Indian Nations

Indian Territory Archives




Welcome to the Cheyenne-Arapaho Archives of the state of Oklahoma!


 Taken from Sioux words that mean 'people of an alien speech'---referring to the Cheyenne's native Algonquian language. Cheyenne words for the tribe mean 'people who are alike.'

Cheyenne is indicated by drawing the right index finger across the left several times---which means 'striped arrows,' alluding to the tribe's preference for turkey feathers to wing their arrows.

Modern Cheyenne history began at their meeting with the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804 in the Black Hills of South Dakota. In 1868, U.S. troops led by Gen. Custer made a surprise attack on Black Kettle's village on the Washita River in western Oklahoma. Chief Black Kettle and many of his band were killed. These attacks understandably made the tribe bitter and resentful for many years.

Long closely related with the Arapaho, in 1867, the Cheyenne were co-assigned a western Oklahoma reservation with the tribe under the Medicine Lodge Treaty. Their surplus lands were organized as a part of Oklahoma Territory and opened to white settlement in 1892. Today they are called the Southern Cheyenne tribe, a reference intended to distinguish them from their Northern division in Montana.


Arapaho originates in the Pawnee term tirapihu, meaning 'he buys or trades,' as the Arapaho were the trading tribe in the Great Plains region. They have long been closely associated linked with the Cheyenne tribe, who called them 'Cloud Men.' The name given to them by the Sioux has a similar meaning; 'Blue-Cloud Men.'

In 1835, the Arapaho tribe divided into Southern and Northern groups. Oklahoma members are Southern Arapaho, the largest group; Northern Arapaho live in Wyoming.

A treaty with the Arapaho and Cheyenne in 1867 provided the two tribes with a reservation bounded on the north and east by the Kansas state line and the Arkansas River, and on the west and south by the Cimarron River, a tract lying within the Cherokee Outlet in what in now northern Oklahoma. Oppositions and uncertainties among the western tribes in locating on reservations delayed the settlement of the Plains tribes in western Oklahoma. The Arapaho and Cheyenne did not settle on the reservation assigned to them, but instead located their villages south along the North Canadian River. A presidential proclamation in 1869 assigned a new reservation to the two tribes, in an area along the North Canadian and the upper Washita Rivers.

Cheyenne-Arapaho Archivist
Position open

Gene Phillips -State Archivist

Linda Simpson - Archivist-Indian Nations/Indian Territory 

Help the Cheyenne-Arapaho Archives grow, kindly submit your data.

If you have any cemetery records, bible records, deeds, applications for citizenship in the  Cheyenne-Araphaho, land patents, probate records, allotment records, etc, that pertain to the Cheyenne-Arapaho, please send them to me as an attachment in an e-mail to Interim File Manager. Please be sure to identify that it is for the  Cheyenne-Arapaho Archives. It also needs to be a plain text file, no HTML and no images. This ensures that everybody will be able to read it, no matter what kind of web browser. Here is a help file.

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Cheyenne-Arapaho Records

Description Size Date Submitted By
Mary L. (North) Tasso 4K 2002 Barbara Clayton
Description Size Date Submitted By
Life on the Cheyenne Indian Reservation 5K 2002 Marla Andrus
Newspaper Articles
Description Size Date Submitted By
History of the Cheyenne Transporter 6K 2002 Barbara Clayton
Indian Lands-Cheyenne Transporter-April 19, 1882 2K 2002 Barbara Clayton
Description Size Date Submitted By
Tommy Blind Woman 5K February-2002 Mollie Stehno

 Cheyenne-Arapaho Allotments-1891

Submitted by Barbara Clayton-2001-2002

















 land0023.txt land0033.txt land0043.txt





 land0024.txt land0034.txt land0044.txt





 land0025.txt land0035.txt land0045.txt










land0007.txt  land0017.txt land0027.txt land0037.txt land0047.txt land0057.txt land0067.txt
land0008.txt  land0018.txt land0028.txt land0038.txt land0048.txt land0058.txt land0068.txt
land0009.txt  land0019.txt land0029.txt land0039.txt land0049.txt land0059.txt land0069.txt
land0010.txt  land0020.txt land0030.txt land0040.txt land0050.txt land0060.txt land0070.txt
land0071.txt land0072.txt land0073.txt land0074.txt land0075.txt land0076.txt land0077.txt



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 2001-2009  Linda Simpson

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   Last Updated: 30 Aug 2009