambers, and was very genteelly entertained Gratis.

JUNE 5th. Marched on through a stony country 8 miles, when, after crossing the Delaware, arrived at Easton where we encamped

JUNE 6th. This morning I had no appetite for Breakfast but with Capt. Cummings crossed the river and walked a mile to Biddlemans Mill and took Breakfast which was very good.

JUNE 7th. All quiet.

JUNE 8th. was reviewed and received the Generals approbation. Nothing material until the

JUNE 12th. There were executed three soldiers of the Pennsylvania Line for murdering a man who refused to sell them more drink.

13th. 14th. 15th. 16th. & 17. Spent in Bowling [? moulding] bullets and playing fives.

JUNE 18th. The gun fired at 3 A. M. the General half an hour afterward, the Assembly at four, immediately after the gun the troops began their march for Wyoming.§ That day marched to Hillard's Tavern near the Blue Mountain, 12 miles.

JUNE 19. Marched at four & till seven through the wind Gap of Blue Mountain then halted and drew provision then proceeded to Pokono point 16 miles.

[Some leaves of the original are gone; this page begins]
place Michael Rosebrugh of Sussex county New Jersey for enticing soldiers to desert to the enemy Laurence Miller was under sentence of death likewise for the same, but was reprieved.

JULY 6th. Attended divine service.

JULY 7th. was spent in fishing and had extraordinary luck.

JULY 8th. went to the field¥ where the two Butlers fought last summer. There were about four hundred men Killed, and most of them Scalped, and received the tomahawk.

JULY 9th. Spent the day with mirth and sociability & dined with Justice Barnes on turtle soup which was exceedingly good. The same day Capt. Cummings[Lieuts. Halfay & Peck went on command to Middletown, 120 miles down the river, to escort some boats and provisions up, until the 22nd. the time was spent in playing Shinny & Ball.

JULY 23d. One Regt. was ordered to artichoak [nanticoke] falls so to escort provisions to this place. We marched to Shawney flatts,** got a little dinner, took a sociable buck dance, then proceeded on to the falls, arrived there about four P. M. where we met
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ * Masquenecunk is situate on a creek of that name. A few fine houses and a mill—Some remains left of an old ____. From the Hill you have a most extensive and beautiful prospect.
Easton consists of about 150 houses. There are but three elegant buildings in it, and about as many inhabitants that are any ways agreeable. Take them in general they are a very inhospitable set—all High Dutch & Jews.
Biddleman being a Relation, I made very free, more so than I otherwise should.
[No's 8 and 9 are notes of missing part of journal]
8 Chowder Camp took its name on account of the General's dining on chowder.
9 The greatest part of the way from Learned's Tavern to Wyoming is inhabitable


§ Wyoming has been a very beautiful place. It was situate on the banks of the Susquehanna in a valley of about four miles long & one broad, the land exceeding good & level, but is surrounded by large mountains. The town was burned last fall by the infernal Tories and Savages who likewise put to death every male inhabitant and Scalped them.
¥ There are a great many Men's Sculls to be picked up on the field, some with part of their hair on—the other part taken off with the Scalps—Others with bullet holes in, or the Scull Split with the tomahawk which was a very affecting scene.
¶ Capt Cummings &c. Returned 24th with one hundred and twelve boats of Provision—two hundred and eighty head of Cattle &c.
** Remarks—Shawney flatts is situate on Susquehanna about four miles from Wyoming contains about 500 acres of exceeding good land, the best bottom in the world & only wants a little cultivation to make it the best land in this part—It was but lately inhabited by New England people, they were all killed about a year ago. There is now a family of Yankeys whose names are as follows—mens—Almarin & Lloyd—Females Artemisia, Dustimona, Alethica, Sereptica all belonging to the tribe of Gad & the household of Mary.

[269] Gen'l Hand with the stores. At 8. P. M. took a bite of beef & bread a drink of grog and retired to rest. Colo. DeHart, Genl. Hand & myself slept together in the open air, but with a canteen of spirits at our head.

JULY 24. Returned and got to Shawney flatts about (two) ten P. M. when we got two fine pigs barbecued, eat them, took another buck dance & retired to camp about four.

JULY 25. Attended divine service and had the pleasure to inform the public that Colo. De Hart attended.

JULY 26th. 27, 28th. 29 & 30th. although it rained every day I spent in writing to my friends &c &c &c.

SATURDAY JULY 31st. 8 o'clock A. M. marched from Wyoming for Tioga marched ten miles, through a country ravaged and burned by the savages to Lackawanunck creek.

SUNDAY 1st. AUGUST. three o'clock P. M. proceeded again towards Tioga, marched two miles in a tolerably good road, came to a very remarkable spring which issues out of a rock on top of a mountain runs about half a mile and falls off about one hundred feet. The water is exceedingly good. Marched five miles further in a narrow path on the bank of the river & arrived at Quilutimac & encamped. Staid at Quilutimac* one day and two nights.

TUESDAY AUG. 3. Marched at 6 o'clock A. M. through a mountainous country 12 miles & encamped at Tunkaanunk.

WEDNESDAY AUG. 4. The General beat at 5 A. M. the Assembly at 1/2 after & marched at six. The army marched seven miles, halted, refreshed themselves & proceeded six miles farther to Vanderlips‡ farm & encamped the night.

THURSDAY AUG. 5. Marched at 8 o'clockg A. M. ten miles to Wyolusing ¥ & encamped until the 8th. then marched to Long Standing Stone bottom end encamped ten miles.

**AUG. 9th. Marched at Six o'clock towards Tioga—marched six miles and halted to refresh ourselves, about an hour, & then proceeded nine miles further & encamped at Sheshequenunk three miles from Tioga.Shesequenunk is a large extensive plain surrounded by the most fertile land we have seen in this pan. The whole contains about 3,000 acres.

TUESDAY AUG. 10. Lay at Shesequenunk.

WEDNESDAY AUG. 11th. Marched at 8 A. M. for Tioga the main army crossed the river about a mile from Shesequenunk. The 2nd York Regt. and 2d Jersey Regt. crossed at Sheshequenunk to cover the army the two Regts. after crossing the river marched up the west side about three miles, entered a large flat on Tioga creek of about 500 acres without an inch of wood on it—but the Indian grave very thick & about 4 feet high— after crossing the plain came to Tioga creek, forded it, & entered Queen Hesters plains, found it naked of every thing, every cow and horse having been driven off. We encamped near the middle of the plain about 2 P. M. at 7 P. M. Capt. Gumming was sent by Genl. Sullivan with six men to reconnoitre Chemong an Indian Town called 12 miles from
* From Wyoming to Quilutimac the land is most excellent & in the wild woods bears timothy five feet high.
† This day, was ordered with a party of men to see the cattle all forward, as the General was suspicious the commissary intended to leave some behind, to drive back to Wyoming.
Crossed a fall called Buttermilk falls which issued from a mountain & fell about seventy feet.
‡ Vanderlip was the first settler on the river above Wyoming and has joined Sago.
§ Marched on a very large mountain—The valley below it was very good land. Several walnut trees in it 7 1/2 feet diameter & buttonwood 9 1/2 ditto.
¥ Wyolusing is a large flat of about 1000 acres, the land very rich & bears as good grass as any land possibly can.
¶ Standing Stone bottom is a large flat on the bank of the river about two miles long and one broad.
** This day marched on the side of a mountain about 300 feat from the bottom in a narrow path, when if we were to step one foot to our left we would be gone & on our right the mountain was about 400 feet high. N. B. 3 cows fell down and broke every bone in their bodies.
†† Called Tioga plain, where, the town formerly stood & was last fall burned by Col. Hartley, who was up with his Regt. It consisted of about 20 houses.


[270] Tioga, but I think 15 at least. After viewing the town he returned about ten in the morning of the 12th. & made report to General Sullivan in consequence of which the army was put in readiness to march, & was put in motion at 8 P. M. (or part of it) toward Chemong; Genl. Hand in front with the light troops to form on the right, Genl. Poor in the centre to form on the back of the town; Gen'l Maxwell in the rear to form on the left; Col. Reid with two Regiments to cross the creek & march in front of the town. The town to have been surprised at day break but Gen'l Hands guide, not being fully acquainted with the place, missed the road & Gen'l Maxwell's Brigade having difficult defiles to pass, the army did not enter the town until sunrise, when they found it deserted by the inhabitants* (but 2 or three "Sagos" skulking about it who had left two or three hundred Deer and Bear Skins with several other things) Gen'l Hand pursued the Indians with an expectation of overtaking them. After marching two miles, he was fired upon by a party of Indians about 40 in number who had secreted themselves on a hill and killed six and wounded nine. Hand returned the fire and charged them with the bayonet but they fled so fast our troops could not overtake them but wounded 2 or three. Hand then returned to the Town, which was then in flames. *After burning the town five Regiments were ordered to cross the creek to cut down their corn, which was effected with the loss of one man killed & 2 or 3 wounded.  After cutting their corn returned to town, then proceeded back towards Tioga & arrived in Camp about 8 P. M. 13th.

SATURDAY AUG. 14th. Lay still.

SUNDAY AUG. 15th. 3 P. M. a party of about 10 Indians were discovered on the west side of the Tioga Branch a party of men was sent from Genl. Hands Brigade & two Jersey Reg'ts but was not able to overtake them.

AUG. 16th. One thousand men under the command of Gen'l Poor marched this day to meet and conduct Gen'l Clinton to this place.

AUG. 17th & 18th. Spent in writing to my friends.

AUG. 19th. Still quiet.

AUG. 20. An express from Genl Clinton which informed he was within twenty miles.

AUG. 21st. Went to see a Blockhouse§ (alias Fort Sullivan) which Captain Hollinshead & Gifford have the superintendency of.

AUG. 22nd. General Clinton with his Brigade¥ arrived at this place.

AUG. 23. Had orders to get in readiness to march the 24th at 3 o'clock P. M.

TUESDAY 24th. AUG. The Gun fired at 3 P. M. at which time the tents were struck & the baggage loaded. The army joined in order of march. Continued under arms until five and pitched our tents with orders to march the 25th. but rain prevented.
* Queen Hesters Plains is bounded on the west side by Tioga creek on the east side by Susquehanna River—it runs about two miles up the river & is one mile broad and the river and creek crooks & runs within 300 yards of each other. The land is exceedingly good & with little cultivation would be good for any use necessary to appropriate it to. N. B. Queen Hester was with Butler last fall at Wyoming & behaved with Barbarity unparalleled in former ages after taking the men prisoners and tying them to trees, the old infernal Savage brute would go with her knife cut their throats with it and scalp them at the same time repeating "She should never be tired of killing rebels."
* A mark here indicating a reference note, which probably has reference to what follows included in the parenthesis.—Copyist.


* The town consisted of about thirty houses, a chapel and Queen Hesters cabin, which was a tolerably good building? N. B. The land from Tioga to Chemong is good & greater part level.
† They killed & Scalpsd one man & wounded another, likewise killed one bullock and pushed their boats.
‡ One of Genl Hand's Brigade was killed & Scalped who was driving in some horses.
§ Captain Hendry & myself began the work.
¥ It consisted of Col. Dubois's, Cortlandts, Gansevoorts, Butler's & weisenfels Regiments 1 piece of artillery and one month's provisions for his troops. N. B. His Brigade destroyed -----Towns the names of which are as follows


[271] THURSDAY 26th. The army* began its march at 2 P. M. marched 4 miles and encamped.

FRIDAY AUG. 27. Marched at 8 A. M. 5 miles and encamped by a cornfield of about 100 acres which was destroyed that night. I myself ate 10 ears, one quart of beans & 7 Squashes.

SATURDAY AUG. 28—marched to Chemong 3 miles.

AUG. 29th. Marched at 10 A. M. at 11 the advanced corps discovered the Indians in a brush work when they exchanged a few shots. The artillery was ordered up to begin a fire upon their Right, while Genl Poor & Col. Dubois moved upon their left in order to surprise them, but the artillery drove them before the whole could get round, that only a detachment fell in with them, a smart firing ensued

MONDAY AUG. 30th. This morning was brought in 5 Scalps by a Scout. The army was employed the whole day in cutting corn.

TUESDAY AUG. 31st. Marched at 8 A. M. 5 miles through a rough country to Newtown, burned it & proceeded 5 miles farther & encamped in a flat country.

WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 1st. Marched 3 miles and entered a swamp 9 miles wide very muddy and thick After getting through the Swamp & crossing the creek 16 times (which by continued windings emties into Seneca Lake) arrived at Catharines Town or Shughquago, the first town in the Seneca Nation, which Butler with his tories and Indians had left the day preceding our arrival. This information we had from a very old squaw who was left, and who, after she was informed that we would not kill her manifested the greatest degree of gratitude to us and her good angel.

THURSDAY SEPT. 2nd. Remained in Camp.

FRIDAY SEPT. 3d. Marched early, found the soil good & march easy 11 miles § [A mark here to which note 31 appears to belong]

SATURDAY SEPT. 4. Marched at 10 A. M. 12 miles through a fertile country & encamped at 5 P. M.

SUNDAY SEPT. 5th. Marched at 9 A. M. five miles to Appletown or Candai & encamped at 12¥.

MONDAY, SEPT. 6th. Marched at 2 P. M. 3 miles and encamped.

TUESDAY SEPT. 7th. Marched at 8 A. M. 9 miles to the end of Seneca Lake, crossed it, marched two miles farther to Canadaasago or Seneca Castle& encamped & found a considerable number of deer and bear Skins & a white male child whom they had taken
* It consisted of Clintons, Maxwells, Poors & Hand's Brigades, with Col. Proctors Regt of artillery 4. 6 pounders —4,— 3. 1/8 inch Howitzer — 1 — 5 1/2 (inch) & 1 Cohorn Genl Hands Brigade being light troops marched by its left in 6 columns & formed the front; with a Captain and 30 men from the line on each flank—Major Pratt with 100 Riflemen advanced in front of Hand, Maxwells & Poors marched by their left & formed two columns Poor the right and Maxwell the left—Clinton's marched in two columns by its left and formed the rear of the army—Col. Dubois & 200 men the right flank; Col. Ogden & 200 men the left, Col. Conway & 100 men covering party for the whole. The provision, ammunition, Baggage, artillery &c. in the centre.
† We found much difficulty in crossing and re-crossing the River, several men and horses were carried down the Stream but I believe none were lost.
‡ A Major Titcomb, Capt. Claus, & Lieut McColly & 30 men were wounded. We took two prisoners & six Scalps with a quantity of plunder, at 5 encamped 5 miles at Middle town, country rough.
30 This day the Lieut (McCaulay) died of his wounds.
§ This day found a tree marked 1779 Thandagana the English of which is Brant, 12 men marked on it with arrows pierced through them, signifying the number they had lost in the action of the 29th ultimo—a small tree was twisted round like a rope & bent down, which signified that if we drove and distressed them yet we would not conquer them.
¥ Candaia consisted of about 30 houses the best buildings we found, the situation exceeding pleasant.
¶ The town consisted of about 60 houses chiefly good buildings with a chapel or council House. This is the town they used to hold all the councils of the Six Nations It is situate 2 miles from the Seneca Lake which is thirty five miles long and in some places 10 broad & the most rich and fertile country all round it—We found 200 acres of exceedingly good corn intermixed with beans & squashes pompions & a few potatoes.


[272] prisoner at Wyoming It was about Starved to death It talked the Mohawk and Seneca language.

You must think that cornfields was a noble acquisition for troops who had been on allowance for 8 days.

REMARKS—[This appears to belong to date of Sept. 3d, at which place it is inserted as a note.]—

WEDNESDAY SEPT. 8. The main army continued in Camp. A party of riflemen were sent to burn a small town on the west side of Seneca Lake.

THURSDAY SEPT. 9th. The army marched at 11 A. M. 8 miles through a low piece of ground & encamped by a pleasant brook.

FRIDAY SEPT. 10th. Marched at 8 A. M. 7 miles through a fertile country crossed the end of the Canandague Lake marched 1/2 mile farther to the Chosen Town or Canandague* & encamped.

SATURDAY SEPT. 11. Marched at 5 A. M. 13 miles through a rough country to Hanneyaye & encamped at 4 P. M.

SUNDAY SEPT. 12th. Marched at 12 o'clock 10-1/2 miles & encamped.
MONDAY SEPT. 13. Marched at 3 A. M. 2 miles to Kanieghsaas§ & halted 4 hours whilst a bridge was erected over a small creek. At 12 the army moved in regular order over the bridge 3 miles & found an Indian and 6 of our men killed and Scalped. Marched 1/2 a mile farther and found where the enemy amounting to about 200 had formed an ambuscade but were gone & had left seventy three packs & a number of guns &c. after marching 3-1/2 miles farther arrived at Gacheguerahere¥ about 7 P. M. where we expected to find Mr. Sago but as usual had fled. We encamped at 8 with orders to parade at gun firing in the morning.

TUESDAY SEPT. 14th. The army marched at 12: after crossing a small creek, entered a large extensive plain of about 15000 acres, which lay on the Chineasira River. We crossed one end of the flat of the river 3 miles & entered a rough woody couatry; 3 miles took us to Chineasira.

REMARKS [See Note 37]

WEDNESDAY SEPT. 15th. The army was employed in destroying corn, which was not less than 200 acres intermixed with beans &c the best I ever saw At 3 P. M. the army began its march for Tioga in the same order it advanced, with this alteration. The different columns marched by their right, but in advance by the left: they marched in their old tracks, recrossed the Cheniasira river to the creek running before Gacheguarahere & encamped at 7 P. M.

THUSDAY SEPT. 16th. Marched at 11 A. M. in our old tracks 4 miles and found 13 more of Boyd's party killed and scalped—2 miles further brought us to Kaneighsaas where we encamped the night.
* Canandague consisted of about 30 houses exceedingly good buildings. A great quantity of corn & beans was destroyed—It abounded with corn, beans, squashes &c—The town was situated by the side of a very small lake.
† Capt. Cummings & 100 men were left at Hanneyaye with all the supernumerary baggage of the army & part of the provision, while the army moved to Chiniasira
‡ Lieut. Boyd with Jehoiakim a Stockbridge Indian warrior was sent to reconnoitre Kanieghsaas & Gacheguearahere (?) two Indian towns & with orders to return the next morning
§ Four of Lieut Boyd's party and Jahoiakim returned & informed us that Lieut Boyd & the rest of the party after killing & Scalping an Indian, were either killed or taken by the Indians who had ambuscaded them 3 miles from the Town.
¥ It consisted of about 20 houses and a beautiful situation. Two more of Lieut Boyds party came to camp, corn, beans & squashes plenty.
¶ Chineasira is a Capital Indian Settlement 135 miles from Tioga & 80 from Niagara & consists of about 135 houses & is the most compact of any town we have seen. We found lying on the ground at Chineasira Lt. Boyd & one man dead, who had been put to death in the most barbarous manner. The Indians in the first place tied them up & whipped them prodiguously, pulled out their finger and toe nails, cut out their tongues, stuck spears and darts through them & set the Lieuts head on a log with the mouth open: we could not find the other head, but the dogs had eaten off the flesh of the man's neck.


[273] FRIDAY SEPT. 17th. Marched at 6 A. M. 12-1/2 miles to Hannayaye & encamped. To our great joy we found Capt. Cummings with his party safe.

SATURDAY SEPT. 18. Marched at 8 A. M. 15 miles & recrossed the Kanandague Lake & encamped.

SUNDAY SEPT. 19. Marched at 8 A. M. 15 miles through a swampy country to Kanadosago & encamped at 6 P. M.

MONDAY SEPT. 20th. *Marched at 3 P. M. recrossed the Lake and encamped 5 miles.

TUESDAY, SEPT. 21st. Marched at 6 A. M. 13 miles through Candia & encamped at 4 P. M.

WEDNESDAY SEPT. 22d. Marched at 5 A. M. 18 miles & encamped at 4.

THURSDAY SEPT. 23d. Marched at 7 A. M. 9 miles to Catharines Town & halted an hour and a half. The army marched 3 miles farther and encamped in the swamp.

FRIDAY SEPT. 24th. Marched 15 miles to Newtown or Fort Reid & encamped where half allowance passed as we had provision from Tioga by Lt Read.

SATURDAY SEPT. 25th. at 5 P. M. Fired a feu de joie and Spent the evening with the greatest sociability & mirth Buck & Indian dances throughout the camp.

SUNDAY SEPT. 26th. Lay Still.

MONDAY, SEPT. 27th. Col. Dearborns party returned to camp with Squaws whom they had made prisoners with an old warrior & Squaw but they being old and infirm thought proper to leave them. They had burned towns & a great quantity of corn &c.

TUESDAY SEPT. 28th. §Col. Butler with his party returned to camp after destroying quantities of corn &c and several Towns.

WEDNESDAY SEPT 29th Began to burn corn by sunrise & continued until 2 P. M. & recrossed the river 5 miles above Chemong: burned about 200 acres more and marched to join the army who who had marched this day 3 miles below Chemong.

THURSDAY SEPT. 30. The army marched at 10 A. M. 9 miles to Tioga or Fort Sullivan & encamped on our old ground. At 2 went to the fort and found an elegant dinner cooked and several small Bulls ready to roar at any time [Note ¥ probably belongs here]

FRIDAY OCT. 1st. Common occurrences.

SATURDAY OCT. 2nd. Lay quiet.

SUNDAY OCT. 3d. Still in camp.

MONDAY OCT. 4th. Marched at 7 A. M. recrossed the Tioga Branch and Susquehanna river 15 miles & encamped on creek.

TUESDAY OCT. 5—The whole of the army embarked on board the boats with baggage &c except a few to take charge of the horses & cattle who Col. DeHart commanded. Marched at 8 o'clock 14 miles to Wyolusing & encamped.

WEDNESDAY OCT. 6th. Marched at 4 A. M. 24 miles to Tunkaannock & encamped.

THURSDAY OCT. 7th. Marched at 6 A M to Wyoming 27 miles and encamped.

FRIDAY OCT. 8. Spent in eating, drinking & sleeping.
* Previous to the army's march Col. Butler with a detachment of 500 men was sent round the Cayuga lake to march down the east side of it & with orders to destroy all that came in his way. Likewise Col. Smith was sent 10 miles down the west side of Seneca lake to burn a town.
† Before we marched Col. Dearborn was sent with 250 men to march down the west side of Cayuga Lake.
‡  We found the Old Squaw in the place we had left her—her provision & wood was exhausted & she in tears & was not able to get more, but was much rejoiced at the sight of the army—"her friend " as she called us. We found likewise a younger squaw at some distance shot and thrown into a ditch & half covered with mud. The old Squaw said that she did not know of the other one. The General left her about 100 lbs of flour & 50 lbs of Beef.
§ This day went out with a party of 300 men under the command of Col. Dayton to burn corn on the west side of Tioga River from Newtown to Chemung—marched 3 miles & burned 300 acres of corn and encamped.
¥ In the evening we had Col. Proctor & his corps of officers with the corps of 2nd Jersey to sup & drink grog with us; the evening was Spent with the greatest sociability.
¶ Major Hollinshead, Capt. Cummings, Capt Cox, Capt Hallard, Mr. Blair & myself & a number more came as aids to Col DeHart.


[274] SATURDAY OCT. 9th. Still incamp and preparing for march.

SUNDAY OCT. 10th. Marched at 5 P. M. for Easton Clinton's & Poor's Brigades marched 7 miles to Bullocks Tavern; Maxwell's & Hands being in the rear of the wagons & they being heavy laden, they marched but 3 miles and encamped in the woods.

MONDAY OCT. 11th. Marched at Sunrise to Bullocks, eat breakfast and proceeded (after leaving the wagons with a proper guard) 9 miles & encamped.

TUESDAY OCT. 12th. Marched to Chowder Camp.

WEDNESDAY OCT. 13th Marched to Brinkers Mills.

THURSDAY OCT. 14th Marched to Hillards Tavern.

FRIDAY OCT. 15— Marched to Easton*

SATURDAY OCT. 16 Resting ourselves.

SUNDAY OCT. 17th. attended divine service had an excellent sermon.
MONDAY OCT. 18th. Still in camp.

THURSDAY OCT. 21st. General Clinton with his Brigade crossed the river into Jersey & encamped 3 miles up the river.

SATURDAY OCT. 23d. Poor's Brigade crossed the river & encamped with Clinton.

SUNDAY OCT. 24. attended divine service.

TUESDAY OCT. 26th. Maxwell's & Hands Brigades crossed into Jersey & encamped†.

WEDNESDAY OCT. 27th. ‡ Our Brigade with Hand's & the artillery who had crossed previous to our march, marched at 9 A. M. 3 miles & overtook Clinton & Poor who were upon their march; marched 10 miles further & encamped at Oxford.

THURSDAY OCT 28th. Marched at 8. 14 miles through a stony country & encamped at Log Jail.

FRIDAY OCT. 29. Marched through a tolerably good country 10 miles to Sussex Court House & encamped.

SATURDAY OCT 30. Marched 14 miles to Wallins Tavern & encamped.

SUNDAY OCT 31st. 13 miles to Warrick.

MONDAY NOV. 1. Our Brigade received orders to march to Westfield—Marched 11 miles to Stirling Seperated from the army marched 2 miles further and encamped between Ringwood and Stirling 2 miles from each.

TUESDAY NOV. 2nd. Marched 17 miles to Pompton & encamped.

WEDNESDAY NOV. 3d. 17 miles to Morris Town Town.

THURSDAY NOV. 4. Marched within one mile of Springfield 10 miles.

FRIDAY NOV. 5th. 8 miles to Scotch Plains.

SATURDAY NOV. 9th. Still.

Here a number of leaves are missing and the record ceases.
* Previous to our entering the town [Easton] the officers entered into a resolve not to eat or drink a penny's worth in a Tavern on the march to Head Quarters—as they had frequently been heard to say when buying liquors at high prices, that the western army was coming down, and the men were starved for victuals & drink & would give any price for the same & that they would make as much money as they pleased.
† After encamping the officers of our Regt collected took a sociable drink of grog & after taking a few Buck dances marched through camp and 1/2 a mile through Phillips Burgh retired to rest
‡  The land tolerably good but stony & passed vast quantities of Buckwheat, Capt. Hendry, L. Rhea Lane &c arrived in camp & informed us of Capt. Voorheas being killed by the British Dragoons.