Archives Of The
Welcome to the Archives of the
Miami Tribe in Indian Territory
A Brief History
Miami has been said to come from a Chippewa term Oumamik, meaning "people who
live on the peninsula" or “all beaver” depending on which historian you
believe. This term "all beavers" was said to derive from the Wallom Olum,
which has been proven to be a complete hoax being written by a missionary not
the Lenni Lenape. Early English writers in referring to The People corrupted
this term into many various spellings, i.e., Maumee, Maumie, Miami, etc.
us the name the Miami called themselves was Twightwee, yet their own speaking
elders proved this as false when Gabriel Godfroy clearly stated in 1909 that
the word Twightwee was a term OTHER tribes used in reference to them. The
Miami have always known themselves to be the Myaamia or in the plural,
Myaamiaki. From their own tribal language they have always referred to
themselves as “mihtohseeniaki”, meaning 'the people' just as many tribes of
the great lakes area did.
the Algonquian linguistic family the Myaamiaki originally claimed their
homelands in present day Indiana, western Ohio, eastern Illinois and portions
of southern Michigan. When first encountered by the French Missionaries in the
early 1600's, they were in the region around Green Bay, Wisconsin, having left
their ancient ancestral grounds to avoid the hostilities of the increasingly
westward advancement of the Great Iroquois Confederacy who were fleeing the
encroachment of the European settlers in their own land. By 1700, they had
returned to their old homelands, where they played a prominent part in the
Ohio Valley Indian wars.
The Miami Nation was a loose association of six independent tribes: the
Atchakangouen a.k.a. Atchatchakangouen or Greater Miami, Kilatika, Mengkonkia
a.k.a. Mengakonia, Pepikokia, Piankeshaw a.k.a. Newcalenous, and Wea or
Ouiatenon. By 1796 the Pepikokia had been absorbed by Piankeshaw, and the
divisions after this time were: Eel River, Miami, Piankeshaw, and Wea. The
Wea and Piankeshaw had lived for many years in close proximity with the Peoria
and Kaskaskia tribes in Illinois and Kansas so it was a seemingly natural
transition when removing to the Indian Territory for them to merge with those
two tribes becoming the Confederated Peoria Nation around 1868. All of the
Miami tribes and their very close cousins from the various divisions of the
Peoria Nations have been determined by anthropologists to be descended from
the ancient mound builders of the Mississippi River and are included under the
ancient name of Illini Indians.
stem white encroachment the Myaamiaki eventually relinquished
their ancient Indiana homelands through the treaty of 6 November 1838 and
accepted a 500,000-acre reservation in Kansas. Their Chiefs were able to stall
the removal until October 1846 at which time the United States Army forced the
proud and once powerful Myaamiaki onto canal boats to commence their journey
to the reservation in Kansas Territory, which was to be theirs forever and
ever. Upon their arrival in Kansas, however, disease, epidemics and white
encroachment served to help reduce the tribe. By 1848, only 300 tribal members
remained in Kansas establishing a village on the east bank of the Marais des Cygnes River in present-day Miami County, Kansas.
with the squatters on their reserve and other settlers demanding opening of
the rich Miami reservation lands to white settlement, Kansas Territory saw a
treaty concluded that provided for land allotments (200 acres each) to the
Miami living on the reservation-a tract of 70,000 acres held in common by the
tribe-and for the surplus lands to be sold to the United States. The U.S.
governments’ “forever” was the usual fifteen to twenty-five years.
terms of their last treaty in 1867, those Miami who wished to remain in Kansas
were to forfeit all ties with the U.S. government and become citizens of
Kansas; the rest were to remove to Indian Territory. Most of the Wea and
Piankeshaw confederated with the Peoria, but the Myaamiaki retained their own
governmental structure becoming known as the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma, a
federally recognized tribe of the United States.
Miami Tribe Archivist
- Oklahoma State
Indian Nations/Indian Territory Archivist
the Miami Tribe Archives grow, by kindly submitting data.
If you have
any cemetery records, bible records, deeds, applications for citizenship, etc…
For the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma, please send them to me as an attachment in
Please be sure to identify that it is for the Miami Tribe. It also needs to be
a plain text file, no HTML and no images. This ensures that everybody will be
able to read it, no matter what kind of web browser. Here is a
information found below has been submitted to The USGenWeb Archive Project. It
is offered free to all who visit. The ownership - copyright stays with the
submitter. Please read and respect the copyright on all submittals.
Please read the
1912 Miami Tribe
Chief David GEBOE
Nations/Indian Territory Archives Table of Nations
Oklahoma Archives Table of
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Darling for the USGenWeb Archive Project
08 Sep 2009